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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Enhancing sexual and reproductive health and well-being of young people: building common ground between the United Nations and faith-based development partners

    Adolescence is a time of great change and growth, when young people are negotiating a range of influences, including religious ones. Strategies, including work on sexual and reproductive health, which seek to support the wellbeing and dignity of adolescents and youth, need to give greater consideration to internal and external drivers of wellbeing generated by religion, spirituality and the work of faith-based organizations (FBOs). …

  2. Customary adolescent sexual practices among the Akha of northern Lao PDR: considerations for public health

    Based on interviews and focus group discussions conducted in northern Laos, this study explores Akha understandings of customary first pre-pubertal sex acts, a thonh thong (‘break through vagina’ [BV]) for girls and yaha heu (‘open foreskin’ [OF]) for boys, which are thought to enable the maturing of bodies into adulthood. The study also examines the practice of a thor ta yang (‘Welcome Guest’) in which sexually initiated girls have sex with male visitors to Akha villages. The study found that many young women experience BV as painful and traumatic. …

  3. Influence of religious affiliation and education on HIV knowledge and HIV-related sexual behaviors among unmarried youth in rural central Mozambique

    The interactions among religious affiliation, education, HIV knowledge, and HIV-related sexual behaviors among African church youth are poorly understood. In this sociodemographic study, 522 unmarried youth 12-28 years old in rural central Mozambique were surveyed with a structured questionnaire. Using binary logistic regression analysis, the authors used religious affiliation and education to measure influence on (1) HIV transmission and prevention knowledge and attitudes and (2) HIV-related sexual behaviors among youth. …

  4. Sexualidad en adolescentes seropositivos

    Descripción general de la situación de los adolescentes escolares que viven con VIH/sida en Chile y de como debieran recibir educación sexual. Además se citan casos de resistencia de diversos grupos a la educación sexual, sobre todo en el ámbito del placer y el uso del preservativo.

  5. Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

    Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities is a document that aims to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. …

  6. Reproductive Health of Arab Young People

    Reproductive Health of Arab Young People is a short article written by J. DeJong of the Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, and G- El-Khoury of Unicef Middle East and North Africa Region from Amman, Jordan, in 2006. It presents the current situation in the Arab region regarding sexual and reproductive services and information. It shows that cultural taboos are still limiting young people's access, especially for those unmarried, to integrated health services including contraception for sexually active adolescents and health education. …

  7. Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs

    Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs is a report written by J. Beamish and L.T. Abderrazik for the POLICY Project, on behalf of the Asia/Near East Bureau of USAID. It aims to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in Morocco, within the context of the adolescent boys and girls. …

  8. ISESCO Guide for the Incorporation of Reproductive Health and Gender Concepts into Islamic Education Curricula

    Le manuel a pour objet d'aider les concepteurs des programmes d'éducation islamique à mieux cerner des concepts éducatifs nouveaux se rapportant à la santé génésique, la santé des adolescents aussi bien que les questions du genre social et leur intégration dans les programmes d'éducation islamique, en s'inspirant du Saint Coran.

  9. Youth's voices: report on sexual and reproductive rights in Central and Eastern Europe and Balkan countries

    In May 2006, ASTRA-Youth concluded a research done in 11 countries from Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans. In average, 50 young people (between 16 and 30 years old) were interviewed in each country. The research focussed on the knowledge and attitudes of Youth towards Sexual and Reproductive Health issues in their countries. In addition, a cross cultural analysis of the data provided a clear picture of the commonalities and differences in attitudes and needs, giving the opportunity to share best practices and materials amongst participating countries. …

  10. Aborting and suspending pregnancy in rural Tanzania: an ethnography of young people's beliefs and pratices

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family Planning" published in December 2008. The objective of this study is to analyse abortion practices and beliefs among adolescents and young adults in Tanzania, where abortion is illegal. From 1999 to 2002, six researchers carried out participant observation in nine villages and conducted group discussions and interviews in three others. Most informants opposed abortion as illegal, immoral, dangerous, or unacceptable without without the man's consent, and many reported that ancestral spirits killed women who aborted clan descendants. …

  11. Advancing reproductive health and family planning through religious leaders and faith-based organizations

    Relationships with FBOs are essential to community-based health work, but can be difficult to forge. Some religious traditions reject the use of contraception. Others may accept family planning within marriage, but do not feel condoms should be distributed to young unmarried people. Some religious leaders believe that prayer is enough to protect their followers from AIDS. …

  12. Understanding religious and political opposition to reproductive health and rights: a resource guide

    This publication addresses a number of issue areas that U.S.-based groups opposed to reproductive rights have rallied around in recent years. The guide is a collaborative effort by International Planned Parenthood Federation European Network (IPPF EN), Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA), and SIECUS. The publication was developed as a key resource for a meeting held earlier this month in Brussels by leading European and U.S. groups that focused on the importance of opposition work. …

  13. Faith community responses to HIV/AIDS : integrating reproductive health and HIV/AIDS for NGOs, FBOs and CBOs Vol.II

    This manual contains basic information about HIV/AIDS and different ways in which the faith community can respond including teaching, counseling, IEC, and advocacy. The curriculum was developed to provide an overview of the HIV pandemic to Christian clergy, religious leaders, laity and church groups, and to sensitize participants of 1994 International Conference on Population and development in Cairo about the current issues and challenges that PLWHA face. The curriculum was designed to assist a trainer in delivering a five-day workshop. It is divided into seven chapters. …

  14. Partnering: a new approach to sexual and reproductive health

    "Partnering" shows how a global consensus is emerging on how to scale up successful programmes that involve men without diverting scarce resources from women's health. In fact, men are more and more taking ownership of mobilization and advocacy for the emergence of a more gender equitable young man.

  15. Young people make the difference: peer influence on reproductive health of young people in Dakar, Senegal

    Senegal is mentioned by UNAIDS as best practice, since it is one of the few countries in Sub Sahara Africa with a very low HIV-prevalence, which is partly being attributed to early, far-reaching education and awareness-raising of the (young) population. This thesis does not aim to assess whether or not AIDS-education in Senegal is the cause of the low HIV-prevalence. It is aiming at gaining an insight into young people's lives and their perceptions of the severalsources of AIDS-education and information. How are young people in Senegal being informed about HIV/AIDS? What do they learn? …

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