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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Left without a choice. Barriers to reproductive health in Indonesia

    This report reflects Amnesty International's recent analysis on the extent to which certain Indonesian laws have incorporated international human rights law and standards, including provisions contained in CEDAW, to which Indonesia is a state party. In particular, it builds on a series of open letters addressed to Indonesian authorities in late 2009 and early 2010, which highlighted some of the shortcomings of certain laws in guaranteeing non-discrimination and sexual and reproductive rights. …

  2. Knowledge and attitudes toward AIDS among female college students in Nagasaki, Japan

    This study assesses knowledge and attitudes concerning HIV infection and individuals with AIDS among 383 female students attending colleges in Nagasaki, Japan. A structured questionnaire containing questions concerning knowledge about AIDS, sources of information, beliefs and attitudes toward people with HIV/AIDS was administered during sessions set up for that purpose. The mean age of participants was 18.8 ± 0.8 years (± SD). The main source of information for AIDS awareness as reported by the students was the mass media. …

  3. Tackling the HIV Challenge in Sudan: The Way Forward

    The HIV/AIDS training workshop for Religious Leaders (RL) was conducted on 31 January 2009. The main objective is to mobilize for HIV/AIDS prevention, to raise awareness and sensitize religious leaders with regards to various aspects of the HIV epidemic, including stigma and discrimination, to become active agents in dealing with PLWH, and to incorporate HIV messages in their work in the UAE and the region. …

  4. Positive Voices: Religious leaders living with or personally affected by HIV and AIDS

    This booklet brings together the experiences of 14 African religious leaders - 12 Christians and two Muslims - who are either living with HIV or are personally affected by HIV and AIDS. The contents of this booklet are a source of inspirational experiences which individual readers can use for personal information, or to refer to in presentations, articles, sermons, interviews or workshops.

  5. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  6. Siyam'kela measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. Tackling HIV/AIDS stigma: Guidelines for faith-based organisations

    The purpose of these guidelines is: to share the findings of the Siyam'kela study in a user-friendly way; to increase responsiveness amongst faith leaders and opinion leaders regarding the importance of creating accepting environments to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma; to provide recommendations on how to develop an HIV/AIDS-supportive environment.

  7. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma. Toolkit for action. Modules D & E: the family and stigma. Home based care and stigma

    This document is part of a toolkit written for and by HIV trainers. The toolkit has been designed to help trainers plan and organise educational sessions with community leaders or organised groups. It consists in a collection of participatory training exercices to help people at all levels understand stigma - what it means, why it is an important issue, what its root causes are - and develop strategies to challenge stigma and discrimination.The present document contains the Module D, "the family and stigma", and the Module E, "Home-based care and stigma". …

  8. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  9. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for faith-based organisations

    These guidelines were developed to provide faith leaders, HIVAIDS committees,people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in the faith community and opinion leaders within the faith-based sector with practical and user-friendly recommendations on how to create an environment free of HIV/AIDS stigma. Additional guidelines for PLHAs and media, and the national government workplace sector, are also available. The guidelines are not exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with other guideline Siyam'kela documents produced on HIV/AIDS and stigma.

  10. Promising Practice of Stigma-mitigation Efforts from across South Africa. Reflections from: faith-based organisations, the workplace and people living with HIV/AIDS who interact with the media

    Promising practices from the three focus areas have a crucial role to play in offering leadership, vision, direction and inspiration in stigma mitigation. Faith-based organisations are important institutions in shaping values and attitudes to vulnerable people in society as well as developing appropriate and compassionate responses to social challenges. Government departments, both as employers of large numbers of South Africans and as providers of services to the population at large, are able to model exemplary policies and programmes around HIV/AIDS stigma. …

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