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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A voucher for health: enabling young people in Uganda to access quality sexual and reproductive health services

    Young people in Uganda have significant unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. This is particularly the case for young people from key populations. The prevalence of HIV among sex workers of all ages is between 35% and 37%, five times higher than the general population. Sex workers also face other serious sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues, including high rates of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The situation for young lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people is also difficult. …

  2. Effects of an Entertainment-Education Radio Soap Opera on Family Planning and HIV Prevention in St. Lucia

    Context: An entertainment-education radio soap opera, Apwe Plezi, was broadcast from February 1996 to September 1998 in St. Lucia. The program promoted family planning, HIV prevention and other social development themes. Methods: The program's effects were assessed through analyses of data from nationally representative pretest and posttest surveys, focus-group discussions and other qualitative and quantitative sources. Results: Among 1,238 respondents to the posttest survey, 35% had listened to Apwe Plezi, including 12% who listened at least once per week. …

  3. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Study on Reproductive Health Among Secondary School Students in Bolgatanga, Upper East Region, Ghana

    This study was conducted within the secondary school student population of the Bolgatanga community, in Northern Ghana, to learn about knowledge, attitude and practices of reproductive health of this adolescent student population. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected on adolescence perception, STIs and HIV/AIDS, family planning, male-female relationship, and vulnerability to sexual violence. …

  4. SHAKTI : a publication for the 2nd Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health

    This publication is a special issue for the 2nd Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive Health which was held at Bangkok from 6th-10th October 2--3. Ths conference brings together 1,500 participants from 41 countries as representatives of non-government groups, development groups, grassroots workers and academic, gender, health and other experts to discuss ways on taking concrete action to further push reproductive rights. …

  5. Nepal: support communication to enhance young mothers' reproductive health

    This study was undertaken as part of a reproductive health project implemented by the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) and the Center for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA), sought to improve social norms that leave young women vulnerable to health risks related to early marriage and childbearing and limited access to reproductive health services. It was found that communication-based support to mothersÆ groups and newly formed youth communication groups improved reproductive health knowledge and behavior among young married women in Nepal.

  6. Adding it up: the benefits of investing in sexual and reproductive health care

    The report, jointly published by the Alan Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA, reviews and evaluates current approaches to measuring the costs and benefits of investment in health services. It strongly makes the case that reproductive and sexual health programmes are dramatically underfunded, and that investments in this sector have a tremendous impact, both on the health and well-being of individuals and families, and on the economic health and development prospects of nations. …

  7. Youth-friendly services: a manual for service providers

    A training curriculum to strengthen the skills of health workers who provide reproductive health services to adolescent clients. The manual includes training activities that can be conducted with various levels of staff providing adolescent health services. Topics include the importance of working with youth, characteristics of youth-friendly services, youth sexual and reproductive health issues, service provider values about working with young people, gender roles, youth sexual and reproductive health issues, and communicating with young people.

  8. Monitoring and evaluation of sexual and reproductive health interventions: a manual for the EC/UNFPA Initiative for Reproductive Health in Asia

    The manual is a tool aimed at helping organisations to monitor and evaluate sexual and reproductive health interventions, whether they be individual projects or part of larger programmes like the EC/UNFPA Initiative for Reproductive Health in Asia. The handbook acquaints the reader with concepts and terminology underlying the objectives of the RHI and ICPD/POA, the scope and focus of project monitoring and evaluation and their different functions, the use of a conceptual model for monitoring and evaluation and its relationship with the logical framework and the systems analysis framework. …

  9. Developing health and family planning materials for low-literate audiences: a guide

    The manual offers guidelines for developing health and family planning print materials for illiterates and low-literate groups. The guide discusses a separate step in materials development process: target audiences; project planning; audience research; message development; guidelines for materials production; pretesting and revision; printing, distribution and training; and impact evaluation.

  10. Timing of first intercourse among Malian adolescents: implications for contraceptive use

    In Mali, young women's psychological characteristics are strongly associated with their sexual experience (including the timing of their first sexual encounter) and ultimately with their ability to protect themselves from sexual health risks.

  11. Partnering: a new approach to sexual and reproductive health

    "Partnering" shows how a global consensus is emerging on how to scale up successful programmes that involve men without diverting scarce resources from women's health. In fact, men are more and more taking ownership of mobilization and advocacy for the emergence of a more gender equitable young man.

  12. Lao reproductive health survey 2000 (LRHS 2000)

    The LRHS 2000, funded by UNFPA was undertaken with the purpose of providing up-to-date information on fertility levels, determinants of fertility, fertility preferences, family planning, infant and child mortality, reproductive health and child health, including breastfeeding, and knowledge of RTIs/STDs and HIV/AIDS. The information is intended to assist policy makers and programme managers in planning, designing, managing and evaluating programmes. It is also meant to improve birth spacing/family planning services in the country.

  13. PSI/Laos research reports: selected summary reports of behavioural and market research studies

    The report contains summaries of behavioural and market research studies conducted in Laos by Population Services International during 1999 to 2000 to determine whether the project has been successful in changing people's behaviour and preventing spread of HIV/AIDS in Laos. …

  14. How does family planning influence women's lives?

    The paper reviews the research findings and policy options regarding relationships between family planning and women's lives.

  15. Adolescent and reproductive health in Pakistan: a literature review

    The report is a review of research findings on adolescents and reproductive health in Pakistan. The material is drawn from national surveys, medical research and information gathered by NGOs. The research shows the profile of adolescents in Pakistan with regard to the following issues: health and nutrition; sexual awareness and behaviour; prostitution and trafficking; sexual violence and sexual abuse; STDs; abortion; marriage and childbearing; fertility and family planning.

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