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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Understanding teenage fertility, cohabitation, and marriage: the case of Peru

    This paper intends to contribute to the economic literature that investigates the origins of teenage pregnancy and early marriage/co habitation in Peru and to improve understanding of the risk factors of one important gender-related issue that has historically provoked asymmetric costs for boys and girls. …

  2. Sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and youth in Cambodia: analysis of 2000-2014 Cambodia Demographic and Health survey data

    This report presents findings from a secondary analysis of four waves of the Cambodia Demographic and Health Surveys, 2000 to 2014, with support from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Australian in Cambodia. One aim of this report was to describe the current state of the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and youth in Cambodia and this was achieved through the analysis of data on young women aged 15-24 years from the four Cambodian Demographic and Health Surveys (CDHS) conducted in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014. …

  3. Education and risky sex in Africa: Unraveling the link between women’s education and reproductive health behaviors in Kenya

    Much research attention has been devoted to understanding the relationship between education and riskier sex-related behaviors and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. While in the early 1990s researchers found that increases in education were associated with a higher incidence of HIV/AIDS, this relationship appears to have reversed and better educated people, especially women, appear less likely to engage in riskier sex-related behaviors and have a lower incidence rate of HIV/AIDS. …

  4. Approaches to gender and sexuality: responding to HIV. Report of the findings of a survey amongst Alliance linking organisations

    Gender and sexuality have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of the HIV epidemic. Issues vary across communities and countries, but power imbalances, harmful social norms, violence and marginalisation affect women, men, girls, boys and transgender people across the world, limiting their ability to prevent HIV infection. There are a growing number of HIV and broader health initiatives that not only highlight gender issues, but also aim to change harmful norms and practices. These are called "gender-transformative" approaches. …

  5. In the absence of marriage: long-term concurrent partnerships, pregnancy, and HIV risk dynamics among South African young adults

    In KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, where HIV prevalence is among the world's highest, a longitudinal qualitative study of partnership dynamics and HIV preventive behaviors was conducted. 47 young adults aged 18-24 participated in in-depth interviews, and 29 were re-interviewed 2 years later. Five analytical domains emerged: primary partnerships, love and romance; secondary partnerships; pregnancy/parenthood; condom use/prevention; and contextual influences, including schooling and future aspirations. …

  6. La sexualité et la grossesse de la femme confrontée au VIH/sida

    À partir du constat des bénéfices associés à la thérapie antirétrovirale - amélioration des conditions de vie de personnes séropositives, augmentation de leur espérance de vie, etc. - et du fait que la personne séropositive peut désormais envisager la grossesse, l'article indique la nécessité de la prise en charge de ce souhait de fonder une famille par les équipes soignante, tout en soulignant l'importance de la minimisation maximale du risque de contamination et les avantages de la procréation médicalement assistée.

  7. Are adolescents and young adults more likely than older women to choose commercial and private sector providers of modern contraception?

    This study tests the hypothesis suggested by many smaller studies that young people prefer to use private providers to access contraceptive methods. It examines the patterns in young women's levels of sexual activity, use of modern methods of contraception, and sources of modern contraception by age group and union status, using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. In addition, while controlling for other important explanatory variables, the study seeks to answer the question of whether young women are more likely to choose private sector providers than older women. …

  8. Nepal: support communication to enhance young mothers' reproductive health

    This study was undertaken as part of a reproductive health project implemented by the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) and the Center for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA), sought to improve social norms that leave young women vulnerable to health risks related to early marriage and childbearing and limited access to reproductive health services. It was found that communication-based support to mothersÆ groups and newly formed youth communication groups improved reproductive health knowledge and behavior among young married women in Nepal.

  9. Adding it up: the benefits of investing in sexual and reproductive health care

    The report, jointly published by the Alan Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA, reviews and evaluates current approaches to measuring the costs and benefits of investment in health services. It strongly makes the case that reproductive and sexual health programmes are dramatically underfunded, and that investments in this sector have a tremendous impact, both on the health and well-being of individuals and families, and on the economic health and development prospects of nations. …

  10. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Goa

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Goa. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

  11. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Uttarakhand

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Uttarakhand. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

  12. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Bihar

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Bihar. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

  13. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Jharkhand

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Jharkhand. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

  14. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-06: Kerala

    This report presents the key findings of the NFHS-3 survey in Kerala. The survey provides trend data on key indicators and includes information on several new topics, such as HIV/AIDS-related behaviour, attitudes toward family life education for girls and boys, use of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme, men’s involvement in maternal care, and health insurance. For the first time, NFHS-3 provides information on men and unmarried women. …

  15. PSI/Laos research reports: selected summary reports of behavioural and market research studies

    The report contains summaries of behavioural and market research studies conducted in Laos by Population Services International during 1999 to 2000 to determine whether the project has been successful in changing people's behaviour and preventing spread of HIV/AIDS in Laos. …

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