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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Young people's perspectives on the adoption of preventive measures for HIV/AIDS, malaria and family planning in South-West Uganda: focus group study

    The aim of the study was to explore young people's understanding and knowledge about why protective measures against HIV/AIDS, malaria and unplanned pregnancy are not taken by those at risk in Uganda. The study results were that the participants (all from secondary school in Kanungu Uganda) could identify reasons why preventive action was not taken. These reasons included misconceptions, the inpracticability of abstinence, and fear of side effects of several key interventions. The article argues that there is an apportunity to improve preventive measures by tackling these issues. …

  2. Reproductive health communication strategy implementation guide for family planning, adolescent and youth sexuality reproductive health rights, and maternal, neonatal, and child health 2010-2012

    Family planning (FP), maternal, and child health (MNH), and sexual and reproductive health for adolescents and youth are fundamental elements of the RH Communication Strategy for Kenya (2010-2012). These are key areas to address for Kenya to make progress on Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Vision 2030. Recently, the Government of Kenya (GOK) and donors agreed to bolster RH/FP programs and services to ensure the country meets the goals ahead, including the 2015 target set by the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation of increasing contraceptive prevalence from 46% to 56%. …

  3. Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Women and Youth in the Context of Climate Change

    The effects of climate change can hamper access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. This restricts women and young people's options to plan families, and limits a community's ability to respond to climate change. SRH and climate change movements should work together to ensure women and youth access to SRH and mitigate climate change.

  4. In the absence of marriage: long-term concurrent partnerships, pregnancy, and HIV risk dynamics among South African young adults

    In KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, where HIV prevalence is among the world's highest, a longitudinal qualitative study of partnership dynamics and HIV preventive behaviors was conducted. 47 young adults aged 18-24 participated in in-depth interviews, and 29 were re-interviewed 2 years later. Five analytical domains emerged: primary partnerships, love and romance; secondary partnerships; pregnancy/parenthood; condom use/prevention; and contextual influences, including schooling and future aspirations. …

  5. Integrating youth reproductive health and family planning into HIV/AIDS education

    This issue of FieldNotes presents IYF's experiences and lessons learned in Tanzania, where the Planning for Life project integrated youth reproductive health education and family planning services into its HIV prevention activities and trained local youth service providers to offer youth-friendly reproductive health services.

  6. Planning for life: final evaluation

    Planning for Life (PFL) was implemented by the International Youth Foundation (IYF) from March 2007 to November 2009 with financial support by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The goal of PFL is to integrate Youth Reproductive Health and Family Planning into IYF's youth development programs through increased awareness and capacity building at three operational levels: Field level pilot programs in Tanzania, India, and the Philippines; IYF National Headquarters (HQ); and among IYF Global Partners. …

  7. Going all-out for human rights and sexual health: aiming for results in Burkina Faso

    Officially launched in January 2004, the German-Burkinabe Sexual Health and Human Rights Programme (PROSAD) was chosen for write-up in the German HIV Practice Collection because, over the years, it has become a uniquely sustained, comprehensive and results-driven effort to protect and empower women, youth and children. It has helped raise their own and public awareness of their human rights, including their sexual and reproductive rights, and has provided them with a range of services and mechanisms that allow them to take advantage of those rights.

  8. A Practical Guide to Integrating Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS into Grant Proposals to the Global Fund

    Starting in recent proposal rounds, The Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) has stated more explicitly that countries can include reproductive health as part of their proposal on AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, as long as a justification is provided on the impact of reproductive health (RH) on reducing one of the three diseases. Grounded in the research, programmatic and policy literature on linkages and integration, as well as successful country proposals that include integration, this document seeks to answer four main questions: 1. What is integration? 2. …

  9. Concept sex education for youths: sex education, contraception and family planning

    This publication develops sex education concepts to stimulate and promote an interdisciplinary discourse on sexuality, contraception and family planning. It sets out the fundamentals of sex education for young people, defining the framework conditions, the starting situation, the goals and the target groups. In addition, it provides information on the communicative approach and the various subject areas. …

  10. Sexual and reproductive health in the Middle East and North Africa: a guide for reporters

    This guide aims to bring together the latest available data on sexual and reproductive health for countries in the MENA region, to help journalists educate the public and make the case for policymakers that poor sexual and reproductive health contributes to social inequalities and hinders social and economic development.

  11. Are adolescents and young adults more likely than older women to choose commercial and private sector providers of modern contraception?

    This study tests the hypothesis suggested by many smaller studies that young people prefer to use private providers to access contraceptive methods. It examines the patterns in young women's levels of sexual activity, use of modern methods of contraception, and sources of modern contraception by age group and union status, using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. In addition, while controlling for other important explanatory variables, the study seeks to answer the question of whether young women are more likely to choose private sector providers than older women. …

  12. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Nepal: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of adolescent reproductive health in Nepal is part of a series of assessments in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  13. Promoting sexual responsibility among young people in Zimbabwe

    The Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC) launched the Promotion of Youth Responsibility Project with technical assistance from the Johns Hopkins University Population Communication Services. This article presents an assessment of the project's success at reaching its target audience and promoting responsible sexual behaviour among young people.

  14. PSI/Laos research reports: selected summary reports of behavioural and market research studies

    The report contains summaries of behavioural and market research studies conducted in Laos by Population Services International during 1999 to 2000 to determine whether the project has been successful in changing people's behaviour and preventing spread of HIV/AIDS in Laos. …

  15. Reproductive health of young adults: contraception, pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases

    This training module is part of a series of slide presentations entitled Reproductive Health Series (RH) covering information about reproductive health of young adults. It includes script of information designed to accompany eighty-three 35 mm. colour slides for presentation, together with audience handouts which contain summary of key learning points and note-taking pages during presentation. It also includes list of important readings, key journal articles, book chapters, unpublished papers related to reproductive health of young adults. …

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