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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The HIV and sexual reproductive health status of young people in Swaziland: the rationale for focused youth investment

    Methods: The HIV and Sexual Reproductive Health Status of Young People in Swaziland analysis were prepared in stages: desk review and analysis, consultations/interview meetings with key stakeholders, data analysis and compilation of the report.Results and discussion: Early sexual debut, high adolescent fertility rate, unmet need for family planning, and on-going problems with sexual and gender based violence (GBV) are some of the key issues faced by young people in terms of reproductive health in Swaziland.

  2. Good practices on HIV/AIDS and sexual reproductive health from higher education institutions in Ethiopia

    Criteria for Evaluation of Good Practices Submitted from Member Higher Education Institutions; 1. Innovativeness (It could be something initiated by HEI as original or existing program with contextualized modification of key focus areas of interventions stipulated in the forum’s policy and strategy framework or education sector response policy against the epidemic); 2. Explicability or adaptability (have the potential to serve as a model for generating initiatives in the other HEIs); 3. …

  3. Assessment of the Policy Environment for the Integration of Reproductive Health and HIV&AIDS Services in Ghana

    The objectives of this assessment are to: Identify and assess current policies on reproductive health (RH) and HIV&AIDS services that support integration; Assess key stakeholders' current understanding of “integration of RH and HIV&AIDS services.” This includes their understanding of who is (are) the target population(s) in need of services, the kinds of services needed, and service delivery strategies for best meeting those needs; Identify operational challenges to providing integrated RH and HIV&AIDS services; Identify examples of integrated RH and HIV&AIDS services, if possible, and assess  …

  4. Education and risky sex in Africa: Unraveling the link between women’s education and reproductive health behaviors in Kenya

    Much research attention has been devoted to understanding the relationship between education and riskier sex-related behaviors and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. While in the early 1990s researchers found that increases in education were associated with a higher incidence of HIV/AIDS, this relationship appears to have reversed and better educated people, especially women, appear less likely to engage in riskier sex-related behaviors and have a lower incidence rate of HIV/AIDS. …

  5. Young people's perspectives on the adoption of preventive measures for HIV/AIDS, malaria and family planning in South-West Uganda: focus group study

    The aim of the study was to explore young people's understanding and knowledge about why protective measures against HIV/AIDS, malaria and unplanned pregnancy are not taken by those at risk in Uganda. The study results were that the participants (all from secondary school in Kanungu Uganda) could identify reasons why preventive action was not taken. These reasons included misconceptions, the inpracticability of abstinence, and fear of side effects of several key interventions. The article argues that there is an apportunity to improve preventive measures by tackling these issues. …

  6. Effects of an Entertainment-Education Radio Soap Opera on Family Planning and HIV Prevention in St. Lucia

    Context: An entertainment-education radio soap opera, Apwe Plezi, was broadcast from February 1996 to September 1998 in St. Lucia. The program promoted family planning, HIV prevention and other social development themes. Methods: The program's effects were assessed through analyses of data from nationally representative pretest and posttest surveys, focus-group discussions and other qualitative and quantitative sources. Results: Among 1,238 respondents to the posttest survey, 35% had listened to Apwe Plezi, including 12% who listened at least once per week. …

  7. Education and Nonuse of Contraceptives Among Poor Women in Chiapas, Mexico

    Context: Relatively little is known about how poverty and illiteracy affect women's decisions to adopt contraception, specifically their likelihood of never having practiced contraception. Methods: A random sample of 883 women in union aged 15-49 living in the Border Region of the Mexican state of Chiapas were interviewed in 1994 as part of a regional survey of reproductive health. …

  8. Situational analysis on SRH/HIV integration in Zambia

    To contribute to the achievement of RH and HIV integration, SAfAIDS and Youth Vision Zambia in partnership with Population Action International commissioned a 15 days rapid situation analysis to establish the current national baseline of existing national policies, HIV and RH integration programmes and opportunities for advocacy for increased integration. …

  9. Approaches to gender and sexuality: responding to HIV. Report of the findings of a survey amongst Alliance linking organisations

    Gender and sexuality have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of the HIV epidemic. Issues vary across communities and countries, but power imbalances, harmful social norms, violence and marginalisation affect women, men, girls, boys and transgender people across the world, limiting their ability to prevent HIV infection. There are a growing number of HIV and broader health initiatives that not only highlight gender issues, but also aim to change harmful norms and practices. These are called "gender-transformative" approaches. …

  10. Integrating HIV and sexual and reproductive health: a Pacific specific mapping

    Over the past decade, Pacific Island countries have seen a rapid increase in HIV related activities that have largely been disconnected from broader sexual and reproductive health (SRH) activities. International research indicates that the synergies between HIV and SRH can be better used to improve health outcomes. However, despite a number of high level calls for greater linkages and integration, as well as the creation of avenues for this to occur, very little linkage and integration has yet been achieved at either policy or service levels in the Pacific region. …

  11. In the absence of marriage: long-term concurrent partnerships, pregnancy, and HIV risk dynamics among South African young adults

    In KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa, where HIV prevalence is among the world's highest, a longitudinal qualitative study of partnership dynamics and HIV preventive behaviors was conducted. 47 young adults aged 18-24 participated in in-depth interviews, and 29 were re-interviewed 2 years later. Five analytical domains emerged: primary partnerships, love and romance; secondary partnerships; pregnancy/parenthood; condom use/prevention; and contextual influences, including schooling and future aspirations. …

  12. Adolescent Job Aid: a handy desk reference tool for primary level health workers

    This publication is intended for health workers who provide primary care services (including promotive, preventive and curative health services) to adolescents. The purpose of this document is to enable health workers to respond to adolescents more effectively and with greater sensitivity. To do this, it provides precise guidance on how to deal with adolescents when they present with a problem regarding their health and development.

  13. Making the case for Integration

    Over a few short years, leaders in the fields of reproductive health and HIV/AIDS treatment have made a convincing case for integrated care. This report serves as a piece in a growing body of information about FP/HIV integration in sub-Saharan Africa. It contains a summary of current research, an evaluation of difficult challenges and real solutions, in-depth profiles of organizations working on the frontlines, and insights from experts representing government and philanthropy. …

  14. Integrating youth reproductive health and family planning into HIV/AIDS education

    This issue of FieldNotes presents IYF's experiences and lessons learned in Tanzania, where the Planning for Life project integrated youth reproductive health education and family planning services into its HIV prevention activities and trained local youth service providers to offer youth-friendly reproductive health services.

  15. Have you integrated STI/HIV prevention into your sexual and reproductive health services? Use IPPF/WHR's STI/HIV integration checklist to find out

    In theory, SRH care incorporates the prevention, detection and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - including and perhaps most pressingly, HIV - into other SRH services. In practice, however, many organizations that work in SRH service provision fail to incorporate STI/HIV prevention or treatment into their roster of services and programs, or they provide these services separately from other SRH services. …

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