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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. State of world population 2018: the power of choice: reproductive rights and the demographic transition

    The global trend towards smaller families is a reflection of people making reproductive choices to have as few or as many children as they want, when they want. When people lack choice, it can have a long-term impact on fertility rates, often making them higher or lower than what most people desire.

  2. Status of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Zambia: contraception and family planning, preventing unsafe abortion and accessing postabortion care, and maternal health

    This policy brief is Part 1 of a three-part series entitled “Status of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Zambia,” reporting on progress, gaps, and existing challenges in SRH&R related to achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

  3. Understanding teenage fertility, cohabitation, and marriage: the case of Peru

    This paper intends to contribute to the economic literature that investigates the origins of teenage pregnancy and early marriage/co habitation in Peru and to improve understanding of the risk factors of one important gender-related issue that has historically provoked asymmetric costs for boys and girls. …

  4. Vanuatu: sexual and reproductive health rights needs assessment

    The purpose of this SRHR Needs Assessment was to review progress on Vanuatu’s ICPD and MDG commitments to achieving universal access to reproductive health (MDG Target 5B), with particular focus on ensuring Vanuatu citizens’ SRHR are prioritised and maintained through all aspects of service planning and delivery. Areas of focus included access to family planning information and services, and to a range of appropriate commodities to meet the needs of all groups within communities. …

  5. Kiribati: sexual and reproductive health rights needs assessment

    The purpose of this needs assessment is to establish the level to which the SRP rights and needs of the population of Kiribati have been met and to assess what needs have not been met. This report provides an overview of the existing available sexual and reproductive health services in Kiribati, identifies the gaps, issues and challenges that exist and provides recommendations to improve rights based sexual and reproductive health services in Kiribati. The SRHR Needs Assessment included a comprehensive literature review and in-country qualitative and quantitative data collection. …

  6. Kingdom of Tonga: sexual and reproductive health rights needs assessment

    The purpose of this needs assessment is to establish the level to which the SRP rights and needs of the population of Tonga have been met and to assess what needs have not been met. This report provides an overview of the existing available sexual and reproductive health services in Tonga, identifies the gaps, issues and challenges that exist and provides recommendations to improve rights based sexual and reproductive health services in Tonga.

  7. Solomon Islands: sexual and reproductive health rights needs assessment

    The purpose of this needs assessment is to establish the level to which the SRP rights and needs of the population of Solomon Islands have been met and to assess what needs have not been met. This report provides an overview of the existing available sexual and reproductive health services in Solomon Islands, identifies the gaps, issues and challenges that exist and provides recommendations to improve rights based sexual and reproductive health services in Solomon Islands. …

  8. Samoa: sexual and reproductive health rights needs assessment

    The purpose of this SRHR Needs Assessment was to review progress on Samoa’s ICPD and MDG commitments to achieving universal access to reproductive health (MDG Target 5B), with particular focus on ensuring Samoan citizens’ SRHR are prioritised and maintained through all aspects of service planning and delivery. Areas of focus included access to family planning information and services, and to a range of appropriate commodities to meet the needs of all groups within communities. …

  9. Sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and youth in Cambodia: analysis of 2000-2014 Cambodia Demographic and Health survey data

    This report presents findings from a secondary analysis of four waves of the Cambodia Demographic and Health Surveys, 2000 to 2014, with support from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Australian in Cambodia. One aim of this report was to describe the current state of the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and youth in Cambodia and this was achieved through the analysis of data on young women aged 15-24 years from the four Cambodian Demographic and Health Surveys (CDHS) conducted in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014. …

  10. Unintended pregnancies in Kenya: a country profile

    The report draws on data from four Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys (KDHS) (1993, 1998, 2003 and 2008/09), the Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS) (2007), the Kenya Service Provision Assessment (KSPA) (2004 and 2010) and the Kenya National Survey for Persons with Disabilities (KNSPWD) (2008). Levels of key family planning and reproductive health indicators are set out, as well as fertility-and abortion indicators in Kenya. An equity lens was used, which differentiates these indicators by age, marital status, region, education and wealth. …

  11. Making the case for investing in adolescent reproductive health: a review of evidence and PopPov research contributions

    Solid evidence on the links between preventing adolescent childbearing and alleviating poverty can motivate policymakers and donors to invest in reproductive health and family planning programs for youth. Research that documents the clear cause-and-effect relationship between program interventions and outcomes, such as better health and delayed childbearing among teens, can guide decisions about investments in research or programs. …

  12. Can sexuality education advance gender equality and strengthen education overall? Learning from Nigeria’s family life and HIV education program

    The imperative to prepare the largest generation of young people in history for adulthood has driven a search for fresh approaches to educating adolescents about their bodies and sexuality. Recently, there have been calls among health experts and educators for a comprehensive, integrated approach to sexuality education that addresses not only health issues such as HIV and pregnancy, but also helps to achieve broader outcomes such as ensuring gender equality, increasing access to education for girls, and improving the quality of education overall. …

  13. A voucher for health: enabling young people in Uganda to access quality sexual and reproductive health services

    Young people in Uganda have significant unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. This is particularly the case for young people from key populations. The prevalence of HIV among sex workers of all ages is between 35% and 37%, five times higher than the general population. Sex workers also face other serious sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) issues, including high rates of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The situation for young lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people is also difficult. …

  14. Universal access to reproductive health: progress and challenges

    Reproductive health is critical to advancing development. Its importance, particularly in terms of access to rights-based family planning, is now well recognized in not only improving women’s chances of surviving pregnancy and childbirth, but also in contributing to gender equality, better child health, preventing and responding to HIV transmission, better education outcomes and poverty reduction. Universal access to reproductive health affects and is affected by many aspects of life. …

  15. Good practices on HIV/AIDS and sexual reproductive health from higher education institutions in Ethiopia

    Criteria for Evaluation of Good Practices Submitted from Member Higher Education Institutions; 1. Innovativeness (It could be something initiated by HEI as original or existing program with contextualized modification of key focus areas of interventions stipulated in the forum’s policy and strategy framework or education sector response policy against the epidemic); 2. Explicability or adaptability (have the potential to serve as a model for generating initiatives in the other HEIs); 3. …

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