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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National strategy for the prevention and management of alcohol and drug use amongst learners in schools

    Alcohol and drug abuse is a global challenge, which has detrimental effects on the health, wealth and security of nations. Its impact is being felt in schools in South Africa and is compromising the quality of teaching and learning and the safety of learning spaces. This strategy was developed to provide comprehensive guidance to the basic education sector in South Africa with regards to the prevention and management of alcohol and drugs in schools. …

  2. A Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: UNESCO/UNAIDS research project. Uganda’s experience: country report

    This document provides the findings of a country assessment carried out in Uganda in the first phase of the UNESCO/UNAIDS joint project "A Cultural Approach to HIV/AIDS: Prevention and Care". The purpose of this exercise was threefold: (i) to assess the evolution of the epidemic (HIV infection and PWA) and its cultural and societal impact in the context and perspective of sustainable development. (ii) to determine how and to which extent culture, features and resources of the population are being taken into consideration in the design, implementation and evaluation of HIV/AIDS interventions. …

  3. A situational analysis on the status of women's and children's rights in Zimbabwe 2005-2010: A call for reducing disparities and improving equity

    The purpose of the Situation Analysis of Children and Women in Zimbabwe is to consider the situation facing children and women in 2010 and analyse how this affects the realisation of their rights. This Situation Analysis takes into account statistical trends, policies and budgets relating to the rights and welfare of girls, boys and women. While the report provides a brief review of the historical background, its primary focus is an analysis of the present situation with a view to assessing the future prospects for supporting children and women's rights.

  4. Assessing implementation of Botswana's program for orphans and vulnerable children

    Botswana's 2008 National Guidelines on the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children define a vulnerable child as any child under the age of 18 years who lives in an abusive environment, a poverty-stricken family unable to access basic services, or a child-headed household; a child who lives with sick parents or outside family care; or who is HIV positive. Due to challenges in creating an effective response that corresponds to this broad definition, there are no available estimates of the number of children rendered vulnerable as a result of HIV, poverty, and other causes in Botswana. …

  5. Study of Family Planning and HIV Integrated Services in Five Countries

    In the past several years, there has been a growing international dialogue on the feasibility and desirability of providing integrated family planning (FP) and HIV services. The reasons for offering joint, complementary services are many. Adding FP services to counseling and testing might provide an opportunity to reach populations that do not typically attend FP clinics, such as the sexually active young and unmarried, men, and members of high-risk groups such as sex workers. …

  6. Best practices in HIV and AIDS

    The five year National HIV & AIDS Strategic Plan (NSP)-(2007/08 - 2011/12) sets priorities for three thematic service areas: Prevention; Care and Treatment; and Social Support. Coordination of partners' contributions to the national response to HIV&AIDS epidemic is through 12 Self Coordinating Entities (SCEs) of which the International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGO) is part. The goal for the INGO-SCE is to facilitate a well co-coordinated response to HIV&AIDS and improve national capacity to address the pandemic effectively in and outside Uganda. …

  7. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  8. Plan stratégique national de lutte contre les IST/VIH/SIDA 2008-2012 [Union des Comores]

    Malgré la faible prévalence VIH des Comores, les autorités nationales placent le SIDA au premier rang des préoccupations du Gouvernement. Le présent document est le fruit d'un travail collectif mené dans le pays, pour constituer la base de références pendant cinq ans des stratégies à mettre en oeuvre par le PNLS (Programme National de Lutte contre le Sida) de manière multisectorielle sur les trois îles, afin de préserver la nation d'une progression de l'épidémie VIH/SIDA, en le maintenant dans la catégorie des pays à faible prévalence. …

  9. Revue du cadre stratégique national 2003-2007

    La revue participative du Cadre Stratégique National 2003-2007 et du Cadre Institutionnel et de Gouvernance de la riposte nationale au VIH en République de Guinée marque le début du processus de planification stratégique pour la période 2008-2012. Première phase du processus de planification stratégique, elle s'est déroulée dans la période du 25 juillet au 30 septembre 2007. Le bilan des réalisations de la période 2003-2007 est largement positif en matière de lutte contre le VIH en Guinée, malgré un contexte sociopolitique difficile. La présente revue s'est voulue exhaustive. …

  10. The Long-run Economic Costs of AIDS: Theory and an Application to South Africa

    Most existing estimates of the macroeconomic costs of AIDS, as measured by the reduction in the growth rate of GDP, are modest. For Africa - the continent where the epidemic has hit the hardest - they range between 0.3 and 1.5 per cent annually. The reason is that these estimates are based on an underlying assumption that the main effect of increased mortality is to relieve pressure on existing land and physical capital so that output per head is little affected. …

  11. HIV and AIDS and STI strategic plan for South Africa, 2007-2011

    The HIV & AIDS and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa 2007 2011 (NSP) flows from the National Strategic Plan of 2000 2005, the Operational Plan for Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care, Management, and Treatment (CCMT) as well as other HIV and AIDS strategic frameworks developed for government and sectors of civil society in the past five years. It represents the country s multi-sectoral response to the challenge with HIV infection and the wide-ranging impacts of AIDS. …

  12. Developing a strategy to strengthen community capacity to assist HIV/AIDS-affected children and families: the COPE Program of Save the Children Federation in Malawi,

    The purpose of this report is to develop an intervention strategy that can be utilized by external change agents to mobilize sustainable, effective community action to mitigate the impacts of HIV/AIDS on children and families

  13. Community Based Orphan Assistance in Zimbabwe: Developing and Expanding National Models by Building partnerships with NGOs, CBOs and the private sector

    This report is a follow up activity resultant from the release on World AIDS Day of 'Children on the Brink'. Children on the Brink served as a wake up call for the international development community on the issue of children orphaned by AIDS as it portrays the scale and urgency of this demographic event in unprecedented fashion, a clear picture of the massive impact the pandemic will have on children, families, societies and economies in Sub-Saharan Africa through the first third of the next century. …

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