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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: UNESCO/UNAIDS research project. Uganda’s experience: country report

    This document provides the findings of a country assessment carried out in Uganda in the first phase of the UNESCO/UNAIDS joint project "A Cultural Approach to HIV/AIDS: Prevention and Care". The purpose of this exercise was threefold: (i) to assess the evolution of the epidemic (HIV infection and PWA) and its cultural and societal impact in the context and perspective of sustainable development. (ii) to determine how and to which extent culture, features and resources of the population are being taken into consideration in the design, implementation and evaluation of HIV/AIDS interventions. …

  2. Promoting Equity for Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS

    This article provides a summary of the evidence at a global level on who is missing out on programming to achieve an "AIDS-free generation." In addition the article provides evidence-based interventions which may be implemented to improve both HIV and equity outcomes. The article raises and explains three key issues and goals: that of eliminating new HIV infections in children and keeping families healthy, that of preventing HIV infections among adolescents and young people, and that of protection, care and support for children affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  3. Social cash transfers to support children and families affected by HIV/AIDS

    In response to the critical need of affected children and families, the compelling evidence for their benefits, and the receptive environment on the part of governments and donors, several local and international organizations are piloting cash transfers programmes as a mechanism to mitigate the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on affected communities in sub- Saharan Africa. Few programmes, however, are conceptualized or implemented within a broader framework of social protection, socioeconomic development or human rights. …

  4. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  5. Positively caring: ensuring that positive choices can be made about the care of children affected by HIV

    This report examines the impacts of HIV on the care choices of children, exploring how HIV affects whether or not children can remain within parental care, and on the alternative care options open to them. It is based on qualitative research in Malawi, India and Ukraine, and on a global literature review. It is in response to alarming global evidence on the rising numbers of children outside of parental care, and growing global recognition that responses to HIV should centre on increased support to families as the best means of providing care and protection for children.

  6. The Socioeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS in China

    This report is the summary report of a full study supported by British Department for International Development, UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS in China and United Nations Children's Fund.This study consists of the following parts: - Socioeconomic factors contributing to HIV epidemic; - The estimation the number of HIV/AIDS cases by the end of 2001 and projection the trend over the next decade; - An analysis of the socioeconomic impact of AIDS on three levels: family, health sector and macroeconomics; - Recommendations on prevention and control of HIV/AIDS.

  7. The role of the health sector in strengthening systems to support children's healthy development in communities affected by HIV/AIDS: A review

    This document is a review of the scientic evidence and practice experience in providing what has come to be called psychosocial programming and support for children infected with and affected by HIV, and their caregivers. A great deal of attention is currently focused on psychosocial support programmes for children living in communities affected by HIV/AIDS. Efforts to promote the psychosocial well-being of vulnerable children require conditions and assistance that go beyond psychosocial support programmes. …

  8. Study of Family Planning and HIV Integrated Services in Five Countries

    In the past several years, there has been a growing international dialogue on the feasibility and desirability of providing integrated family planning (FP) and HIV services. The reasons for offering joint, complementary services are many. Adding FP services to counseling and testing might provide an opportunity to reach populations that do not typically attend FP clinics, such as the sexually active young and unmarried, men, and members of high-risk groups such as sex workers. …

  9. Best practices in HIV and AIDS

    The five year National HIV & AIDS Strategic Plan (NSP)-(2007/08 - 2011/12) sets priorities for three thematic service areas: Prevention; Care and Treatment; and Social Support. Coordination of partners' contributions to the national response to HIV&AIDS epidemic is through 12 Self Coordinating Entities (SCEs) of which the International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGO) is part. The goal for the INGO-SCE is to facilitate a well co-coordinated response to HIV&AIDS and improve national capacity to address the pandemic effectively in and outside Uganda. …

  10. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems for Families and Children Impacted by HIV/AIDS: Four Program Case Studies from Kenya and Rwanda

    This document describes four family and community-centered approaches to caring for and treating HIV-affected children and households, three in Rwanda and one in Kenya. The four projects described all share a common commitment to delivery of care in the community rather than limiting provision of care to health facilities. …

  11. Expanding the role of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda: the Networks Model project 2006-2009. USAID project-end report

    This report outlines the background, achievements and lessons learned during the start up, implementation and close out of the Alliance's three-year United States Agency for International Development - funded project, Expanding the Role of Networks of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda (the Networks Model project). The report aims to support learning across the Alliance's programmes and the wider HIV response.

  12. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  13. AIDS, public policy and child well-being

    This study addresses one of the greatest challenges of our time: the damage caused by HIV and AIDS to the well-being of children and families. With 38.6 million people affected by HIV in 2006, with HIV prevalence at antenatal clinics exceeding 40 per cent in areas of Botswana and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), with nationwide adult prevalence in excess of the critical threshold of 20 per cent in several countries, and with the prospect of a rapid spread of the disease in large swathes of India, China and Russian Federation, the future of child well-being is seriously threatened. …

  14. Considerations for formulating reproductive health laws

    This discussion paper elaborates how laws can be developed in order to improve protection of reproductive and sexual health, and how they can be applied to facilitate the availability of reproductive health services. Legal principles are examined, including those governing free and informed decision-making, privacy and confidentiality, the competent delivery of services and the use of conscientious objectives.

  15. Global consultation on adolescent friendly health services: a consensus statement

    The paper presents a brief report, a presentation of consensus statements, the evidence-base for these statements, and their implications for actions. …

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