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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care: UNESCO/UNAIDS research project. Uganda’s experience: country report

    This document provides the findings of a country assessment carried out in Uganda in the first phase of the UNESCO/UNAIDS joint project "A Cultural Approach to HIV/AIDS: Prevention and Care". The purpose of this exercise was threefold: (i) to assess the evolution of the epidemic (HIV infection and PWA) and its cultural and societal impact in the context and perspective of sustainable development. (ii) to determine how and to which extent culture, features and resources of the population are being taken into consideration in the design, implementation and evaluation of HIV/AIDS interventions. …

  2. Social cash transfers to support children and families affected by HIV/AIDS

    In response to the critical need of affected children and families, the compelling evidence for their benefits, and the receptive environment on the part of governments and donors, several local and international organizations are piloting cash transfers programmes as a mechanism to mitigate the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on affected communities in sub- Saharan Africa. Few programmes, however, are conceptualized or implemented within a broader framework of social protection, socioeconomic development or human rights. …

  3. Foundation for the future: meeting the psychosocial needs of children living with HIV in Africa

    This technical brief describes promising practices in critical services related to the psychological and social well-being of perinatally-infected children (aged 0 to 12 years) in Africa. These include the identification, testing, and counseling of children so that they are linked to appropriate support as early as possible, as well as the provision of ongoing PSS to help children and their families manage disclosure, stigma, and grief and bereavement processes. …

  4. The role of the health sector in strengthening systems to support children's healthy development in communities affected by HIV/AIDS: A review

    This document is a review of the scientic evidence and practice experience in providing what has come to be called psychosocial programming and support for children infected with and affected by HIV, and their caregivers. A great deal of attention is currently focused on psychosocial support programmes for children living in communities affected by HIV/AIDS. Efforts to promote the psychosocial well-being of vulnerable children require conditions and assistance that go beyond psychosocial support programmes. …

  5. Study of Family Planning and HIV Integrated Services in Five Countries

    In the past several years, there has been a growing international dialogue on the feasibility and desirability of providing integrated family planning (FP) and HIV services. The reasons for offering joint, complementary services are many. Adding FP services to counseling and testing might provide an opportunity to reach populations that do not typically attend FP clinics, such as the sexually active young and unmarried, men, and members of high-risk groups such as sex workers. …

  6. Best practices in HIV and AIDS

    The five year National HIV & AIDS Strategic Plan (NSP)-(2007/08 - 2011/12) sets priorities for three thematic service areas: Prevention; Care and Treatment; and Social Support. Coordination of partners' contributions to the national response to HIV&AIDS epidemic is through 12 Self Coordinating Entities (SCEs) of which the International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGO) is part. The goal for the INGO-SCE is to facilitate a well co-coordinated response to HIV&AIDS and improve national capacity to address the pandemic effectively in and outside Uganda. …

  7. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems for Families and Children Impacted by HIV/AIDS: Four Program Case Studies from Kenya and Rwanda

    This document describes four family and community-centered approaches to caring for and treating HIV-affected children and households, three in Rwanda and one in Kenya. The four projects described all share a common commitment to delivery of care in the community rather than limiting provision of care to health facilities. …

  8. Expanding the role of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda: the Networks Model project 2006-2009. USAID project-end report

    This report outlines the background, achievements and lessons learned during the start up, implementation and close out of the Alliance's three-year United States Agency for International Development - funded project, Expanding the Role of Networks of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda (the Networks Model project). The report aims to support learning across the Alliance's programmes and the wider HIV response.

  9. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  10. Marcelline et Jojo: un combat pour la vie

    Cette bande dessinée est le fruit de la collaboration entre le SFPS (Projet Régional Santé Familiale et Prévention du SIDA) établit à Abidjan et ONUSIDA Equipe Inter-Pays (Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre). L'élaboration de ce document a aussi bénéficié de la participation active du Réseau Africain des Personnes Vivant avec le VIH (RAP+), et en particulier de PVVIH venant du Burkina Faso, de la Côte d'Ivoire, du Mali, du Sénégal et du Togo et du soutien financier d'USAID. Le thème principal de ce document est la stigmatisation et la discrimination faites aux personnes vivant avec le VIH. …

  11. The Current and Future Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on South Africa's Children

    This chapter has three aims. One, to investigate the impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic upon the children of South Africa with a focus on health, welfare and education implications. Two, to examine the responses of families, communities, civil society and governments to the crisis confronting the children. Three, to critique those responses and offer alternatives, which may assist in improving the impacts on children.

  12. Predicting the social consequences of orphanhood in South Africa

    This paper examines and questions the predictions found in the academic and policy literature of social breakdown in Southern Africa in the wake of anticipated high rates of orphanhood caused by the AIDS epidemic. Analysis of the logic underlying these predictions reveals four causal relationships necessary to fulfil such dramatic and apocalyptic predictions:1. High AIDS mortality rates will produce high numbers of orphans.2. These orphans will become children who do not live in appropriate social environments to equip them for adult citizenship.3. …

  13. Ghana Human Development Report 2004. Breaking the HIV/AIDS chain: a human development challenge

    This report explores:the links between HIV/AIDS and efforts to promote social well-being; the social, cultural, religious and economic aspects of the prevention and management of the pandemic; the reorganisation of the health-care services to equip care-givers to deliver appropriate and adequate care to people living with HIV/AIDS and their families; public and private sector responses to the challenge of HIV/AIDS and human development, and collaboration with civil society and development partners.

  14. Developing Interventions to Benefit Children and Families Affected by HIV/AIDS: A review of the COPE

    The purpose of this review is to evaluate the progress of the COPE Program implemented in Malawi in reponse to the needs of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS. COPE's main aim was to increase household income in recognition of the relationship between poverty and AIDS.The program had an elaborate management information system to measure needs as well as its activities and impacts.

  15. Community Based Orphan Assistance in Malawi: Demographic Crisis As Development Opportunity

    This report is a follow up activity resultant from the release on World AIDS Day of 'Children on the Brink'. Children on the Brink served as a wake up call for the international development community on the issue of children orphaned by AIDS as it portrays the scale and urgency of this demographic event in unprecedented fashion, a clear picture of the massive impact the pandemic will have on children, families, societies and economies in Sub-Saharan Africa through the first third of the next century. …

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