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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Rethinking HIV/AIDS in South Africa: has the response been overmedicalized?

    This paper examines the potential impact of HIV/AIDS on different levels of South African society (individual, household, and national) over time. Using differences in demographic projections to guide the analysis, the prospective implications of HIV/AIDS on households, society, economy and nation are discussed and issues that could influence or mitigate those possible impacts are examined. …

  2. Counting Carers: How to improve data collection and information on households affected by AIDS and reduce the poverty of carers, people living with HIV and vulnerable children

    This report aims to guide governments, NGOs and others working to improve data collection and analysis on households affected by AIDS. It identifies the limits of existing data and suggests how this may be further analysed to produce better information and what future surveys might include.

  3. Families and children affected by HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable children in Papua New Guinea: a national situation analysis

    This study provides an overview of the situation of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS, and of other vulnerable children. Its purpose is to assist the Government, civil society organisations and development partners in the development of policies and programmes for on-going support, and in the monitoring of community-based assistance to families and children affected by HIV/AIDS. The study is a joint project of the Department for Community Development and the National AIDS Council, supported by civil society organisations and UNICEF.

  4. Toolkit for positive change: providing family-focused results-driven and cost-effective programming for orphans and vulnerable children

    The Positive Change: Children, Communities and Care (PC3) Program is a five-year (2004-2009) integrated and comprehensive program designed to provide care and support to more than half a million orphaned and vulnerable children and their families throughout the country of Ethiopia. The Program emphasizes community-based, results-oriented, and family-focused efforts which reduce the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on children, families and communities and increases capacity of local organizations and communities to positively respond to the needs of OVC. …

  5. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  6. Conveying concerns: women report on families in transition

    Many features of modern life are changing the structure of house-holds and the nature of family life. More women are seeking paid employment, and the number of single-parent and two-earner families is growing. At the same time, family members are more dispersed as those who might normally share a home leave their villages, towns, and even their countries to find work. In many parts of the world, people are living longer, and increasing numbers of older people are facing questions of where to live and how to support themselves. …

  7. Cambodian household male behavioral surveillance survey, IV 2000

    The objectives of the BSS IV are to: describe sexual behaviour of general population of Cambodian men; compare risk for HIV/AIDS between urban and rural Cambodian men; and compare male sentinel groups to general population.

  8. Who cares? AIDS Review 2001

    "Who cares?" looks at the levels of HIV/AIDS commitment and care - in the international community, in Africa and inSouth Africa. It askes the question "Who cares?" both in the sense of how we should think about care and commitment, and whether - beyond the rhetoric - we care at all."Who cares?" is largely a reflective document - one that will stir discussion, challenge and response.

  9. The social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS on families with adolescents and children in Cambodia

    Cambodia is among the countries most severely affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. In 2003, an estimated 123,100 adults in Cambodia were living with HIV/AIDS and 60,000 children were affected by HIV/AIDS. In responding to the epidemic, donors, policymakers, and program planners have had little country-specific information regarding the impact of HIV/AIDS and the effectiveness of interventions, impeding their ability to make decisions regarding resource allocation and program design. …

  10. The effect of HIV/AIDS on educational attainment

    Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.

  11. Predicting the social consequences of orphanhood in South Africa

    This paper examines and questions the predictions found in the academic and policy literature of social breakdown in Southern Africa in the wake of anticipated high rates of orphanhood caused by the AIDS epidemic. Analysis of the logic underlying these predictions reveals four causal relationships necessary to fulfil such dramatic and apocalyptic predictions:1. High AIDS mortality rates will produce high numbers of orphans.2. These orphans will become children who do not live in appropriate social environments to equip them for adult citizenship.3. …

  12. Orphanhood and schooling in South Africa: trends in the vulnerability of orphans between 1993 and 2005

    Using eleven nationally representative surveys conducted between 1993 and 2005 this paper assesses the extent to which the vulnerability of orphans to poorer educational outcomes has changed over time as the AIDS crisis deepens in South Africa. This paper seeks to establish whether the fear that extended families are no longer effective safety nets may be overstated or whether traditional coping strategies are indeed breaking down. Patterns of care giving for orphans do appear to be shifting over time but these changes are taking place within the extended family safety net. …

  13. HIV/AIDS and Children in the Sangli District of Maharashtra (India)

    This study sets out to assess the impact of an adult HIV/AIDS-related death on the household in general and children in particular. A comparative study of the three types of household was conducted in the Sangli district. The study found that where an active adult dies from HIV/AIDS, there is a severe negative effect on the household.This study clearly points out a need for a comprehensive response to HIV/AIDS, which includes efforts to reduce discrimination at all levels.

  14. HIV/AIDS: What about very young children?

    Young children impacted by HIV/AIDS often seem to be almost invisible in the wider HIV/AIDS field. Yet no affected group is more vulnerable, more deserving or has greater potential to benefit from proper programming. The third in a dedicated sub-series of working papers devoted to young children and HIV/AIDS, this paper presents the results of research into the question of how to include very young children in programming and policy responses in HIV/AIDS affected communities.

  15. Comfort and hope: six case studies on mobilizing family and community care for and by people with HIV/AIDS

    One of the case studies documents the experiences in Thailand. This report provides food for thought for other existing projects and useful advice for people who are planning to create their own projects.

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