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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Counting Carers: How to improve data collection and information on households affected by AIDS and reduce the poverty of carers, people living with HIV and vulnerable children

    This report aims to guide governments, NGOs and others working to improve data collection and analysis on households affected by AIDS. It identifies the limits of existing data and suggests how this may be further analysed to produce better information and what future surveys might include.

  2. Families and children affected by HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable children in Papua New Guinea: a national situation analysis

    This study provides an overview of the situation of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS, and of other vulnerable children. Its purpose is to assist the Government, civil society organisations and development partners in the development of policies and programmes for on-going support, and in the monitoring of community-based assistance to families and children affected by HIV/AIDS. The study is a joint project of the Department for Community Development and the National AIDS Council, supported by civil society organisations and UNICEF.

  3. Toolkit for positive change: providing family-focused results-driven and cost-effective programming for orphans and vulnerable children

    The Positive Change: Children, Communities and Care (PC3) Program is a five-year (2004-2009) integrated and comprehensive program designed to provide care and support to more than half a million orphaned and vulnerable children and their families throughout the country of Ethiopia. The Program emphasizes community-based, results-oriented, and family-focused efforts which reduce the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on children, families and communities and increases capacity of local organizations and communities to positively respond to the needs of OVC. …

  4. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  5. Cambodian household male behavioral surveillance survey, IV 2000

    The objectives of the BSS IV are to: describe sexual behaviour of general population of Cambodian men; compare risk for HIV/AIDS between urban and rural Cambodian men; and compare male sentinel groups to general population.

  6. The social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS on families with adolescents and children in Cambodia

    Cambodia is among the countries most severely affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia. In 2003, an estimated 123,100 adults in Cambodia were living with HIV/AIDS and 60,000 children were affected by HIV/AIDS. In responding to the epidemic, donors, policymakers, and program planners have had little country-specific information regarding the impact of HIV/AIDS and the effectiveness of interventions, impeding their ability to make decisions regarding resource allocation and program design. …

  7. Predicting the social consequences of orphanhood in South Africa

    This paper examines and questions the predictions found in the academic and policy literature of social breakdown in Southern Africa in the wake of anticipated high rates of orphanhood caused by the AIDS epidemic. Analysis of the logic underlying these predictions reveals four causal relationships necessary to fulfil such dramatic and apocalyptic predictions:1. High AIDS mortality rates will produce high numbers of orphans.2. These orphans will become children who do not live in appropriate social environments to equip them for adult citizenship.3. …

  8. Orphanhood and schooling in South Africa: trends in the vulnerability of orphans between 1993 and 2005

    Using eleven nationally representative surveys conducted between 1993 and 2005 this paper assesses the extent to which the vulnerability of orphans to poorer educational outcomes has changed over time as the AIDS crisis deepens in South Africa. This paper seeks to establish whether the fear that extended families are no longer effective safety nets may be overstated or whether traditional coping strategies are indeed breaking down. Patterns of care giving for orphans do appear to be shifting over time but these changes are taking place within the extended family safety net. …

  9. HIV/AIDS and Children in the Sangli District of Maharashtra (India)

    This study sets out to assess the impact of an adult HIV/AIDS-related death on the household in general and children in particular. A comparative study of the three types of household was conducted in the Sangli district. The study found that where an active adult dies from HIV/AIDS, there is a severe negative effect on the household.This study clearly points out a need for a comprehensive response to HIV/AIDS, which includes efforts to reduce discrimination at all levels.

  10. Comfort and hope: six case studies on mobilizing family and community care for and by people with HIV/AIDS

    One of the case studies documents the experiences in Thailand. This report provides food for thought for other existing projects and useful advice for people who are planning to create their own projects.

  11. Children in Distress: The AIDS Legacy of Orphans and Vulnerable Children

    This document outlines the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic that has plunged millions of children into orphanhood and poverty. It also discusses how families and communities are coping and puts forward structures for responding to the crisis.

  12. Africa's orphaned generations

    The HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa has already orphaned a generation of children - and now seems set to orphan generations more.Today, over 11 million children under the age of 15 living in sub-Saharan Africa have been robbed of one or both parents by HIV/AIDS. Seven years from now, the number is expected tp have grown to 20 million. At that point, anywhere from 15 per cent to over 25 per cent of the children in a dozen sub-Saharan African countries will be orphans - the vast majority of them will have been orphaned by HIV/AIDS. …

  13. A Family is for a Lifetime: A discussion of the need for family care for children impacted by HIV/AIDS

    Part 1 of the document discusses the need for family care of children impacted by HIV/AIDS by looking at the universal standards of care, poverty, national policy and donor education. The document acknowledges the fact that there is no ideal solution to losing a parent but only better or worse alternatives and further says that the response to such loss matters a great deal to separated and orphaned children. Part 2 of the document contains an annotated bibliography on children without parental care.

  14. (Over) extended. AIDS Review 2003

    Review 2003 asks the question: how does the epidemic impact on families and the personal relationships between family members - between partners, between husbands and wives, between parents and their children and between siblings? …

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