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Only one in every eight households containing orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in African countries received any support from an external source (UNICEF, 2008). This is a reflection of how governments, both rich and poor, have ignored obligations ratified in conventions to ensure the social protection of vulnerable children (United Nations, 1989). Consequently, a disproportionate proportion of the financial burden of care of vulnerable children is borne by affected families and communities. …
The Government of Papua New Guinea is committed to the protection, care and support of children vulnerable to violence, abuse, exploitation and neglect. The HIV epidemic in Papua New Guinea is not only challenging the situation for children and their protection, but also necessitates an urgent and comprehensive response. This strategy provides a clear example of this commitment. …
This paper's main aim is to synthesize recent existing evidence and outline the key messages that will improve understanding of the situation of children affected by HIV and AIDS. It is intended to stimulate a wider dialogue among policymakers, practitioners, researchers and donors.
Developing effective interventions to mitigate the devastation of HIV/AIDS causes among children and families requires giving careful attention to both ends of the epidemic's spectrum of impacts. It is vitally important to understand the problems on a human scale, what happens to parents, children, and orphans' guardians. But this perspective, by itself, is not adequate to guide a strategic response to these problems. It is also essential to keep in mind the magnitude and scale of the HIV/AIDS pandemic and its collective impacts.
This document begins by summarising the health and social problems of children living in a world of HIV/AIDS.The international response to the need of care sysytems for children affected by HIV/AIDS is also described. Other issues such as strategy development and systems design are explored.
This article discusses the importance of situation analysis in the process of formulating interventions for children and families affected by HIV/AIDS. The argument is that for interventions to be effective and resources to be well used, it is essential that interventions are developed with a clear understanding of the factors which are most significant and how they relate to each other in causing or mitigating problems. It is well argued how situation analysis and ongoing monitoring are essental to planning and implementing effective interventions.