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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. AIDS in the family and community: The impact on child health in Malawi

    Pediatric HIV infections jeopardize children’s health and survival. Much less is known about how the experiences of being orphaned, living with chronically ill parents, or living in a severely affected community impact child health. Our study responds by examining which HIV/AIDS-related experiences place children at greatest risk for poor health. …

  2. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  3. The effect of HIV/AIDS on educational attainment

    Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.

  4. Protecting the next generation in sub-saharan Africa: learning from adolescents to prevent HIV and unintended pregnancy

    This report presents key findings from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2004 among 12-19-year-olds in four African countries-Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi and Uganda-with the goal of guiding programs, policies and investments aimed at improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health. It is based on research conducted as part of a multiyear project, called Protecting the Next Generation: Understanding HIV Risk Among Youth. …

  5. Developing Interventions to Benefit Children and Families Affected by HIV/AIDS: A review of the COPE

    The purpose of this review is to evaluate the progress of the COPE Program implemented in Malawi in reponse to the needs of children and families affected by HIV/AIDS. COPE's main aim was to increase household income in recognition of the relationship between poverty and AIDS.The program had an elaborate management information system to measure needs as well as its activities and impacts.

  6. Developing a strategy to strengthen community capacity to assist HIV/AIDS-affected children and families: the COPE Program of Save the Children Federation in Malawi,

    The purpose of this report is to develop an intervention strategy that can be utilized by external change agents to mobilize sustainable, effective community action to mitigate the impacts of HIV/AIDS on children and families

  7. Community Based Orphan Assistance in Malawi: Demographic Crisis As Development Opportunity

    This report is a follow up activity resultant from the release on World AIDS Day of 'Children on the Brink'. Children on the Brink served as a wake up call for the international development community on the issue of children orphaned by AIDS as it portrays the scale and urgency of this demographic event in unprecedented fashion, a clear picture of the massive impact the pandemic will have on children, families, societies and economies in Sub-Saharan Africa through the first third of the next century. …

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