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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Assessing implementation of Botswana's program for orphans and vulnerable children

    Botswana's 2008 National Guidelines on the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children define a vulnerable child as any child under the age of 18 years who lives in an abusive environment, a poverty-stricken family unable to access basic services, or a child-headed household; a child who lives with sick parents or outside family care; or who is HIV positive. Due to challenges in creating an effective response that corresponds to this broad definition, there are no available estimates of the number of children rendered vulnerable as a result of HIV, poverty, and other causes in Botswana. …

  2. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  3. AIDS-related parental loss: does the age when the trauma occurs matter?

    The purpose of this paper is to use data from the Kagera region of northwestern Tanzania to investigate the long run impact of the timing of parental death on the education outcomes. …

  4. The effect of HIV/AIDS on educational attainment

    Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.

  5. Protecting the rights of young children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS in Africa: updating strategies and reinforcing existing networks

    The international workshop "Protecting the rights of young children affected and infected by HIV/AIDS in Africa: Updating strategies and reinforcing existing networks" took place in UNESCO Headquarters co-organized by UNESCO and the Early Childhood Development Network for Africa (ECDNA) bringing together representatives of early childhood development NGOs, institutions and UN organizations working in Africa on issues of young children and HIV/AIDS, to identify strategies, lines of action and innovative approaches to respond to the needs of young children faced by the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

  6. Protecting the next generation in sub-saharan Africa: learning from adolescents to prevent HIV and unintended pregnancy

    This report presents key findings from nationally representative surveys conducted in 2004 among 12-19-year-olds in four African countries-Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi and Uganda-with the goal of guiding programs, policies and investments aimed at improving adolescent sexual and reproductive health. It is based on research conducted as part of a multiyear project, called Protecting the Next Generation: Understanding HIV Risk Among Youth. …

  7. Numbers and the AIDS Effect

    Report assesses impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector, addressing both the current situation and what can be expected: fewer school enrolments, decreased teacher supply, increased health costs straining governments and families. Initial steps for preventive action to combat these hardships are then outlined.

  8. Mitigating the Impact of the Epidemic on Development. Responding to the socio-economic impact of the HIV epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa: Why a systems approach is needed. The HIV Epidemic and the Education Sector in sub-Saharan Africa

    Analyses and responses to the HIV epidemic remain rooted in a mind set which while it was relevant 5 or more years ago may no longer be so. Or at least what is written, said, thought and done about the development implications of the HIV epidemic are no longer sufficient. There is still a lack of clarity about the ways in which development affects the course of the HIV epidemic, such as the role of poverty in transmission of the virus and how families cope with the poverty caused by illness and death. …

  9. Widening the 'Window of Hope': Using food aid to improve access to education for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan

    Ce document examine les problèmes et les contraintes liés à une programmation de l'aide alimentaire visant à améliorer l'accès des orphelins et des autres enfants vulnérables à l'éducation. Ses principales parties sont les suivantes: une introduction présentant quelques-unes des difficultés qui existent lorsque l'on s'occupe de la situation des orphelins et des enfants vulnérables sur le plan de l'éducation; une description des caractéristiques des orphelins et des enfants vulnérables, y compris l'endroit où ils vivent et les défis qu'ils doivent relever; l'impact du VIH et du SIDA sur le secteur éducatif; des considérations importantes pour l'action du PAM; les interventions d'ordre alimentaire et non-alimentaire possibles pour améliorer l'accès des enfants à l'éducation, aider leurs familles et renforcer la qualité du service fourni par ceux qui s'occupent des enfants malades du SIDA et de leur éducation; et enfin, une conclusion.

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