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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The national HIV and AIDS stigma and discrimination index: summary report

    The National HIV and AIDS Stigma and Discrimination Study, was a cross-sectional survey which collected data from the 47 counties, grouped into 30 clusters selected based on observed regional variations in HIV prevalence, socio-cultural and economic characteristics. The stigma study, targeted the general population, key populations as well as PLHIV is a compilation of the thoughts and attitudes regarding HIV, and, far too frequently, painful experiences of people living with HIV.

  2. AIDS in the family and community: The impact on child health in Malawi

    Pediatric HIV infections jeopardize children’s health and survival. Much less is known about how the experiences of being orphaned, living with chronically ill parents, or living in a severely affected community impact child health. Our study responds by examining which HIV/AIDS-related experiences place children at greatest risk for poor health. …

  3. Social protection and cash transfers to strengthen families affected by HIV and AIDS

    Based on a review of over 300 documents, this monograph examines how social protection can be used to protect children and families affected by HIV and AIDS. It reviews evidence on the impacts of 10 unconditional cash transfer (UCT) programs in southern and East Africa and 10 conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs in Latin America. …

  4. Social cash transfers to support children and families affected by HIV/AIDS

    In response to the critical need of affected children and families, the compelling evidence for their benefits, and the receptive environment on the part of governments and donors, several local and international organizations are piloting cash transfers programmes as a mechanism to mitigate the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on affected communities in sub- Saharan Africa. Few programmes, however, are conceptualized or implemented within a broader framework of social protection, socioeconomic development or human rights. …

  5. Out of sight, out of mind? Children affected by HIV/AIDS and community responses

    The situation of millions of children whose lives continue to be blighted by the impacts of HIV/AIDS seems still to be 'under the radar' of national and global policymakers (Foster, 2005). Sub-Saharan Africa has two-thirds of all people living with HIV worldwide, but is home to over three-quarters of children orphaned by AIDS and to a staggering 91% of all new pediatric infections. Infants and children are considerably less likely to receive lifesaving antiretroviral treatment (ART) than adults (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, 2009). …

  6. The psychological effect of orphanhood in a matured HIV epidemic: an analysis of young people in Mukono, Uganda

    As the HIV pandemic progresses, the number of orphans is expected to rise. Uganda is one of the countries that has been most impacted by the pandemic. A few studies have explored the effects of orphanhood on psychological well-being; however, most of these studies have not explored potential pathways through which orphanhood could affect psychological well-being. Using a school-based sample, this study sought to examine the differences in depressive symptoms and hopelessness between orphans and non-orphans in Mukono District, Uganda. …

  7. Rethinking HIV/AIDS in South Africa: has the response been overmedicalized?

    This paper examines the potential impact of HIV/AIDS on different levels of South African society (individual, household, and national) over time. Using differences in demographic projections to guide the analysis, the prospective implications of HIV/AIDS on households, society, economy and nation are discussed and issues that could influence or mitigate those possible impacts are examined. …

  8. Study of Family Planning and HIV Integrated Services in Five Countries

    In the past several years, there has been a growing international dialogue on the feasibility and desirability of providing integrated family planning (FP) and HIV services. The reasons for offering joint, complementary services are many. Adding FP services to counseling and testing might provide an opportunity to reach populations that do not typically attend FP clinics, such as the sexually active young and unmarried, men, and members of high-risk groups such as sex workers. …

  9. Best practices in HIV and AIDS

    The five year National HIV & AIDS Strategic Plan (NSP)-(2007/08 - 2011/12) sets priorities for three thematic service areas: Prevention; Care and Treatment; and Social Support. Coordination of partners' contributions to the national response to HIV&AIDS epidemic is through 12 Self Coordinating Entities (SCEs) of which the International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGO) is part. The goal for the INGO-SCE is to facilitate a well co-coordinated response to HIV&AIDS and improve national capacity to address the pandemic effectively in and outside Uganda. …

  10. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems for Families and Children Impacted by HIV/AIDS: Four Program Case Studies from Kenya and Rwanda

    This document describes four family and community-centered approaches to caring for and treating HIV-affected children and households, three in Rwanda and one in Kenya. The four projects described all share a common commitment to delivery of care in the community rather than limiting provision of care to health facilities. …

  11. Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine

    Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine is a document developed by EngenderHealth with the support of UNFPA. This research identified some interesting trends across the three countries and some issues unique to each setting that need to be considered in strategic planning efforts to improve HIV-positive women's and adolescent girl's access and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services. …

  12. Strategy for the integration of family planning and HIV voluntary counselling and testing services

    The overall goal of this strategy is to assist the National AIDS and STD Control Programme and the Division of Reproductive Health of the Ministry of Health in maximising the opportunities provided by VCT and FP services to reach women, men, and couples with these services, using a more cost-effective and sustainable approach. The purpose of this strategy is to increase and sustain the support, demand, access, and utilisation of high-quality VCT and FP services offered through both the public and private sectors.

  13. Como Edificar a Resiliência das Crianças Afectadas por HIV e SIDA

    Como Edificar a Resiliência das Crianças Afectadas por HIV e SIDA esta um manual elaborado por Irmã Silke-Andrea Mallman com a colaboração da Ação Católica de Apoio ao AIDS, Maskew Miller Longman e UNESCO em 2004. Não é necessário que as crianças adoeçam ou que sejam infectadas pelo vírus de HIV para que também sejam afectadas pelas suas consequências. O documento é um guia prático destinado a ajudar a crianças afectadas pelos HIV e AIDS a edificar a sua própria resiliência e equipá-las para melhor controlarem o seu próprio destino. …

  14. Plan stratégique national de lutte contre les IST/VIH/SIDA 2008-2012 [Union des Comores]

    Malgré la faible prévalence VIH des Comores, les autorités nationales placent le SIDA au premier rang des préoccupations du Gouvernement. Le présent document est le fruit d'un travail collectif mené dans le pays, pour constituer la base de références pendant cinq ans des stratégies à mettre en oeuvre par le PNLS (Programme National de Lutte contre le Sida) de manière multisectorielle sur les trois îles, afin de préserver la nation d'une progression de l'épidémie VIH/SIDA, en le maintenant dans la catégorie des pays à faible prévalence. …

  15. Revue du cadre stratégique national 2003-2007

    La revue participative du Cadre Stratégique National 2003-2007 et du Cadre Institutionnel et de Gouvernance de la riposte nationale au VIH en République de Guinée marque le début du processus de planification stratégique pour la période 2008-2012. Première phase du processus de planification stratégique, elle s'est déroulée dans la période du 25 juillet au 30 septembre 2007. Le bilan des réalisations de la période 2003-2007 est largement positif en matière de lutte contre le VIH en Guinée, malgré un contexte sociopolitique difficile. La présente revue s'est voulue exhaustive. …

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