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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. State of world population 2018: the power of choice: reproductive rights and the demographic transition

    The global trend towards smaller families is a reflection of people making reproductive choices to have as few or as many children as they want, when they want. When people lack choice, it can have a long-term impact on fertility rates, often making them higher or lower than what most people desire.

  2. Accelerating progress toward the reduction of adolescent pregnancy in Latin America and the Caribbean: Report of a technical consultation

    This report summarizes the key discussions and recommendations emanating from the meeting, which can be used collectively as a “Call to Action” as well as a tool for regional stakeholders including national health, education, and social sector authorities and programs, regional partners, civil society, communities, parents, and young people, to intensify efforts, revise and update strategies, and scale up approaches that: 1) empower adolescent girls to prevent unplanned and unwanted pregnancies, 2) protect them from sexual violence, 3) improve their development opportunities, and 4) help them  …

  3. Understanding teenage fertility, cohabitation, and marriage: the case of Peru

    This paper intends to contribute to the economic literature that investigates the origins of teenage pregnancy and early marriage/co habitation in Peru and to improve understanding of the risk factors of one important gender-related issue that has historically provoked asymmetric costs for boys and girls. …

  4. Fertility levels, trends, and differentials 1995-1999

    The report shows fertility rates, trends, and differentials for 43 countries. Eight types of measures are presented including total anf age-specific fertility rates, general and crude birth rates, the mean number of children born of women, total marital fertility rates and marital duration fertility rates, age at first birth, parity progression ratios, and birth intervals. These indicators are presented for the total country and by women's residence, education, work status, and migration status, and by the education and occupation of their husband.

  5. Completing the demographic transition in developing countries

    This paper reviews the status of the demographic transition worldwide, discusses factors associated with fertility decline, and highlights challenges associated with completing the transition in developing countries. It is intended to help policymakers both here and abroad to better understand the need for continued efforts to reduce fertility and population growth rates, even in the wake of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  6. Fertility awareness and sexuality education for high school students

    The sheet highlights the CEMOPLAF project in Ecuador. It covers fertility awareness and sexuality education for high school students. It summarizes the programme design and implementation, programme evaluation, and programme impact at the institutional level.

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