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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Vaincre l’épidémie mondiale de sida par des investissements innovants

    La présidence française du G20 a inscrit à l’ordre du jour la question des financements innovants alors que les discussions de haut niveau se multiplient sur la mise en œuvre d’une taxe sur les transactions financières. Ce mécanisme constitue une opportunité réelle pour la communauté internationale d’assumer ses responsabilités et de garantir l’accès universel au traitement antirétroviral promis pour 2015. …

  2. Financing the response to HIV in low- and middle-income countries: International assIstance from donor governments in 2012

    The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the Kaiser Family Foundation have been tracking bilateral donor government assistance for HIV in low- and middle-income countries as well as contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and to UNITAID by the 24 donor government members of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development's Assistance Committee (DAC) since 2002 and this report presents the most recent data available. …

  3. Can money prevent the spread of HIV? A review of cash payments for HIV prevention

    Cash payments to improve health outcomes have been used for many years; however, their use for HIV prevention is new and the impact not yet well understood. We provide a brief background on the rationale behind using cash to improve health outcomes, review current studies completed or underway using cash for prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, and outline some key considerations on the use of cash payments to prevent HIV infections. We searched the literature for studies that implemented cash transfer programs and measured HIV or HIV-related outcomes. …

  4. The ABC's of HIV prevention: education in Uganda and Côte d'Ivoire

    Abstince-only education programs in the United States have been controversial since their inception in 1981 because of their lack of efficacy and because of the sexualities and behaviors that they promulgate. Barack Obama's 2010 budget eliminates federal funding for abstinence-only education programs in the US; however, the outline of his five-year strategy for the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) does not indicate whether the US government will continue to mandate abstinence-only education in so-called "focus countries", primarily in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  5. Social cash transfers to support children and families affected by HIV/AIDS

    In response to the critical need of affected children and families, the compelling evidence for their benefits, and the receptive environment on the part of governments and donors, several local and international organizations are piloting cash transfers programmes as a mechanism to mitigate the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on affected communities in sub- Saharan Africa. Few programmes, however, are conceptualized or implemented within a broader framework of social protection, socioeconomic development or human rights. …

  6. AIDS is Money: how donor preferences reconfigure local realities

    There is growing concern that the global response to AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is compromising the region's human development more broadly. Through a case study of Malawi, I examine the impact of AIDS prioritization by international donors on the country's NGOs and analyze why AIDS wields such influence on development work. In the last 20 years the Malawian NGO sector has evolved to favor AIDS above all else. AIDS has come to possess prestige and legitimacy that other development sectors are denied. …

  7. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    The US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) was reauthorized in June 2008 with a threefold increase in funds, and a broader, more explicit mandate to improve health in the low- and middle-income countries that it funded. However, the ability of a disease-specific, or vertical, programme to have a spill-over effect and improve health outcomes has been questioned. …

  8. External resources for vulnerable children flowing through community level initiatives: the experiences, concerns and suggestions of initiative leaders and caregivers in Uganda

    Despite significant policy commitments to external resources reaching vulnerable children through communities, little information is available on what happens to these resources particularly as they enter, and flow through, the community. This study explored the related experiences, concerns and suggestions of two critical groups of stakeholders, whose voices are rarely heard: leaders of community initiatives and caregivers. …

  9. Kenya's cash transfer program: protecting the health and human rights of orphans and vulnerable children

    In Kenya, as in other countries of sub-Saharan Africa heavily burdened by HIV/ AIDS, orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) face poverty and despair. There is an urgent need to provide a comprehensive response that supports families and communities in their efforts to care for children and safeguard their rights. The government of Kenya has established a cash transfer program that delivers financial and social support directly to the poorest households containing OVC, with special concern for those children with or affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  10. Resource needs for an expanded HIV response: HIV costing and modeling tools

    The Resource Needs Model (RNM) is an Excel-based tool used to calculate the total resources needed at national and decentralized levels for HIV-related prevention and care, as well as support for orphans and vulnerable children. The RNM can help inform national- and district-level budgeting and strategic planning efforts; it estimates: the resources needed for interventions that aim to achieve expected coverage of a particular population using default unit costs; and resource implications of extending interventions and coverage and introducing unit cost changes.

  11. A costing analysis of selected orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) programs in Botswana

    The number of children under the age of 18 in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) who have lost one or both parents to AIDS has increased dramatically in the last five years. The number of children orphaned by AIDS in SSA is estimated to be around 12 million (UNICEF, 2006). Many more children live with one or more chronically ill or dying parents and or live in poverty stricken and food insecure households. …

  12. Costing of Tanzania's national multi-sectoral strategic framework (NMSF) on HIV and AIDS 2008-2012 process report

    The report covers the costing of the National Multi-Sectoral Framework (2008-2012) under four themes namely; enabling environment; care, treatment and support, prevention and impact mitigation including monitoring, evaluation and research; organizational and institutional arrangements of the implementation of the national response at central, regional and LGAs levels; financial, human and technical resource framework of the response; and operationalization and implementations of the strategic framework.

  13. Zambia national AIDS spending assessment for 2005 and 2006

    In recent years, Zambia has seen a dramatic increase in financial resources dedicated to HIV and AIDS activities. Despite this rapid escalation in HIV/AIDS funds, or perhaps because of it, it has become increasingly challenging to track sources of funding and spending patterns across the multiple public and non-government stakeholders. Without a good understanding of such funding flows, it has become difficult to assess where there are gaps in resources relative to Zambia's needs, and whether some areas are receiving too little or too much funding. …

  14. Lesotho national AIDS spending assessment (NASA) for the period 2005/06-2007/08

    The National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) is a tool designed to track the HIV and AIDS financial flows and actual expenditure at a country level. In essence, this systematic methodology captures all HIV expenditures, namely, health and non-health expenditures such as social mitigation, education, labour, justice and sectors related to HIV and AIDS. …

  15. The long run costs and financing of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia

    An international exercise, called aids2031, has been carried out by a consortium of partners to help assess the long run trajectory of HIV/AIDS, what can be done to reduce the number of new cases of HIV, and how countries will be able to finance the measures they need to address HIV/AIDS in the future at lower costs and in more effective, efficient, and sustainable ways than they do now. aids2031 focuses on how the nature of the epidemic can be changed between now and 2031, fifty years after AIDS was first reported. …

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