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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Educating girls: Creating a foundation for positive sexual and reproductive health behaviors

    Investments that promote keeping girls in school, particularly in secondary school, have far-reaching and long-term health and development benefits for individuals, families, and communities. The purpose of this brief is to describe the relationship of girls’ education on family planning and reproductive health and behaviors; highlight evidence-based practices that increase girls’ enrollment, retention, and participation in school; and provide recommendations for how the health sector can support keeping girls in school.

  2. South Africa’s response to orphans and vulnerable children: A literature review

    This literature review sought to understand how the South African Education Department and its stakeholders have responded to the plight of OVC.

  3. Can money prevent the spread of HIV? A review of cash payments for HIV prevention

    Cash payments to improve health outcomes have been used for many years; however, their use for HIV prevention is new and the impact not yet well understood. We provide a brief background on the rationale behind using cash to improve health outcomes, review current studies completed or underway using cash for prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, and outline some key considerations on the use of cash payments to prevent HIV infections. We searched the literature for studies that implemented cash transfer programs and measured HIV or HIV-related outcomes. …

  4. Assessing Costing and Prioritization in National AIDS Strategic Plans

    This background paper examines costing practices, cost-effectiveness data and prioritization processes in national HIV/AIDS strategic plans. The first section is a literature review on costing and prioritization in the first generation of national strategic plans (NSPs). The second section uses the World Bank AIDS Strategy and Action Plan's Self-Assessment Tool Guidelines for costing and prioritization to provide a detailed assessment of seven current-generation NSP documents. Through a simple scoring scale, patterns across these documents become evident. …

  5. Reducing adolescent girls' vulnerability to HIV infection: examining microfinance and sustainable livelihood approaches. A literature and program review

    Increasing women's access to income and productive resources is one of the five priority gender strategies of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (Emergency Plan) (PL 108-25). Part 1 of this literature and program review focuses on youth-centered programs to prevent HIV infection among vulnerable female adolescents - including microfinance (MF) and sustainable livelihood programs. Part 2 analyzes the relationship between microfinance and HIV prevention in the general population, with a focus on women and the oldest adolescents in the target group. …

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