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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Key findings from the Botswana HIV information needs assessment

    This programme, which is part of the Southern Africa HIV Knowledge Management Initiative, aims to increase the dissemination and use of accurate, evidence-based, and up-to-date information in order to improve HIV prevention in the region. The objectives of the 2009 Botswana needs assessment were to : explore current HIV knowledge management systems and resources at the national and regional levels; Identify areas for improvement; Contribute to an analysis of future opportunities and directions for the regional knowledge management initiative; HIV prevention was a special focus.

  2. The RESPECT study: evaluating conditional cash transfers for HIV/STI prevention in Tanzania

    The RESPECT (Rewarding STI Prevention and Control in Tanzania) study is a randomized controlled trial testing the hypothesis that a system of rapid feedback and positive reinforcement using cash as the primary incentive can be used to reduce risky sexual activity among young people, male and female, who are at high risk of HIV infection. Results indicate that financial incentives - conditional cash transfers paid if the study participants remained negative for a set of curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - could be an effective prevention tool for STIs and possibly HIV.

  3. Lesotho national AIDS spending assessment (NASA) for the period 2005/06-2007/08

    The National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) is a tool designed to track the HIV and AIDS financial flows and actual expenditure at a country level. In essence, this systematic methodology captures all HIV expenditures, namely, health and non-health expenditures such as social mitigation, education, labour, justice and sectors related to HIV and AIDS. …

  4. UNDP/World Bank/UNAIDS Programme on Mainstreaming AIDS into National Development Plans and Processes: Rounds 1 and 2, a Review of Experiences (2007-2008)

    The purpose of this report is to document the progress made by countries participating in the Mainstreaming Programme in the second and third years of the programme. It is intended as a knowledge-sharing document to facilitate the exchange of practical experiences in HIV mainstreaming, as well as a programming report to facilitate monitoring and future evaluations of the Mainstreaming Programme. …

  5. USAID expanded response to HIV/AIDS

    This report describes USAID's HIV/AIDS program, and details how increased HIV/AIDS budget allows scaling up response to the pandemic. A plan has been launched and will accelerate the implementation of Expanded Response strategy and maximize its impact. Actions take place in more than 50 countries around the world. 23 priority countries are focused. New plan gets more money to the field to scale up prevention, care and treatment programs and to support children affected by AIDS. Staff levels have been increased by reassigning technical staff and hiring additional personnel. …

  6. National HIV/AIDS policy review report: report of desk review and stakeholders' interaction

    The purpose of the national policy review is to enable the Federal Government and its key partners to address the following: highlight success stories of the Policy implementation as well as challenges encountered while providing priority recommendations; examine the Policy with a view to determine its appropriateness and adequacy in addressing all HIV/AIDS related Policy issues; determine if the Policy requires updating vis-a-vis emerging issues; determine the gender appropriateness of the Policy; address the recurring issues around the inadequate dissemination of the first document.

  7. Government's social development response to children made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS: Identifying gaps in policy and budgeting

    According to figures released by the Department of Health of South Africa in 2005, an estimated 6.29-6.57 million people were HIV positive in 2004. South Africa is home to approximately 17.7 million children. HIV/AIDS produces and compounds different forms of vulnerability among children. First, children are being made directly vulnerable by infection (mostly caused by mother to child transmission) and related ill-health. The number and proportion of infections due to child abuse is increasing. Secondly, HIV/AIDS is causing vulnerability among children by leaving them orphaned. …

  8. An audit of HIV/AIDS policies in Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe

    Prior to this report, little scientific documentation existed on HIV/AIDS policies, legislation, financing and programme implementation in Southern African Development Community countries. This study reviews the HIV/AIDS policy and related issues in six southern African countries and provides recommendations on how best to strengthen policy in these areas.

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