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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Experimental evaluation of school-based HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa

    School-based adolescent health education programs represent a durable strategy in reducing the spread of HIV because they can leverage pre-existing social and organizational structures to reach large fractions of students at critical life stages. Many evaluations of school-based HIV programs draw on multilevel study designs that assign schools to treatment conditions or assign students to treatment conditions within blocks defined by school membership. …

  2. Sexuality education in Australian secondary schools 2010. Results of the 1st national survey of Australian secondary teachers of sexuality education

    The 1st National Survey of Secondary Teachers of Sexuality Education involved nearly 300 secondary school teachers from every jurisdiction in Australia including government, Catholic and independent schools. The key findings are arranged under the themes of teaching workforce, the content of sexuality education, barriers and support, teachers’ views and opinions and school policy requirements.

  3. Reproductive health programs for young adults: school-based programs

    There is an urgent need for the global community to act on the preceding principles and recommendations. Currently comprising more than 1.5 billion people, young adults, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as those individuals aged 10 to 24, face considerable threats to their reproductive health. …

  4. Increased sexual abstinence among in-school adolescents as a result of school health education in Soroti district, Uganda

    A health education program conducted in primary schools in Soroti district, Uganda promoted increased access to information, better peer interactions and better quality of the health education system. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among students in their final year of primary school (average age 14 years) at baseline and two years after introduction of the intervention. The percentage of sexually active students decreased from 42.9% (123 out of 287) to 11.1% (31 out of 280) in the intervention arm, while no changes were observed in the control arm. …

  5. Adolescents' reports of reproductive health education, 1988 and 1995

    This study used formal reproductive health education and communication with parents on reproductive health among 15-19 year old males from the National Survey of Adolescent Males (1988 and 1995). Female adolescent reports were taken from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. During this period, reproductive health education became almost universal among adolescent males. The percentage of males receiving information on HIV and AIDS rose from 73% to 97% and percentage receiving instruction on saying no to sex rose from 58% to 75%. Those who dropped out of school received less education. …

  6. Addressing HIV/AIDS through School-based Education Programs

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the political feasibility and the institutional readiness and potential for integration of AIDS educational program in the school curricula in Armenia, and to provide sound recommendation for effective integration of HIV/AIDS education into comprehensive school health education. Because HIV is transmitted primarily by behavior that can be modified (unprotected sexual intercourse and intravenous drug use) educational programs designed to influence appropriate behavior can be effective in controlling the epidemic in Armenia. …

  7. L'éducation à la santé et à la sexualité à l'école et au collège

    L'ecole contribue de manière spécfique à l'éducation à la santé et à la sexualité des jeunes, Des instructions officielles en ont défini les orientations. Une étude realisée en 2001-2002 auprès de chefs d'établissement, enseignants, et personnels de santé et de service social, confirme que l'éducation à la santé et à la sexualité ne constitue pas une discipline à part, mais se développe à travers les enseignements et la vie scolaire. A l'école, elle a plutôt pour objectif d'informer et de sensibiliser, au collège de prévenir les risques en matière de sexualité. …

  8. Addressing the needs of young adolescents

    Worldwide, nearly 10 percent of people are ages 10 to 14, and in developing countries, the percentage is often higher (e.g., Uganda, 16 percent).1 Early adolescence marks a critical time of physical, developmental, and social changes. Interventions during early adolescence may be more effective in shaping healthy attitudes and behaviors than in late adolescence, when attitudes and behaviors are more established. Young adolescents are also more likely to still be in school and less likely to have begun sexual activity.

  9. What they don't know can hurt them : how school-based reproductive health programmes can help adolescents lead healthy reproductive lives

    This monograph is intended to help parents, educators and policy makers understand the relevance of reproductive health, why adolescents need information on reproductive health, the importance of reproductive health in schools and how schools can best implement reproductive health activities. The manual comprises 6 sections covering different areas. …

  10. School health and nutrition: A situation analysis. A participatory approach to building programmes that promote health, nutrition and learning in schools

    This document discusses the goal of a situation analysis which is to guide the design and evaluation of school-based health and nutrition programmes. The approach outlined is not exhaustive and is likely to have particular sources and types of information that are relevant to a given country or situation.

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