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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexuality education. Policy brief number 4

    Policy brief No. 4 ‘Why should sexuality education be delivered in school-based settings?’ addresses basic principles of and necessary linkages for efficient, high-quality school-based sexuality education. It illustrates the conditions under which sexuality education in schools in Europe and Central Asia can be successfully implemented.

  2. School-based relationships and sexuality education (RSE): lessons for policy and practice

    There is clear evidence that school-based sex education programmes can improve sexual health outcomes. Women who have experienced sex education in schools are less likely to have experienced rape, abortion or distress about sex. Many factors combine to affect health and sex education will not override the determinants of health in general. …

  3. National sexuality education framework

    The Ministry of Education and Sports (MoES) has developed this National Framework on Sexuality Education through wide consultations with a cross section of stakeholders. This framework seeks to create an over-arching national direction for providing young people with sexuality education in the formal education setting. …

  4. Challenges to implementing national comprehensive sexuality education curricula in low- and middle-income countries: case studies of Ghana, Kenya, Peru and Guatemala

    School-based comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) can help adolescents achieve their full potential and realize their sexual and reproductive health and rights. This is particularly pressing in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where high rates of unintended pregnancy and STIs among adolescents can limit countries’ ability to capitalize on the demographic dividend. While many LMICs have developed CSE curricula, their full implementation is often hindered by challenges around program planning and roll-out at the national and local level. …

  5. Standards for sexuality education in Europe: guidance for implementation

    The Guidance for the Implementation of the Standards for Sexuality Education in Europe outlines the process for developing a national school-based sexuality education programme and provides step-by-step guidance on how to introduce new or improve existing sexuality education programmes. The Guidance is designed to build on a curriculum framework as a model that maps out the process of developing a sexuality education programme using this framework. This model should be adapted to reflect national differences in the education sector. …

  6. An Orientation Workshop on International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education

    Considering the importance of CSE, the updated school curriculum has introduced it from basic education to high school education. Different universities also included CSE components in their programmes especially in faculty of education. The inclusion of CSE in curriculum is not sufficient to implement in the grass root level. It is equally important to aware the policy makers, supporting agencies and implementers for the effective implementation of the programme. …

  7. Sexuality education. Policy brief No. 1

    This policy brief provides an overview of key issues in sexuality education. It focuses primarily on sexuality education in Europe and Central Asia but is also relevant to countries outside of these regions.

  8. Everyone's right to know: delivering comprehensive sexuality education for all young people

    This report is intended to inform advocates and decision makers about how to support the sexual reproductive rights of young people around the world. It argues that comprehensive sexuality education is critical for young people to realize their rights. This report recommends that high quality comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) should be delivered to all young people, both inside and outside schools. …

  9. Inside and out: a comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) assessment tool

    The purpose of the Inside and Out assessment tool is: To review and assess the comprehensiveness and quality of sexuality education programmes both inside and outside school setting (especially programmes run by civil society) based on international evidence and standards of good practice; To generate data that can inform and guide the development, improvement or reform of sexuality education programmes; To assess the relevance of sexuality education programmes in relation to national health, demographic and other social criteria (notably gender); To inform debate and advocacy by generating da …

  10. Impact and cost-effectiveness analysis of the national school-based sexuality education programme in Estonia

    Policy-makers making decisions on the implementation of school-based sexuality education (SE) programmes face two important questions: (1) what are the costs of implementing and scaling up SE programmes, and (2) what are the impacts? This paper responds to these questions by retrospectively assessing costs, impact and cost-effectiveness of the national school-based SE programme in Estonia 1997–2009. The three-year curriculum had been taught to 190,000 students at the end of 2009. The cost of reaching one student was USD 32.90 and the total costs were USD 5.6 million. …

  11. Sex and relationships education fit for the 21st century: We need it now

    Evidence shows that good quality Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) helps young people develop and manage their emotional and physical well-being. While they can find out about sex and relationships in many ways – including from friends, TV programmes, magazines and the Internet – school SRE has an important role in presenting balanced, factually accurate and positive information that these other sources may not always provide.

  12. Comprehensive sexuality education: the challenges and opportunities of scaling-up

    This publication is part of an ongoing programme of work initiated by UNESCO in 2008 to provide technical guidance and implementation support for sexuality education programmes, as a platform for HIV prevention, treatment and care. It emphasizes the challenges and opportunities for scaling up comprehensive sexuality education in school settings. Building on indepth interviews with key informants involved in past and ongoing work on sexuality education, this publication provides conceptual and practical guidance on definitions and strategies for scaling-up. …

  13. School based sex education and HIV prevention in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Objectives: School-based sex education is a cornerstone of HIV prevention for adolescents who continue to bear a disproportionally high HIV burden globally. We systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed the existing evidence for schoolbased sex education interventions in low- and middle-income countries to determine the efficacy of these interventions in changing HIV-related knowledge and risk behaviors. Methods: We searched five electronic databases, PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, CINAHL, and Sociological Abstracts, for eligible articles. …

  14. The World Starts With Me: using intervention mapping for the systematic adaptation and transfer of schoolbased sexuality education from Uganda to Indonesia

    Evidence-based health promotion programmes, including HIV/AIDS prevention and sexuality education programmes, are often transferred to other cultures, priority groups and implementation settings. Challenges in this process include the identification of retaining core elements that relate to the programme’s effectiveness while making changes that enhances acceptance in the new context and for the new priority group. This paper describes the use of a systematic approach to programme adaptation using a case study as an example. …

  15. Efficacy of a theory-based abstinence-only intervention over 24 months: A randomized controlled trial with young adolescents

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of an abstinence-only intervention in preventing sexual involvement in young adolescents. Design:Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Urban public schools. Participants:A total of 662 African American students in grades 6 and 7. …

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