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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Experimental evaluation of school-based HIV programs in sub-Saharan Africa

    School-based adolescent health education programs represent a durable strategy in reducing the spread of HIV because they can leverage pre-existing social and organizational structures to reach large fractions of students at critical life stages. Many evaluations of school-based HIV programs draw on multilevel study designs that assign schools to treatment conditions or assign students to treatment conditions within blocks defined by school membership. …

  2. An HIV/AIDS knowledge scale for adolescents: item response theory analyses based on data from a study in South Africa and Tanzania

    A 14-item human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome knowledge scale was used among school students in 80 schools in 3 sites in Sub-Saharan Africa (Cape Town and Mankweng, South Africa, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania). For each item, an incorrect or don't know response was coded as 0 and correct response as 1. Exploratory factor analyses based on polychoric correlations showed two separate factors for all sites. …

  3. Development and test-retest reliability of a research instrument designed to evaluate school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in South Africa and Tanzania

    Aims: This article reports on the development and psychometric properties of an instrument to evaluate school-based HIV/ AIDS interventions aimed at adolescents in three African sites. Methods: The instrument was developed in a series of steps that involved a review of existing instruments; use of empirical data and secondary literature supporting an association between the variables of interest and sexual intercourse or condom use; operationalizing the constructs of the theoretical model employed; and using the objectives of the intervention. …

  4. Identifying promising approaches in HIV/AIDS and education

    In April 2000 the Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) initiated an exercise aimed at identifying effective responses by education systems to the effects of HIV/AIDS on the education structures of countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective was to identify promising approaches and interventions in the education sector to issues caused by the epidemic. …

  5. The social, demographic and development impact of HIV/AIDS: Commonwealth universities respond

    This is a workshop report on Commonwealth universities and the HIV/AIDS pandemic held in Durban, South Africa. The report highlights various presentaions from various stakeholders on the scale of the problem facing commonwealth universities, an overview of epidemiological factors revealing something in the nature of HIV, experiences of institutions in Bostwana, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. The two day workshop concluded with a draft policy paper for Commonwealth universities to consider in making their responses to the HIV/AIDS eidemic.

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