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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The application of Intervention Mapping in developing and implementing school-based sexuality and HIV/AIDS education in a developing country context: the case of Tanzania

    Effective sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programmes are needed to protect young people against HIV/AIDS and teenage pregnancy in Tanzania and other Sub-Saharan African countries. Using a theory- and evidence-based approach and adapting the programmes to local contexts, increases the effectiveness of these programmes. This paper describes and discusses the challenges and opportunities concerning the application of Intervention Mapping (IM) in the development and implementation of a sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programme targeting young people aged 12-14 in Tanzania. …

  2. Does Swaziland have enough Information Education Communication (IEC) material on HIV/AIDS targeting children? Research findings on IEC material available for children in Swaziland

    The aim of this study was to investigate the availability of HIV/AIDS Information Education and Communication (IEC) materials to children. The specific objectives were to: conduct a desktop review of available IEC materials; solicit the knowledge bese of children on HIV/AIDS; determine the available IEC materials and their content; find out what IEC materials are developed and used by various organisations working in HIV/AIDS.

  3. Accelerating the education sector reponse to HIV in the Federal Republic of Nigeria: a review of five years experience

    In 2007, the Federal Ministry of Education (FME), Nigeria, in collaboration with Action Health Incorporated (AHI), Nigeria, and The Partnership for Child Development (PCD) with assistance from The World Bank School Health and HIV&AIDS Team, undertook this review in order to document how the Government of Nigeria and development partners worked together to build a systematic education sector response to HIV&AIDS in the country. …

  4. Integrating HIV/AIDS/STI education program in the school curriculum

    This paper explores possibilities of integrating HIV/sex education into the school education framework. Various attributes of adolescents' vulnerability to HIV infection are discussed. The paper also looks at different aspects of AIDS education for young people based on both theoretical frameworks and models developed and widely used worldwide and on Armenian youth perspectives. …

  5. Addressing HIV/AIDS through School-based Education Programs

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the political feasibility and the institutional readiness and potential for integration of AIDS educational program in the school curricula in Armenia, and to provide sound recommendation for effective integration of HIV/AIDS education into comprehensive school health education. Because HIV is transmitted primarily by behavior that can be modified (unprotected sexual intercourse and intravenous drug use) educational programs designed to influence appropriate behavior can be effective in controlling the epidemic in Armenia. …

  6. SIDA: Saber ayuda

    La presente monografía describe el programa "SIDA Saber ayuda" implementado por investigadores catalanes, dirigido a estudiantes de secundaria (entre 15 y 17 años) y puesto en marcha en toda España. Con este programa se buscó propiciar la comprensión del SIDA no sólo desde la perspectiva preventiva y médica, sino como un fenómeno global, que involucra dimensiones sociales, culturales, históricas, económicas, filosóficas etc. …

  7. Improving research quality: how good is the literature on the impact of education on HIV and AIDS?

    In order to establish an evidence base that would help inform programming and advocacy responses in the education sector, more information was needed in terms of what studies existed, their quality and any gaps in the evidence. In response, ODI was commissioned by UNAIDS to carry out a stocktaking review of research on HIV and AIDS in the education sector and assess the quality of evidence in documents. The first part of this paper summarises key findings and gaps in research identified from the assessment of literature on the impact of education on HIV and AIDS. …

  8. Improving the reproductive health of sub-Saharan Africa's youth: a route to achieve the Millennium Development Goals

    This chartbook aims to provide policymakers, program managers, and the interested public in sub-Saharan Africa and around the world with a better understanding of the needs and experiences of youth in the region and how investments in youth can help achieve the MDGs. The data is drawn primarily from the Demographic and Health Surveys.

  9. Family life and HIV/AIDS education (FLHE) in schools in Enugu State: Baseline study of reproductive health issues among in-school adolescents in Enugu State

    Family Life and HIV/AIDS Education (FLHE) in Schools in Enugu State: Baseline Study of Reproductive Health Issues among In-School Adolescents in Enugu State is a research article written in 2009. It refers to a studies made on the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge and practices among junior secondary school grades 1 and 3 students Enugu State, preparatory to incorporating family life and HIV/AIDS education (FLHE) into the school curricula in the state. Results show that over 90% of the respondents were regularly involved in sexual activities. …

  10. Changes in sexual behavior following a sex education program in Brazilian public schools

    This paper describes an evaluation of possible changes in sexual behavior in adolescents who participated in a school-based sex education program in selected public schools in four municipalities in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The program is inserted within the context of reproductive rights, deals with risks involved in unsafe sexual practices and focuses on the positive aspects of sexuality. A quasi-experimental design with pre and post-tests and a non-equivalent control group was used to evaluate the intervention. A total of 4,795 questionnaires were included in this analysis. …

  11. L'éducation à la santé et à la sexualité à l'école et au collège

    L'ecole contribue de manière spécfique à l'éducation à la santé et à la sexualité des jeunes, Des instructions officielles en ont défini les orientations. Une étude realisée en 2001-2002 auprès de chefs d'établissement, enseignants, et personnels de santé et de service social, confirme que l'éducation à la santé et à la sexualité ne constitue pas une discipline à part, mais se développe à travers les enseignements et la vie scolaire. A l'école, elle a plutôt pour objectif d'informer et de sensibiliser, au collège de prévenir les risques en matière de sexualité. …

  12. Addressing the needs of young adolescents

    Worldwide, nearly 10 percent of people are ages 10 to 14, and in developing countries, the percentage is often higher (e.g., Uganda, 16 percent).1 Early adolescence marks a critical time of physical, developmental, and social changes. Interventions during early adolescence may be more effective in shaping healthy attitudes and behaviors than in late adolescence, when attitudes and behaviors are more established. Young adolescents are also more likely to still be in school and less likely to have begun sexual activity.

  13. What they don't know can hurt them : how school-based reproductive health programmes can help adolescents lead healthy reproductive lives

    This monograph is intended to help parents, educators and policy makers understand the relevance of reproductive health, why adolescents need information on reproductive health, the importance of reproductive health in schools and how schools can best implement reproductive health activities. The manual comprises 6 sections covering different areas. …

  14. The impact of HIV/AIDS on formal schooling in Uganda

    This study of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector was part of a three country study (Uganda, Malawi and Botswana) and had three broad aims: To assess the strategies being used to educate students about HIV/AIDS in schools To assess the impact on students as orphans, caregivers and those infected with HIV. To assess the impact on teachers as educators and employees.

  15. Mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS in Ghana: the role of education

    Since the first clinical evidence of HIV/AIDS was reported in 1981, the epidemic continues to escalate at an alarming rate and has now become a full-blown developmental crisis in the world. Africa is the most affected continent and at the end of the year 2002 she had 28.1 million of the world's estimated 42 million people living with HIV. …

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