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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Idealove&nam: socialización preventiva de la violencia de género

    Esta publicación se centra en dos temáticas relevantes en el marco de la línea de investigación en “Socialización preventiva de la violencia de género” desarrollada por el centro de investigación CREA. Estas dos temáticas son: el amor ideal y las nuevas masculinidades alternativas. Se recoge la investigación científica existente sobre violencia de género que explica las bases científicas de la socialización preventiva de la violencia de género, haciendo hincapié en el amor ideal y en las nuevas masculinidades. Se identifican vinculaciones entre amor ideal y violencia de género. …

  2. Between tradition and modernity: girls’ talk about sexual relationships and violence in Kenya, Ghana and Mozambique

    This paper interrogates the influence of a tradition-modernity dichotomy on perspectives and practices on sexual violence and sexual relationships involving girls in three districts of Kenya, Ghana and Mozambique. Through deploying an analytical framework of positioning within multiple discursive sites, the authors argue that although the dichotomy misrepresents the complexity of contemporary communities, it is nonetheless deployed by girls, educational initiatives and researchers in their reflections on girls’ sexual practices and sexual violence. …

  3. ‘… a huge monster that should be feared and not done’: Lessons learned in sexuality education classes in South Africa

    Research has foregrounded the way in which heterosexual practices for many young people are not infrequently bound up with violence and unequal transactional power relations. The Life Orientation sexuality education curriculum in South African schools has been viewed as a potentially valuable space to work with young people on issues of reproductive health, gender and sexual norms and relations. …

  4. Broadening gender: Why masculinities matter. Attitudes, practices and gender-based violence in four districts in Sri Lanka

    In order to bridge the gap in evidence-based studies of masculinities in Sri Lanka, CARE International Sri Lanka undertook, together with Partners for Prevention (P4P), a UNDP, UNFPA, UN Women and UNV regional joint programme for gender-based violence prevention in Asia and the Pacific, a study on men’s knowledge, practices and social attitudes toward gender and gender-based violence. This study brings out key risk factors in relation to violence against women, childhood trauma and men’s own experience of violence. …

  5. Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in Europe

    This report is the result of the largest study ever made on homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in the 47 member states of the Council of Europe. …

  6. Invisible difference in space: the role of different spaces in homophobic bullying in schools

    This small-scale piece of research was undertaken to examine, retrospectively, the experiences of 10 men, ages 27 through 53, in terms of what constitutes and influences homophobic bullying in the private and state school contexts in the United Kingdom. Using standpoint epistemology and a life histories method, the author investigates what is meant by homophobia and homophobic bullying; tries to identify why respondents think the bullying they suffered was homophobic in nature; and identifies and develops an understanding of the role different spaces play within school. …

  7. Equality in the provision of social, personal and health education in the Republic of Ireland: the case of homophobic bullying?

    In 2000, the Government of the Republic of Ireland introduced a syllabus for second-level schools (12-15 years) in Social Personal and Health Education (SPHE). Within this SPHE syllabus there is a significant component on Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE). In terms of diversity and equality it is questionable to what extent this newly introduced syllabus meets the needs of all students who attend second-level schools in the Republic of Ireland. …

  8. A gender-based analysis of HIV/AIDS in Belize

    In this report, we present a Gender-Based Analysis (GBA) of HIV/AIDS in Belize. Added analysis of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and gender-based violence (GBV) is provided, as they affect biological risks and social vulnerabilities and help inform the GBA of HIV/AIDS. The objective is to explore current epidemiological patterns and trends, access to testing and treatment, health-related outcomes, and various risk factors associated with contracting HIV/AIDS among men, women, boys and girls living in Belize.

  9. HIV and violence against women in Belize

    The overall objective of this study was to explore the potential intersections between two forms of violence against women (VAW) - partner violence and non-partner violence - among users of VAW and HIV services and to document their experiences, knowledge and perceptions on HIV and violence. The information was collected using a standardized questionnaire in each participant country in order to collect and compare data in a multi-country analysis. In Belize seventy-four (74) women were interviewed, 32 users of HIV services and 42 users of VAW services countrywide during 2007. …

  10. Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES)

    This report summarizes multi-country findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), a comprehensive household questionnaire on men's attitudes and practices - along with women's opinions and reports of men's practices - on a wide variety of topics related to gender equality. From 2009 to 2010, household surveys were administered to more than 8,000 men and 3,500 women ages 18 to 59 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico and Rwanda. …

  11. La masculinidad desde la perspectiva de los hombres de Lima Metropolitana - Proyecto MACHO

    Se realizó un trabajo cualitativo fenomenológico, con la finalidad de determinar la percepción de Masculinidad desde la perspectiva de los hombres de Lima Metropolitana. Para ello se realizaron grupos focales y entrevistas en profundidad, realizándose un total de 6 grupos focales y 10 entrevistas en profundidad semi-estructuradas, considerando la selección de los participantes. Las grabaciones de los grupos focales y las entrevistas, se transcribieron a Word, y se realizó un análisis cualitativo con codificación a posteriori y construcción de nodos. …

  12. Género y VIH/SIDA: elementos de vulnerabilidad en mujeres jóvenes de barrios pobres de las ciudades de Lima y Trujillo

    Un documento elaborado por Jéssica Girón, pretende mostrar cómo los roles de género, las relaciones de poder, y el comportamiento sexual son son elementos que colocan a las mujeres pobres de dos ciudades del Perú en una particular situación de vulnerabilidad frente al VIH. Asimismo, se intenta mostrar cómo esta forma de inequidad de género es el resultado de un conjunto complejo de factores culturales y económicos. …

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