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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Loi N° 1/13 du 22 septembre 2016 portant prévention, protection des victimes et répression des violences basées sur le genre

    Par cette loi, le gouvernement est chargé de prendre toutes les mesures nécessaires de sensibilisation pour modifier les schémas et modèles de comportement socioculturel de l'homme et de la femme, en vue de parvenir à l'élimination des pratiques coutumières ou de tout autre type qui sont fondés sur l'idée de l'infériorité ou de la supériorité de l'un ou de l'autre sexe ou d'un rôle stéréotypé de l'homme ou de la femme.

  2. Between tradition and modernity: girls’ talk about sexual relationships and violence in Kenya, Ghana and Mozambique

    This paper interrogates the influence of a tradition-modernity dichotomy on perspectives and practices on sexual violence and sexual relationships involving girls in three districts of Kenya, Ghana and Mozambique. Through deploying an analytical framework of positioning within multiple discursive sites, the authors argue that although the dichotomy misrepresents the complexity of contemporary communities, it is nonetheless deployed by girls, educational initiatives and researchers in their reflections on girls’ sexual practices and sexual violence. …

  3. The gender and human rights analysis of the national multisectoral strategic HIV and AIDS framework 2009-2014

    This document presents the blueprint of renewed and revitalised commitment to gender and human rights mainstreaming within the National Multisectoral Strategic HIV and AIDS framework of 2009 to 2014. It is about moving from the rhetoric on gender, human rights and HIV and AIDS to operationalising gender mainstreaming in all the sectors. As such this handbook should be read together with the National Multisectoral Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS. It addresses the interconnectedness of HIV and AIDS response and addresses gender inequalities. …

  4. Gender Dynamics and Sexual Norms among Youth in Mali in the Context of HIV/AIDS Prevention

    Socially constructed ideas of gender norms and values attached to sexuality need to be considered when aiming to build the young people’s capacity to adopt HIV preventive behaviours. We conducted ten focus groups and sixteen individual interviews to explore sexual norms among youth in Bamako. Premarital sex, multiple partnering, condom use and transactional sex were discussed. The findings suggest that young people’s sexual norms are shaped by kin or authoritative elders as well as by external influences coming from Western culture. …

  5. Good policy and practice in HIV and health education. Booklet 7: Gender equality, HIV and education

    Education, HIV and gender equality are deeply inter related aspects of personal and global development. This booklet presents new thinking and emerging research alongside a series of case studies and examples of new and time-tested programmes on the issues of gender equality, HIV and education and the interrelation between them. It includes discussion papers, which explore issues and emerging evidence in greater depth, as well as case study examples of programmes and interventions from a range of countries. …

  6. (B)order(s). AIDS Review 2011

    This Review reflects on the borders that have been placed around sexual identity, sexual behaviour and sexuality. It also reflects on the need for sexual order in the dominant hetronormative discourse of most societies, where heterosexuality is deemed to be the norm and all other sexual identities and practices the exception to this rule, to be tolerated, albeit in a strained and tense way. …

  7. Toolkit for Integrating LGBTI Issues Into HIV and GBV Prevention

    This Toolkit shares information, tools, activities, and skills building ideas and methods to support organisations and individuals to better understand the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI) in HIV and gender-based violence work in their communities. This Toolkit provides a means to disseminate information pertaining to African sexualities, human sexuality and sexual minorities. It specifically addresses how sexual orientation and gender identity relates to and interconnects with HIV and gender based violence. …

  8. Vijana tunaweza Newala: findings from a participatory research and action project in Tanzania

    Globally, girls and young women are more likely to be hiV-positive than their male peers, due in large part to an array of gender inequalities that negatively impact their their mental and physical well being. The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and Taasisi ya Maendeleo Shirikishi Arusha (TAMASHA), in collaboration with Pact Tanzania, developed a participatory research and action project (Vitu Newala) that aimed to both understand and respond to girls’ HIV-related vulnerabilities. …

  9. Break another silence: understanding sexual minorities and taking action for sexual rights in Africa

    This booklet is about marginalised sexualities and human rights. It is written for people working in civil society and government organisations, with a focus on Africa, particularly the Horn, East, and Central Africa. This booklet is to encourage staff in civil society and government organisations to: understand sexual rights as human rights; to become aware of the ongoing abuses of sexual minorities' human rights including lack of access to essential services; and to take action to protect rights for all, including minority groups. Chapter 1 focuses on basic information and key debates. …

  10. Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES)

    This report summarizes multi-country findings from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES), a comprehensive household questionnaire on men's attitudes and practices - along with women's opinions and reports of men's practices - on a wide variety of topics related to gender equality. From 2009 to 2010, household surveys were administered to more than 8,000 men and 3,500 women ages 18 to 59 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico and Rwanda. …

  11. Mainstreaming gender equality into national response to HIV and AIDS Nigerian case study

    This book describes the successful efforts to mainstream gender into the National Strategic Framework (NSF). Part 1 presents the situation analysis that set out the context of the Nigerian case study. Part 2 describes the processes employed and steps taken to mainstream gender into the NSF, and highlights the achievements, challenges and lessons learned from the Nigerian experience. The book provides a model that other countries can emulate.

  12. Finding our voices. Gender and sexual identities and HIV/AIDS in education

    Of the 8,600,000 young people living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, 67 percent are young women and 33 percent are young men (Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis, UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO, 2001). The Girls' Education Programme recognises 'gender' as the features associated in specific cultures with masculinity and femininity, and acknowledges that not all societies and cultures share the same ideas of what it means to be male or female. …

  13. Gender and HIV/AIDS

    This paper summarize the situation of HIV prevalence among men and women, and proposes solutions and policies to improve the situation.

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