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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The case for addressing gender and power in sexuality and HIV education: a comprehensive review of evaluation studies

    CONTEXT: Curriculum-based sexuality and HIV education is a mainstay of interventions to prevent STIs, HIV and unintended pregnancy among young people. Evidence links traditional gender norms, unequal power in sexual relationships and intimate partner violence with negative sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, little attention has been paid to analyzing whether addressing gender and power in sexuality education curricula is associated with better outcomes. …

  2. Good policy and practice in HIV and health education. Booklet 7: Gender equality, HIV and education

    Education, HIV and gender equality are deeply inter related aspects of personal and global development. This booklet presents new thinking and emerging research alongside a series of case studies and examples of new and time-tested programmes on the issues of gender equality, HIV and education and the interrelation between them. It includes discussion papers, which explore issues and emerging evidence in greater depth, as well as case study examples of programmes and interventions from a range of countries. …

  3. Toolkit for Integrating LGBTI Issues Into HIV and GBV Prevention

    This Toolkit shares information, tools, activities, and skills building ideas and methods to support organisations and individuals to better understand the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI) in HIV and gender-based violence work in their communities. This Toolkit provides a means to disseminate information pertaining to African sexualities, human sexuality and sexual minorities. It specifically addresses how sexual orientation and gender identity relates to and interconnects with HIV and gender based violence. …

  4. Men, masculinities and HIV/AIDS: strategies for action

    The purpose of this paper is to provide practical guidance to policymakers and program managers on how to engage men and address harmful male norms in seven key areas of intervention in relation to HIV/AIDS: 1 Social and Behaviour Change in Men; 2 Violence against women; 3 Men, Sex Work and Transactional Sex; 4 Men, Substance abuse and HIV/AIDS; 5 Male Circumcision; 6 Men, VCT and Treatment; 7 Male Norms and the Caregiving for People Living with and Affected by HIV/AIDS. …

  5. Stage for change: an artist's guide to gender, sexuality, HIV & AIDS advocacy

    The battle against HIV and AIDS is an urgent one, especially in the Mekong region where millions of lives are at risk. Asia holds 60 percent of the world's population, so even low levels of HIV prevalence mean large number of people infected. In the fight against the disease, our protagonists begin to unite and form community based theatre groups. These groups gain the attention of development organizations and are transformed into arts and cultural development initiatives in the region. …

  6. Men-streaming in sexual and reproductive health and HIV: a toolkit for policy development and advocacy

    Sexual and reproductive health and rights and HIV programmes are likely to have greater impact on communities if they address constructively the actual and potential role of men in society. At present, however, many such programmes often fail to target men, to address their specific needs and understand the wider influence of male and female gender norms. This Men-streaming toolkit helps organizations create, and advocate for, affirmative policies which promote the positive roles that men can play in improving their own sexual and reproductive health - and those of women and children. …

  7. Project H: working with young men series

    This series of five manuals focuses on young men. While many initiatives have sought to empower women in addressing gender-based inequality, the needs of young men appear often to have been neglected. This manual applies a gender perspective in working with young men. It incorporates two major perspectives: gender specificity and gender equity. It seeks to engage boys and to reflect about gender inequalities, to reflect about the ways that women are often disadvantaged and have to take responsibility for childcare, sexual and reproductive health and domestic work. …

  8. Finding our voices. Gender and sexual identities and HIV/AIDS in education

    Of the 8,600,000 young people living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, 67 percent are young women and 33 percent are young men (Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis, UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO, 2001). The Girls' Education Programme recognises 'gender' as the features associated in specific cultures with masculinity and femininity, and acknowledges that not all societies and cultures share the same ideas of what it means to be male or female. …

  9. Promoting gender-equity among young Brazilian men as an HIV prevention strategy

    Few interventions to promote gender-equitable norms and behaviors among young men have been systematically implemented or evaluated, and relatively little is known about how best to measure changes in gender norms and their effect on HIV/STI protective and risk behaviors. To address these gaps, the Horizons Program and Instituto Promundo, with support from USAID/PEPFAR, SSL International, the John D. and Catherine T. …

  10. Gender and HIV/AIDS

    Sexual specificity is defined in terms of what it means to be a man or a woman in society. Sexual specificity has a bearing on opportunities and the distribution of social roles. Social norms play a part in the spreading of HIV. Whether female, male or young, the contamination risks are determined by social projections on the sexes. Therefore, the social dimension of sex cannot be ignored in prevention.

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