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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A Win for Women is a Win for All

    UNDP is leading a UNAIDS and UNIFEM interagency initiative “Universal Access Now!” to accelerate universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for women and girls in countries where women are most affected by HIV. This is the third update on this initiatives which focuses on human rights aspects and draws out early lessons learned from the initiative.

  2. Programs to address child marriage: Framing the problem

    Child marriage violates girls’ human rights and adversely affects their health and well-being. While age at marriage is increasing in most regions of the developing world, early marriage persists for large populations. Worldwide, it is estimated that more than one out of three women aged 20–24 were married before age 18, and one out of seven were married before age 15. There is great variation in child marriage practices across and within regions and between ethnic and religious groups. Eradicating child marriage has long been on the agenda of the United Nations and of individual countries. …

  3. Girls' education, empowerment, and transitions to adulthood: The case for a shared agenda

    Education is essential to prepare adolescent girls for healthy, safe and productive transitions to adulthood. However, adolescent girls in much of the developing world are underserved by the education sector – too many are not in school, or are not receiving a quality, relevant education in a safe and supportive environment. At the same time, programs that emphasize girls’ healthy and productive transitions to adulthood are not adequately linking with the education sector. …

  4. The establishment of a National Coalition on Women, Girls and AIDS

    The Network of Non-Governmental Organizations of Trinidad and Tobago for the Advancement of Women (The Network) has been contracted by the United Nations in Trinidad and Tobago to execute this Project: “Formation of a National Coalition on Women and Girls and AIDS. The project entails: a mapping of organizations working on women, girls and AIDS in Trinidad and Tobago; and the development of a structure and three year work plan for the coalition in consultation with national partners. …

  5. Vijana tunaweza Newala: findings from a participatory research and action project in Tanzania

    Globally, girls and young women are more likely to be hiV-positive than their male peers, due in large part to an array of gender inequalities that negatively impact their their mental and physical well being. The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and Taasisi ya Maendeleo Shirikishi Arusha (TAMASHA), in collaboration with Pact Tanzania, developed a participatory research and action project (Vitu Newala) that aimed to both understand and respond to girls’ HIV-related vulnerabilities. …

  6. Plan d'action triennal opérationnel de lutte contre la féminisation de l'épidémie du sida et les violences basées sur le genre en RDC (2010-2012)

    La situation générale de l'épidémie du VIH/sida en RDC se caractérise par sa tendance à la féminisation, à la juvénilisation et à la ruralisation. Parmi les déterminants qui favorisent sa propagation figurent l'ignorance des précautions à prendre pour éviter de contracter le virus, l'accès limité aux services de prévention, les conditions de vie difficile, la promiscuité, la précocité des rapports sexuels, le multi partenariat sexuel et la mobilité des populations. …

  7. Go Girls! Visual Briefs

    This booklet contains flipcharts on a variety of topics to help communities identify ways to make environment safer for girls.

  8. U.S. Global Health Policy. The Women, Girls, and Gender Equality Principle of the U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI): Assessment of the GHI Plus Country Strategies

    President Obama announced the U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI) in May 2009 as a step in developing a comprehensive, global health government strategy. One of its seven central tenets relates to "women, girls and gender equality." Eight GHI Plus countries (those in which the US rolls out health programs selected for accelerated implementation of GHI). This report assesses how this GHI requirements for strategies and 10 Key Elements of Implementation were integrated into GHI Plus country strategies. …

  9. Orphanhood and completion of compulsory school education among young people in South Africa: findings from a national representative survey

    We examined the association of orphanhood and completion of compulsory school education among young people in South Africa. In South Africa, school attendance is compulsory through grade 9, which should be completed before age 16. However, family and social factors such as orphanhood and poverty can hinder educational attainment. Participants were 10,452 16-24-year-olds who completed a South African national representative household survey. Overall, 23% had not completed compulsory school levels. …

  10. Women, girls and HIV and AIDS: education, women's economic empowerment and workplace violence

    Today, evidence points indisputably to the important intersection of HIV and gender inequality. In 2010, women and girls accounted for more than half of all people living with HIV (about 52%). They are disproportionately affected by gender-based violence, suffer economic inequalities and shoulder the bulk of the burden of caring for people living with HIV.

  11. Globalization and women's vulnerabilities to HIV and AIDS

    This paper - largely inspired by Colleen O'Manique's analysis in her article "Globalization and gendered vulnerabilities to HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa" - seeks to uncover some of the eff ects of the global political economy on women's vulnerability to HIV and AIDS. Using as a base C. …

  12. Can economic empowerment reduce vulnerability of girls and young women to HIV? Emerging insights

    Girls and young women are disproportionately affected by both poverty and HIV. Donors, policymakers, researchers and program implementers are exploring economic empowerment programs as a strategy to improve the health and economic status of girls and young women. But the linkages between economic status and HIV status are complex, and the role that economic approaches play in preventing HIV infection and mitigating its impact is unproven. …

  13. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  14. Addressing violence against women and girls in sexual and reproductive health services: a review of knowledge assets

    This knowledge asset focuses on the integration of resources to address gender-based violence against women and girls into the existing health care services. The review of the literature aims to provide guidance to health sector programme designers and managers in order to facilitate integration. …

  15. Gender Based Violence and HIV/AIDS in Cambodia: Links, Opportunities and Potential Responses

    There is growing evidence from different countries that gender based violence can increase the risk of HIV/AIDS as well as be an outcome of HIV/AIDS. Researchers, focusing on understanding the explosion of the HIV/AIDS epidemic among women and girls, have highlighted how sexual coercion and fear of violence limit women's ability to negotiate safe sex behaviors such as condom use and reduced number of partners, access services, and/or adopt practices to prevent mother to child transmission. …

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