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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender differences in KAP related to HIV/AIDS among freshmen in Afghan universities

    This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the level of knowledge, perception/attitude, and practices related to HIV among 1,054 freshmen students in four Afghan universities differences between genders. A probability, two stage sampling method was used. Data were collected by a self administered structured questionnaire. SPSS software was used for data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed. Most of respondents were male (72.1%), their average age was 20.1 ± 2 years, and most were unmarried (93.4%). …

  2. Advancing women's leadership and advocacy for AIDS action: training manual

    Advancing Women's Leadership and Advocacy for AIDS Action is a four-year, Ford Foundation funded initiative designed to equip and empower a cadre of women from around the world with the knowledge and skills to strengthen and lead the global response to AIDS. Since its inception in 2006, the program has been implemented by a consortium led by the Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA), which includes the International Community of Women Living with HIV/AIDS, International Center for Research on Women and the National Minority AIDS Council. …

  3. The sexual and reproductive health of younger adolescents. Research issues in developing countries

    This paper reviews quantitative and qualitative evidence on adolescents' sexual and reproductive health from a number of developing countries and, where possible, highlights findings for boys and girls aged under 15 years in those studies where findings are disaggregated by age and sex (which is not always the case). The evidence is sporadic, however, and is by no means representative of all developing countries. …

  4. HIV and violence against women in Belize

    The overall objective of this study was to explore the potential intersections between two forms of violence against women (VAW) - partner violence and non-partner violence - among users of VAW and HIV services and to document their experiences, knowledge and perceptions on HIV and violence. The information was collected using a standardized questionnaire in each participant country in order to collect and compare data in a multi-country analysis. In Belize seventy-four (74) women were interviewed, 32 users of HIV services and 42 users of VAW services countrywide during 2007. …

  5. Girls Speak: A New Voice in Global Development

    Girls Speak: A New Voice in Global Development is part of a series of reports on investing in adolescent girls in the developing world. This report examines qualitative data on what girls say about their aspirations across different settings and contexts. From a girl's perspective, policies and programs need to address the harmful social norms that constrain her role and opportunities in society, and provide a greater vision for her life. In their own words, girls are saying that the context and environment that shapes their lives - how they live and what they aspire to - must be addressed. …

  6. EDUCAIDS evaluation, 2009: key findings, recommendations and UNESCO's actions

    In 2008, UNESCO commissioned an independent evaluation of the implementation of EDUCAIDS, the UNAIDS Global Initiative on Education and HIV & AIDS (led by UNESCO) that seeks to prevent the spread of HIV through education and to protect the core functions of the education system from the worst effects of the epidemic. The evaluation was conducted by an external consultant and completed in 2009. …

  7. Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs

    Adolescent and Youth Reproductive Health in Morocco. Status, Issues, Policies, and Programs is a report written by J. Beamish and L.T. Abderrazik for the POLICY Project, on behalf of the Asia/Near East Bureau of USAID. It aims to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in Morocco, within the context of the adolescent boys and girls. …

  8. Sexual and Reproductive Health /HIV/AIDS/ Project for Adolescents and Youth

    Sexual and Reproductive Health /HIV/AIDS/Project for Adolescents and Youth is a small magazine developed by Geração Biz, a national, multi-sectoral adolescent program, including the Ministries of Health, Youth and Sports, and Education, and local NGOs, in Zambezia, Mozambique in 2001. It presents articles written to recall the importance to improve sexual and reproductive health among youth. It describes briefly the situation of the province of Zambezia, where the HIV prevalence is 13%, regarding early marriages, pregnancies, school attendance or knowledge of contraception. …

  9. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma. Toolkit for action. Module J. Young people and stigma

    This document is part of a toolkit written for and by HIV trainers. It has been designed to help trainers plan and organise educational sessions with community leaders or organised groups. The toolkit consists in a collection of participatory training exercises to help people at all levels understand stigma - what it means, why it is an important issue, what its root causes are - and develop strategies to challenge stigma and discrimination. The present document contains the Module J "Young people and stigma". …

  10. Our future: sexuality and life skills education for young people. Grades 4-5

    This toolkit shares the experiences of a project on sexuality and life skills led by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance started in 2003. The toolkit is based on a number of workshops and discussions with teachers and students. Throughout the development of the toolkit, students contributed questions, stories, problem letters and pictures. The result is a series of three books developed with teachers and learners in Grades 4 to 9 from 14 schools in the Chipata District of Zambia. …

  11. A sexatlas for schools. Sexuality and personal relationships: a guide for the planning and implementation of teaching programmes in this area for primary, junior secondary and senior secondary schools

    This guide is based on recent research into sexuality education and health promotion in Sweden and focuses on sexuality and personal relationships for the planning and implementation of teaching programmes. It outlines important questions to be asked before the development of any education programme on sexuality and personal relationships and is designed to assist schools in analysing and structuring these programmes, to promote discussions and develop the teacher's ability to respond in an open and instructive manner to questions about sexuality and relationships. …

  12. Jamaican guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education: pre-school through age 24

    This document provides information for acquiring and forming attitudes, beliefs and values on topics such as identity, relationships and intimacy. It helps to expand understanding around HIV and AIDS, parent-child communication on sexuality, gender-based violence, child sexual abuse and forced sex, in order to improve awareness and communication around these issues. The guidelines may be used as a tool and supplemental resource for professionals to augment the Ministry of Education's Health and Family Life Education initiative in Jamaica. …

  13. Report on knowledge-attitude-practice survey in relation to HIV and AIDS of In-Out of school children and needs assessment of children infected and affected by HIV and AIDS, in Binh Thanh, Go Vap and Hoc Mon districts of Ho Chi Minh city

    This surveyed was commissioned to Life Quality Promotion Centre (Life Centre) by Save the Children UK with the main objectives to (i) find out Knowledge-Attitude-Practice (KAP) of children and youth related to HIV and AIDS and other related topics, and (ii) assess the needs for care and support of HIV and AIDS-infected and affected children and youth. …

  14. Gender and risk of HIV in Ghana and Uganda

    Using Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for Ghana and Uganda, this study examines the gender differentials in perceptions of HIV risk in the two countries, which have been hit by the HIV epidemic in a different way, as in Ghana the epidemic has just started. It identifies factors associated with high or low risk of HIV infection by using logistic regression methodology. Principal findings include strong gender differentials in perceptions of risk, especially in Uganda; women felt at greater risk of HIV infection than men. …

  15. Know Yourself - a multimedia package

    The Bangladesh Center for Communication Programs (BCCP) created the "Know Yourself" multimedia package with technical assistance from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs (CCP), the Health Communication Partnership (HCP), and several local partners including an ARH Working Group and supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development's Mission in Dhaka and the United Nations Children Fund. …

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