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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Legal gender recognition in Philippines: a legal and policy review

    The Legal Gender Recognition in the Philippines: A Legal and Policy Review is the cumulative result of the desk review of laws, regulations, and policies regarding legal gender recognition in the Philippines. It likewise included research into how these existing laws, regulations, and policies are implemented and how they impact or will impact on transgender people in the Philippines. …

  2. Legal gender recognition in Thailand: a legal and policy review

    The rights to self-determination and recognition before the law are fundamental human rights belonging to everyone without distinction including transgender people. However, the human rights of transgender people in this regard continue to be violated and disrespected across the world, in the Asian region and within Thailand itself. …

  3. Guidelines for supporting sexual and gender diversity in schools. Sexuality discrimination and homophobic bullying

    It is a fundamental right of every child and young person to feel safe in their school environment. Western Australian schools pride themselves on being safe and effective learning environments that cater for the diverse needs of all students, including those who are (LGBTI) lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and other sexuality, sex and gender diverse people. Recognising LGBTI students and staff as an everyday part of the social mix of the school community is important in responding appropriately to their needs. …

  4. South Asia regional advocacy framework and resource guide: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This South Asia Regional Advocacy Framework and Resource Guide was developed to assist organizations in South Asia to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. …

  5. Results of a comparative analysis of SRHR and HIV strategies, programmes and legislation in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan

    The subject of the following paper is the examination of selected documents from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan with a focus on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and HIV and AIDS. The first part of the analysis deals with how these broader thematic areas are treated in the individual strategies, programmes and laws of the three countries, the second part discusses selected sub-themes comparatively between the three countries. …

  6. The capacity of national human rights institutions to address human rights in relation to sexual orientation, gender identity and HIV: Regional report

    This study takes stock of recent developments in a number of South and South-east Asian countries in relation to the issue of sexual orientation and gender identity. It provides a welcome update of positive initiatives from various national human rights institutions, in addressing the discrimination, stigmatization and violations facing individuals and groups who simply wish “to be” what they actually are. These initiatives include research, advocacy, education, public mobilization, and contributions to judicial decisions, laws, policies and other processes to protect human rights.

  7. Sri Lanka advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Sri Lanka to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programmes as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  8. Nepal advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Nepal to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  9. Bhutan advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Bhutan to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  10. Bangladesh advocacy framework: HIV, human rights and sexual orientation and gender identity

    This framework was developed to assist organizations in Bangladesh to work together on advocacy priorities for removing the legal and policy barriers that prevent MSM and transgender people from enjoying the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, particularly in relation to access to HIV prevention, treatment and care. It is focused as much on governments and national AIDS Programs as it is on community organizations, as partnerships between governments and civil society have proven to be an effective vehicle for change in this area. …

  11. Regional legal reference resource. Protective laws related to HIV, men who have sex with men and transgender people in South Asia. Promoting a legal enabling environment and strengthening the legal response to HIV

    This Reference Resource documents key protective laws focused on HIV, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in five countries in South Asia. The two primary objectives of the Reference Resource are to: 1. build the capacity of legal professionals to analyze protective laws (focusing on people living with HIV, MSM and transgender people); and 2. develop a resource to support legislative drafting, law reform and advocacy initiatives.

  12. School violence, bullying and abuse: a human rights analysis

    The Human Rights Commission has long standing concerns about bullying, violence and abuse within schools. In 2008 the Commission received a complaint from parents of students subjected to bullying, violence and abuse by other students within a secondary school. As the Office of the Children's Commissioner had already begun to consider a comprehensive school safety inquiry, the Human Rights Commission undertook to analyse the human rights issues that arise when students are victimised by their peers. …

  13. Turning the tide: an open strategy for a response to AIDS in the Pacific. Report of the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific

    The Pacific is home to some of the world's smallest, least developed, and most isolated communities. Development progress over the past 30 years, particularly in economic growth and poverty reduction, has been slow, uneven, and in some countries, even negative. Pacific island countries have also experienced pockets of instability with social and political unrest, civil conflicts and natural disasters all contributing to the region's development burden. The region's vulnerability is compounded by the impacts of climate change and globalization. …

  14. Adolescent and youth reproductive health in Cambodia: status, issues, policies, and programs

    This assessment of ARH in Cambodia is part of a series of assessments conducted in 13 countries in Asia and the Near East. The purpose of the assessments is to highlight the reproductive health status of adolescents in each country, within the context of the lives of adolescent boys and girls. The report begins with the social context and gender socialization that set girls and boys on separate lifetime paths in terms of life expectations, educational attainment, job prospects, labour force participation, reproduction, and duties in the household. …

  15. Reproductive health, gender & rights in Mongolia

    The report provides an in-depth review of the legal environment in Mongolia with regards to a wide variety of issues related to reproductive health and gender, e.g., access to health services, maternity and fertility, marriage and divorce, HIV/AIDS, confidentiality, access to contraceptives, etc.

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