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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Vijana tunaweza Newala: findings from a participatory research and action project in Tanzania

    Globally, girls and young women are more likely to be hiV-positive than their male peers, due in large part to an array of gender inequalities that negatively impact their their mental and physical well being. The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and Taasisi ya Maendeleo Shirikishi Arusha (TAMASHA), in collaboration with Pact Tanzania, developed a participatory research and action project (Vitu Newala) that aimed to both understand and respond to girls’ HIV-related vulnerabilities. …

  2. The sexual and reproductive health of younger adolescents. Research issues in developing countries

    This paper reviews quantitative and qualitative evidence on adolescents' sexual and reproductive health from a number of developing countries and, where possible, highlights findings for boys and girls aged under 15 years in those studies where findings are disaggregated by age and sex (which is not always the case). The evidence is sporadic, however, and is by no means representative of all developing countries. …

  3. Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

    Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities is a document that aims to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. …

  4. Gender and HIV Prevention Education in the Asia and Pacific Region

    This paper is a collection, both previously published and new, describing efforts in the Asia/Pacific region to target young women with HIV prevention health messages. It seeks to provide non-formal HIV prevention educators with information and tools that will help them understand the complexities of gender specific to the region.

  5. Are schools safe havens for children? Examining school-related gender-based violence

    Despite the critical importance of addressing school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV), there is limited understanding of both the depth and breadth of such violence, and the causes and consequences for children and society. This report reviews the literature on school-related gender-based violence in developing countries in an effort to improve understanding of its causes, prevalence, and consequences. This is a synthesis and analysis of literature on SRGBV and an introduction to interventions that are addressing the problem. …

  6. Heroes and villains: teachers in the education response to HIV

    This book is an investigation from the standpoint of the classroom teacher into how school-based education is addressing the global HIV epidemic. It attempts to examine issues concerning teachers and HIV in a comprehensive framework, investigate the available evidence, take stock and make sense of the various conclusions for policy-makers and practitioners.

  7. The voices and identities of Botswana's school children. Gender, sexuality, HIV/AIDS and life skills in education

    Although Botswana's youth constitute 47% of the total population, HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-19 years stands at 22.8% and 38.6% for the 20-24 year olds. The 2004 Botswana AIDS Impact Survey (BAIS II) results continue to show that the virus has a very acute gender dimension, where for every HIV positive boy aged 15-19 years, there are three HIV positive girls. Although education statistics (2001) show a general decline in primary school dropout rate, pregnancy alone contributed to 1.8% of all dropouts nationwide. …

  8. India : enhancing grils' life skills recquires long-term commitment

    This study shows that interventions to improve girlsÆ life skills are feasible. However, effecting significant improvements in girlsÆ skills and economic advancement would require a longer-term intervention that nurtures skills while building relationships with parents and communities. It is suggested that the vocational training programs should take a long-term approach to facilitate partnerships with parents and communities in support of adolescent girlsÆ economic participation in India. This document is available online at http://www.popcouncil.org/frontiers/orsummaries/ors52.html

  9. A research study on impact of adolescence education on adolescent reproductive health and behaviour

    This research study is a valuable document for policy makers, teachers, parents and community leaders to explore the knowledge, awareness and attitude in adolescence education in India. The analysis could be used as a reference for the programmes and projects related to the adolescents and their sexual behaviour, including sexual initiation, risky sexual behavior, and coerced sex. …

  10. A force for change: young people and HIV/AIDS in South Asia

    The report presents a profile of youth in South Asia with regard to gender equality, quality education, access to health information and services, support and protection from parents, peers, and caregivers.

  11. Girls, HIV and AIDS and education

    This document was developed under a joint project between UNICEF and The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS. It provides graphic and tabular evidence which link sexual knowledge/behaviours to the educational level among young people. It outlines three priorities that support schools in protecting girls and mitigating the impact of HIV and AIDS, which are: getting and keeping girls in school, providing life-skills based education; and protecting girls from gender-based school violence. …

  12. Study on knowledge, attitude and behaviour towards HIV/AIDS in the vocational training sector

    The research on Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour towards HIV/AIDS in the Vocational Training Sector was carried out from January to March 2005. The research was commissioned by the Botswana Training Authority (BOTA) and conducted by Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis (BIDPA) on behalf of BOTA. …

  13. At the crossroads: accelerating youth access to HIV/AIDS interventions

    Young people remain at the centre of the epidemic in terms of transmission, vulnerability, impact, and potential for change. Today's young generation, the largest in history, has not known a world without AIDS. Of the over 1 billion young people worldwide, 10 million are currently living with HIV. If we are to reach the global targets set forth in international agreements, urgent action and increased investment must be made in HIV prevention, treatment and care programmes specifically for young people.

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