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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. UNAIDS IATT on Education symposium report 2015: Good quality education for adolescent girls for an AIDS-free future

    In June 2015, the UNAIDS IATT on Education, convened by UNESCO, presented evidence and explored promising approaches to support girls’ participation in quality education at a symposium entitled Good Quality Education For Adolescent Girls For An Aids-Free Future. …

  2. Rising school enrollment and declining HIV and pregnancy risk among adolescents in Rakai district, Uganda, 1994–2013

    Background: Poverty, family stability, and social policies influence the ability of adolescents to attend school. Likewise, being enrolled in school may shape an adolescent’s risk for HIV and pregnancy. We identified trends in school enrollment, factors predicting school enrollment (antecedents), and health risks associated with staying in or leaving school (consequences). Methods: Data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS) were examined for adolescents 15–19 years (n = 21,735 person-rounds) from 1994 to 2013. …

  3. Invited commentary: Broadening the evidence for adolescent sexual and reproductive health and education in the United States

    Scientific research has made major contributions to adolescent health by providing insights into factors that influence it and by defining ways to improve it. However, US adolescent sexual and reproductive health policies-particularly sexuality health education policies and programs-have not benefited from the full scope of scientific understanding. From 1998 to 2009, federal funding for sexuality education focused almost exclusively on ineffective and scientifically inaccurate abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) programs. …

  4. Investing in very young adolescents' sexual and reproductive health

    Very young adolescents (VYAs) between the ages of 10 and 14 represent about half of the 1.2 billion adolescents aged 10–19 in the world today. In lower- and middleincome countries, where most unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortions, maternal deaths and sexually transmitted infections occur, investment in positive youth development to promote sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is increasing. Most interventions, though, focus on older adolescents, overlooking VYAs. …

  5. The sexual and reproductive health of younger adolescents. Research issues in developing countries

    This paper reviews quantitative and qualitative evidence on adolescents' sexual and reproductive health from a number of developing countries and, where possible, highlights findings for boys and girls aged under 15 years in those studies where findings are disaggregated by age and sex (which is not always the case). The evidence is sporadic, however, and is by no means representative of all developing countries. …

  6. Manual de Formação de Facilitadores. Educação e Aconselhamento em Sexualidade, Saúde e Direitos Reprodutivos de Adolescentes e Jovens

    Elaborado pelo Instituto Nacional para o Desenvolvimento da Educação, o presente Manual oferece marcos norteadores na abordagem das temáticas da sexualidade e saúde direcionada a jovens e adolescentes. Conceitos centrais, tais como saúde sexual, direitos reprodutivos, puberdade, métodos contraceptivos, gravidez na adolescência, aborto, planejamento familiar são abordados. Um destaque particular também é feito em relação às questões de Gênero e à prevenção de DTS/HIV/SIDA.

  7. Rethinking how to prevent HIV in young people: evidence from two large randomised controlled trials in Tanzania and Zimbabwe

    The MEMA kwa Vijana (Tanzania) and Regai Dzive Shiri (Zimbabwe) adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention trials focused on developing skills and changing attitudes and self-efficacy to change behaviours. The trials show a clear gap between young people's knowledge, and their reported attitudes and behaviour. …

  8. Making services youth-friendly with limited resources

    This informational sheet is produced by the International Planned Parenthood Federation and Western Hemisphere Region for their affiliates to work with adolescents, young people in the region. This sheet describe project activities, evaluation strategies and key results, and summarize lessons learned. This document is available online at http://www.ippfwhr.org/publications/download/serial_issues/spotyouth18_e.pdf

  9. Adolescents and youth in Pakistan 2001-2002: a nationally representative survey

    The Adolescents and Youth in Pakistan 2001-2002: A Nationally Representative Survey (AYSP) was funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, the Department for International Development (UK), and UNICEF (Pakistan). The AYSP provides an unprecedented view of young Pakistani people's experiences with and attitudes about education, employment, families, and marriage. The survey explores the transition to adulthood of Pakistani adolescents and the social and economic forces that shape the transition. …

  10. Reaching the youngest adolescents with reproductive health programs and services

    An article focuses on the emerging needs in providing information and reproductive health services to youth aged 10-14, one of the underserved groups and most subject to abuse and coerced sex. Included also in the paper are suggestions on effective approaches to reach these younger adolescents.

  11. Why good reproductive health is critical to the well-being of youth [fact sheet]

    The fact sheet first explains why good reproductive health for young people is important and then presents a situation of the reproductive lives of young people today. Lastly, the paper recounts what the international community has agreed to do to support the reproductive health of young people.

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