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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The impact of HIV/AIDS on children’s educational outcome: A critical review of global literature

    The number of children losing one or both parents to HIV/AIDS has continued to rise in the past decade, with most of them being school-aged children. This study reviews global literature on the effects of HIV/AIDS (e.g., parental HIV-related illness or death) on children's schooling. Systematic review procedures generated 23 studies for examination. Existing studies show educational disadvantages among children affected by AIDS in various educational outcomes, including school enrollment and attendance, school behavior and performance, school completion, and educational attainment. …

  2. Preventing HIV transmission in adolescents: an analysis of the Portuguese data from the Health Behaviour School-aged Children study and focus groups

    This research examined demographic, personal, family and school variables related to adolescents’ sexual behaviour and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS infected people. This research was also designed to understand the cognitive and emotional bases of the sexual decisions made by adolescents. Preventive research must explore how young people understand, manage and explore their sexuality, risk and relationships.

  3. Are there any disparities between girls and boys in the response of the education sector to HIV and AIDS? Assessment of educational HIV/AIDS prevention programmes applied by SACMEQ III countries

    This paper aims to assess whether the goals of the in-school programmes on prevention of HIV and AIDS that are taught in primary schools of 15 national ministries of education in Southern and Eastern Africa have been reached equitably between boys and girls by the end of primary education. One feature of most of these ministries is that they are in countries that are the hardest hit by a general HIV epidemic. More specifically, the paper aims to analyse schoolboys’ and schoolgirls’ general knowledge about HIV and AIDS. …

  4. Workshop on mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in the education sector, 4-6 November 2009, Tunis, Tunisia: report

    In collaboration with UNESCO, the Human and Social Development Department (OSHD) from the African Development Bank (ADB) has organized a workshop for ADB staff on HIV and AIDS Mainstreaming in the Education Sector. The workshop aimed to build participants' knowledge and skills related to HIV mainstreaming in the education. …

  5. Working-age adult mortality and primary school attendance in rural Kenya

    The rapid increase in adult mortality due to the AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa raises great concern about potential intergenerational effects on children. This article estimates the impact of AIDS-related adult mortality on primary school attendance in rural Kenya using a panel of 1,266 households surveyed in 1997, 2000, and 2002. The paper distinguishes between effects on boys' and girls' education to understand potential gender differences resulting from adult mortality. We also estimate how adult mortality affects child schooling before as well as after the death occurs. …

  6. Researching gender: explorations into sexuality and HIV/AIDS in African contexts

    The author demonstrates that collaborating with children using a gender-sensitive life-cycle approach yields social and health dividends. The paper focuses upon young people and children engaged in HIV/AIDS education, not only as consumers of information but also as generators of knowledge pertinent to their needs, aspirations, anxieties, fears, hopes and dreams. …

  7. Investing when it counts: generating the evidence base for policies and programmes for very young adolescents. Guide and toolkit

    The guide's objectives include: consideration of the cognitive and developmental changes that occur during early adolescence and what impact they may have on the design of a research study; review of ethical issues to be considered before research with VYAs is conducted; exploration of the breadth and limitations of information that can be gleaned from existing data sets such as the Demographic and Health Surveys; introduction of a number of research methodologies that have been tested already with younger adolescents or that might be expected to be useful in some settings, with discussion of  …

  8. HIV and education sector policies and strategic plans in some African countries

    The present document is divided into the following sections: In chapter 2, responses in the form of general policies and HIV are discussed with the intention to define some criteria for assessing and characterising such instruments. Chapter 3 focuses more on education and tries to highlight some of the main socio-economic characteristics of the relationship between HIV and education. Chapter 4 reviews some African countries national HIV policies and educational policies. …

  9. Education sector responses to HIV and AIDS: learning from good practices in Africa

    This document summarises the key issues regarding HIV and AIDS and the education sector and is based primarily on a review of published literature and the Commonwealth Secretariat (Comsec) and Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) regional workshop held from 12 to 14 September 2006 in South Africa. Section 1 briefly reviews HIV and AIDS and the need for an accelerated response. Section 2 focuses on HIV and AIDS and Education Sector Responses.Section 3 highlights the evidence regarding mass campaigns for HIV and AIDS prevention, education and advocacy. …

  10. At the crossroads: accelerating youth access to HIV/AIDS interventions

    Young people remain at the centre of the epidemic in terms of transmission, vulnerability, impact, and potential for change. Today's young generation, the largest in history, has not known a world without AIDS. Of the over 1 billion young people worldwide, 10 million are currently living with HIV. If we are to reach the global targets set forth in international agreements, urgent action and increased investment must be made in HIV prevention, treatment and care programmes specifically for young people.

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