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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Girls decide: Choices on sex and pregnancy

    This publication is part of a larger IPPF initiative called Girls Decide. The initiative aims to ensure that girls’ and young women’s sexuality and pregnancy-related issues are effectively addressed by leaders and service providers. Girls Decide: Choices on Sex and Pregnancy presents a selection of innovative projects that are examples of good practice, and offer great potential for poverty reduction, female empowerment and development. These projects can guide policy- and decision-makers, educators, service providers and community leaders in rethinking strategies for girls and young women

  2. Gender, sex and HIV: How to adress issues that no-one want to hear about

    This paper discusses the limitations of conventional Information, Education and Communication (IEC) approaches to HIV prevention and describes Stepping Stones, one approach which 1) is more holistic in recognising the location of HIV in a broader sexual and reproductive health (SRH) context; 2) emphasises the importance of a gendered perspective throughout; and 3) works on the basis that, with good facilitation, ordinary community members are those most able to develop the best solutions for their own sexual health needs.

  3. Education au genre : l’école est-elle prête ?

    L’école a toujours été gênée par la dimension intime de l’éducation à la sexualité. Au-delà de l’acte en soi, la sexualité renvoie de façon plus ou moins explicite aux rapports entre les sexes, à leurs tabous et à la myriade de stéréotypes qui vont avec. Si l’école reconnaît la portée sociale de l’éducation à la sexualité, est-elle pour autant prête à mettre en place une véritable éducation au genre ?

  4. (B)order(s). AIDS Review 2011

    This Review reflects on the borders that have been placed around sexual identity, sexual behaviour and sexuality. It also reflects on the need for sexual order in the dominant hetronormative discourse of most societies, where heterosexuality is deemed to be the norm and all other sexual identities and practices the exception to this rule, to be tolerated, albeit in a strained and tense way. …

  5. Third degree. AIDS Review

    This Review is a collaboration between HAICU, based at the University of Cape Town, and the CSA, based at the University of Pretoria. These two organisations are committed to finding ways to understand and explain the HIV and AIDS epidemics, and to determining how tertiary institutions and the wider society may come to address and act on the many complex and fascinating social, moral, political, economic and educational issues that the epidemics raise.

  6. They arrested me for loving a schoolgirl: ethnography, HIV, and a feminist assessment of the age of consent law as a gender-based structural intervention in Uganda

    In 1990 women's rights activists in Uganda successfully lobbied to amend the Defilement Law, raising the age of sexual consent for adolescent females from fourteen to eighteen years old and increasing the maximum sentence to death by hanging. The amendment can be considered a macro-level intervention designed to address the social and health inequalities affecting young women and girls, particularly their disproportionately high rate of HIV as compared to their male counterparts. …

  7. Sexuality and the limits of agency among South African teenage women: theorising femininities and their connections to HIV risk practices

    In South Africa, both HIV and gender-based violence are highly prevalent. Gender inequalities give men considerable relational power over young women, particularly in circumstances of poverty and where sex is materially rewarded. Young women are often described as victims of men, but this inadequately explains women's observed sexual agency. This paper takes a different approach. The authors use qualitative interviews and ethnographic observation among 16 young women from the rural Eastern Cape to explore ways young women construct their femininities and exercise agency. …

  8. Imagined futures IV: sexualities and silences. Conference report

    This conference aimed to explore and understand the determinants of student behaviour in order to develop the best prevention programmes. Sessions included: Gender and HIV; Sexual and Reproductive Rights; VCT - an entry point or stumbling block.

  9. Vijana tunaweza Newala: findings from a participatory research and action project in Tanzania

    Globally, girls and young women are more likely to be hiV-positive than their male peers, due in large part to an array of gender inequalities that negatively impact their their mental and physical well being. The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and Taasisi ya Maendeleo Shirikishi Arusha (TAMASHA), in collaboration with Pact Tanzania, developed a participatory research and action project (Vitu Newala) that aimed to both understand and respond to girls’ HIV-related vulnerabilities. …

  10. Reproductive health for all: taking account of power dynamics between men and women. A training manual

    The training manual was developed within the framework of the regional dimension project "Gender Equity and Reproductive Health and Rights in Asia," coordinated by the Italian Association for Women in Development (AIDOS), under the EC/UNFPA Initiative for Reproductive Health in Asia (RHI). The ultimate aim of this manual is to assist people to develop programmes and projects that promote gender equity and human rights. The manual has been developed to skilled trainers in participatory adult learning methods and for those who are able to facilitate group learning. …

  11. Sex is not power

    The key messages of the poster are that having sex does not need any special power or ability and that the capacity to have sex with and satisfy women is not the essence of manhood.

  12. Gender, reproductive health, and advocacy: a trainer's manual

    A two-week, 15 session curriculum that uses participatory methodologies to equip NGOs to implement reproductive health programmes and strategies. The workshop familiarizes participants with the ICPD Programme of Action and framework of reproductive health, helps participants identify how their organizations' programmes fit within this broadened reproductive health framework, and assists participants to develop strategies and action plans for expanding and integrating organizational activities in the area of gender, reproductive health and/or advocacy.

  13. Gender and reproductive health policy: experiences from the field

    The study undertaken by the POLICY Project to examine what it means operationally to integrate gender into an ARH policy project. Objectives of the study were to identify how the project has operationalized gender, identify results achieved; recommend ways to strengthen gender sensitive approaches; and share lessons learned and better practices and collaborative practices.

  14. Gender and HIV/AIDS

    Sexual specificity is defined in terms of what it means to be a man or a woman in society. Sexual specificity has a bearing on opportunities and the distribution of social roles. Social norms play a part in the spreading of HIV. Whether female, male or young, the contamination risks are determined by social projections on the sexes. Therefore, the social dimension of sex cannot be ignored in prevention.

  15. Adolescence education

    A four-module package for educators on family life education. It is designed as a practical resource guide for teachers, teacher educators, guidance counsellors, youth workers, etc. who are engaged in teaching, training and communicating family life education to adolescents.

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