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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Stop violence against girls in school

    Violence is a major barrier to education for millions of girls across the globe. The prevalence of violence against girls affects both their rights to education and their rights in education, and is the focus of a new ActionAid International advocacy initiative. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), including Goal 2 (universal primary education) and Goal 3 (gender equality), make no explicit mention of violence against girls as a critical structural barrier to education (UN 2000). …

  2. Gender-based violence and HIV/AIDS in South Africa: organisational responses

    The linkages between HIV/AIDS and gender-based violence have been identified in a recent literature review (Kistner 2003). …

  3. (Un) real. AIDS Review 2004

    AIDS Review 2004 addresses the ways in which this epidemic has positioned men and the crucial roles that men can play in the social and political responses to HIV and AIDS. We address the construction of male identities and 'maleness' and the ways in which masculinities and male sexuality has been understood. …

  4. Conspiracy of silence? Stamping out abuse in African Schools

    This article promotes the need to urgently look at the scope of sexual abuse occurring in schools and its significant repercussions. Emphasizes need for standard procedures governing how schools address allegations and treat survivors of this violence. Summarizes research in SSA that looks at role of school culture and society in defining gender identities, the centrality of violence in adolescent sexual relationships and in schools and the contradicting messages of empowerment in schools health curricula against the behaviours with the school itself.

  5. Dangerous game of love? Challenging male machismo

    This paper examines data for 30 Xhosa youth aged 16 to 24 from township schools in South Africa. Major findings focus on the pervasive nature of violence for young people today: beating is the normative response in their homes, at schools and in their relationships. Masculinity is defined by th number of sex partners, choice of main partner and ability to control girlfriends. Feminity is based on girls desirability to the opposite sex. Concludes with suggestions for policy changes, emphasizing the need for government to promote accountability for its behaviour.

  6. Safe haven for girls: can teachers challenge gender violence?

    Introduces a manual developed for South Africa on how to hold 8 interactive workshops with school management to increase awareness and mobilise action towards gender violence in schools. This paper discusses current challenges for government to prioritise the problem including making it part of the national curriculum

  7. The sugar daddy trap: Peer pressure pushes girls into sex

    This paper summarises research findings that male sexual aggression against girls is endemic and institutionalized in Zimbabwe. Specifically, findings suggest that adolescent peer group culture in schools encourage students to conform to stereotypical behaviours that make girls vulnerable to sexual abuse. It concludes with a list of strategies for implementation and at schools within communities.

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