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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP): sexual and gender-based violence; brief, March 2018

    Acceptability and experience of sexual and gender-based violence is alarmingly high among adolescent girls in Zambia. Even more striking is the very young age from which notions of violence are ingrained and experience with violence begins. This brief summarizes the Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP) evaluation which demonstrated that in the Zambian context, a program focused on changing norms among girls themselves is not enough to impact attitudes toward and experience of violence. …

  2. Expanding the evidence base and networks for sexual violence response in East and Southern Africa: completion report for the period May 2014–February 2018

    The Population Council’s cooperation with Regional Team for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR), and Embassy of Sweden, Lusaka (‘the Team’) on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in East and Southern Africa has spanned over a decade, emerging in late 2006 in response to high levels of SGBV in the region, coupled with minimal understanding of how to respond to the issue in the low-resource settings that this region includes. …

  3. Sexual violence and sexual harassment between children in schools and colleges: advice for governing bodies, proprietors, headteachers, principals, senior leadership teams and designated safeguarding leads

    The advice sets out what sexual violence and sexual harassment is, how to minimise the risk of it occurring and what to do when it does occur, or is alleged to have occurred. The advice highlights best practice and cross-references other advice, statutory guidance and the legal framework. It is for individual schools and colleges to develop their own policies and procedures. It is important that policies and procedures are developed in line with their legal obligations, including the Human Rights Act 1998 and the Equality Act 2010, especially the Public Sector Equality Duty. …

  4. Situational analysis on the status of sexual and reproductive health of students and gender-based violence in technical and vocational colleges in Malawi

    UNESCO commissioned a study to conduct a situational analysis on the status of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) of students and gender-based violence (GBV) in technical and vocational colleges (TVCs) in Malawi operating under the Technical, Entrepreneurship and Vocational (TEVET) system. The methodology comprised of a desk review, survey, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions. …

  5. Conceptual framework for measuring school-related gender-based violence: EdData II: Data for Education Research and Programming (DERP) in Africa

    This document provides precise definitions of the various acts of violence and abuse that constitute SRGBV for clarity of measurement.

  6. Protocolo de actuación para el abordaje de la violencia sexual en las comunidades educativas de El Salvador

    El Protocolo de actuación para el abordaje de la violencia sexual en las comunidades educativas de El Salvador busca orientar a la comunidad educativa hacia la “cero tolerancia” de los delitos del acoso sexual, agresión sexual y violación sexual, conductas que atentan contra la integridad física y emocional de niñas, niños y adolescentes en El Salvador.

  7. Sexuelle Gewalt: Leitfaden für Pädagoginnen und Pädagogen: rechtliche Situation

    Beschreibung der Auswirkungen sexueller Gewalt und Darstellung von Interventionsmöglichkeiten in der Schule.

  8. Engaging communities in dialogue on gender norms to tackle sexual violence in and around schools

    The purpose of this technical note is to 1) explain how gender norms shape sexual violence, and why it is critical to incorporate dialogue and action on gender norms in SRGBV interventions, and 2) identify promising approaches to addressing gender norms within programs aimed at ending SRGBV, and sexual violence in particular. …

  9. Assessing school climate towards sustainable learning for all in Sub-Saharan Africa: Perspectives from unstable health to school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV)

    The objective of the current study is to explore the use of Rasch scaling technique to construct a Perceived School Disorder Index (PSDI) in order to see if there are ‘stages’ of evolution in a school climate. More specifically, the research questions for the current study are: Which items constitute the PSDI in Sub-Saharan African countries? What profile of behavioural problems are likely to emerge at different stages of the school climate? What were boys’ and girls’ learning outcomes at each stage of the school climate?

  10. Effectiveness of a comprehensive sexual and gender-based violence prevention project for in-school girls in Swaziland

    Swaziland is one of the sub-Saharan African countries affected by Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) and HIV and AIDS, with women facing greater risk compared to men. In response to increasing reports of violence against women and children in the country, the Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA) launched a Girls’ Empowerment Clubs (GEC) program in primary and secondary schools in order prevent SGBV cases. …

  11. Gender based violence in South African schools

    This paper looks at issues of gender-based violence in the education sector in South Africa through a review of literature and statistics of recent research by international organizations.

  12. Boys are more vulnerable than girls to school-related gender-based violence: results from a survey in Zambia

    In Zambia, 47% percent of women aged 15-49 have ever experienced physical violence & 15% experienced sexual and/or gender-based violence (DHS 2007). School-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) is a global problem with serious implications for individual and population health and education outcomes. SRGBV results in sexual, physical, or psychological harm to girls and boys. SRGBV may include any form of violence or abuse based on gendered stereotypes or that targets students on the basis of their sex. …

  13. Give us a chance: National study on school-related gender-based violence in Sierra Leone

    The main objective of the study is to contribute to efforts aimed at enhancing children's access to quality basic education and strengthening protection against GBV in and on the way to school. The study seeks to generate reliable data and information on causes, forms, victims and perpetrators of GBV within the school settings, which will inform advocacy and the design of appropriate interventions to reduce incidences of GBV and its impact on educational outcomes. …

  14. Too often in silence: a report on school-based violence in West and Central Africa

    Corporal punishment, sexual violence and bullying are some of the areas explored in this joint report by Plan, ActionAid, Save the Children Sweden and UNICEF on school-based violence in West and Central Africa. …

  15. Violences de genre, violences sexistes à l’école. Tome 1

    Le dossier du présent numéro vise à éclairer la thématique des violences scolaires en proposant une analyse genrée ou sexuée du phénomène. Les contributions s’appuient sur des résultats de recherches empiriques et reposent sur des méthodologies explicites, qualitatives et/ ou quantitatives. Elles permettent non seulement de dresser un état des lieux des violences scolaires en fonction du sexe ou du genre des élèves (et/ ou des adultes) dans des contextes éducatifs variés, mais elles visent également à éclairer les mécanismes à l’origine de ces violences. …

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