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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The effects of school-related gender-based violence on academic performance : evidence from Botswana, Ghana and South Africa

    School-Related Gender-Based Violence (SRGBV) is a global phenomenon that has the potential for serious and significant effects on students’ well-being and performance. It is based on and reinforces gendered stereotypes present in society and includes a variety of behaviors, such as sexual violence and harassment, corporal punishment, and bullying. The impact of school violence on students’ health and psychological development has been well documented. However, research on the consequences of school violence on academic achievement in different contexts was not addressed until recent times. …

  2. Investing when it counts: reviewing the evidence and charting a course of research and action for very young adolescents

    Early adolescence, age 10 to 14, is a pivotal moment in the lives of young girls and boys around the world. It is period of rapid development where important health and social knowledge is gained, lifelong behaviors are established, beliefs and attitudes are shaped, and the foundation is built for adulthood. This period offers a window of opportunity for program interventions to help shape the life trajectories of boys and girls and to improve the future physical and economic health and well-being of entire communities. …

  3. Protocolo de atención integral en salud sexual y reproductiva a mujeres viviendo con VIH. Orientaciones complementarias para el programa nacional de salud de la mujer

    Para el Ministerio de Salud es de gran relevancia presentar y poner a disposición de la Red Asistencial Pública, este Protocolo de Atención Integral en Salud Sexual y Reproductiva para Mujeres Viviendo con VIH, como una contribución hacia el mejoramiento de su calidad de vida, bajo los principios del enfoque de ética, derechos, equidad y no discriminación. …

  4. Cameroun Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples (EDS-MICS) 2011

    Les informations collectées au cours de l’EDS-MICS 2011 permettent de mettre à jour des indicateurs de base sur la situation démographique et sanitaire estimés lors des précédentes EDS de 1991, 1998 et 2004 et des précédentes MICS de 2000 et 2006. Ces données vont aussi faciliter le suivi et l’évaluation des programmes de lutte contre le VIH/sida, du paludisme et ceux concernant spécifiquement la santé maternelle et infantile et le bien-être familial. …

  5. Egypt Youth Data Sheet: Selected data from SYPE 2009

    This wall chart provides a summary of selected key indicators (marriage and family formation; knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS; attitudes toward gender role and practices; school, work and civic participation) for youth in Egypt as abstracted from the Population Councils 2009 Survey of Young People in Egypt (SYPE).

  6. Integrating Gender Issues into HIV/AIDS Programs. An Updated Operations Guide

    This updated Operations Guide offers practical examples of how to strengthen HIV/AIDS programs by integrating a gender perspective. Revised sections reflect the latest information about the epidemic, address breakthrough issues, and share new lessons learned. As such, it will be useful to national HIV/ AIDS program management teams, national policy makers, public and non-public service providers, and World Bank staff. As this Operations Guide is a dynamic and evolving tool, the team welcomes additional practical and current examples from its users for inclusion in the future.

  7. Encuesta nacional de demografía y salud sexual y reproductiva (ENDSSR) 2008

    The 2008 national Survey of Demography and Reproductive and Sexual Health, ENDSSR-2008, was conducted by the Paraguayan Center of Population Studies (CEPEP), with the cooperation of the United States Agency of International Development (USAID), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), and with the technical assistance of the Division of Reproductive Health of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia USA. …

  8. Gender and HIV in the Pacific Islands Region

    This study presents evidence linking the spread of HIV with gender inequality in law and in custom in Pacific Island countries and territories. It suggests recommendations based on the findings, proposing policy responses and programme approaches which can and should be fundamental to fighting the spread of HIV in Pacific Island countries and territories. …

  9. Violencia contra las mujeres y VIH/sida en cuatro países del MERCOSUR: Estadísticas, políticas públicas, legislación y estado del arte

    El presente informe se realizó en el marco del Proyecto "Dos caras de una misma realidad. Violencia contra las mujeres y feminización del VIH en el Mercosur", realizado en Argentina, Brasil, Chile y Uruguay con el apoyo del Fondo Fiduciario del Fondo de Desarrollo de Naciones Unidas para la Mujer (UNIFEM). Como parte de dicho proyecto, en 2008 las organizaciones responsables de cada país elaboraron un informe de situación nacional en base a una guía común de manera de contar con información comparable. …

  10. Salud sexual y reproductiva en Chile - 2007: actualización de datos estadísticos

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue recolectar, actualizar y describir la información estadística disponible relacionada con salud sexual y reproductiva (SSR) en el país, incluido el VIH/SIDA y las ITS, considerando la perspectiva de género y étnica de Chile. De este modo, se da cuenta de los siguientes temas específicos: estadísticas vitales y demográficas, sexualidad en adolescentes y jóvenes, embarazo, regulación de la fecundidad, VIH/SIDA e ITS, violencia, salud en hombres y mujeres. …

  11. Integrating Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS interventions: A Compendium of programs in Africa

    The public health and international development communities have known for nearly two decades that gender - the way in which societies define acceptable roles, responsibilities, and behaviors of women and men - strongly influences how HIV spreads and how people respond to the epidemic. Because of the interrelated factors that contribute to HIV infection, there is growing recognition that using multiple approaches in HIV and AIDS programming is more effective than single strategies. …

  12. Rethinking how to prevent HIV in young people: evidence from two large randomised controlled trials in Tanzania and Zimbabwe

    The MEMA kwa Vijana (Tanzania) and Regai Dzive Shiri (Zimbabwe) adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention trials focused on developing skills and changing attitudes and self-efficacy to change behaviours. The trials show a clear gap between young people's knowledge, and their reported attitudes and behaviour. …

  13. Gender-based violence in sub-Saharan Africa: a review of demographic and health survey findings and their use in national planning

    Gender-based violence (GBV) is a pervasive human rights issue with public health consequences. The growing body of evidence on violence and HIV/AIDS continues to confirm that violence is a lead factor in the 'feminization' of the global AIDS epidemic and the disproportionately higher rates of HIV-infection among women and girls, who now represent at least half of those infected worldwide and about 60% of those infected in sub-Saharan Africa. The main purposes of this desk review are to: 1. …

  14. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  15. A research study on impact of adolescence education on adolescent reproductive health and behaviour

    This research study is a valuable document for policy makers, teachers, parents and community leaders to explore the knowledge, awareness and attitude in adolescence education in India. The analysis could be used as a reference for the programmes and projects related to the adolescents and their sexual behaviour, including sexual initiation, risky sexual behavior, and coerced sex. …

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