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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Know Your HIV/AIDS epidemic from a gender perspective: Rwanda Report

    Decades of research from around the world has demonstrated that gender inequality negatively affects a range of health outcomes for adults, and gender inequality has been recognized as a key driver of the worldwide HIV epidemic. Managers at the national and subnational levels need information on the intersection of gender and HIV to address gender in the planning and implementing of HIV programs. Policy makers need information on interventions that are effective in accounting for gender inequities for decision making on national and global levels. …

  2. Integrating strategies to address gender-based violence and engage men and boys to advance gender equality through National Strategic Plans on HIV and AIDS: Meeting Summary

    National strategies and plans – focusing on HIV and beyond – are key platforms for articulating an HIV response that advances gender equality, champions women’s rights, engages men and boys, and ends GBV as a cause and consequence of HIV. As such, the Johannesburg December 2012 meeting supported delegations from six countries to review their current national policies, strategies, and plans, and assess the strengths and weaknesses of these plans with regard to addressing GBV and engaging men and boys for gender equality. …

  3. Policy analysis tool: Addressing gender-based violence and integrating attention to engaging men and boys for gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS

    Policy analysis tool: Addressing gender-based violence and integrating attention to engaging men and boys for gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS

  4. Mainstreaming Gender in HIV Responses in Kenya: National Action Plan 2009/10 – 2012/13

    The objective of this National Action Plan is to facilitate stakeholders to mainstream gender dimensions in the designs, plans, structures and processes of policies, financing mechanisms, programmes, monitoring, evaluation and research frameworks as they respond to the epidemic. The plan provides a framework for improved and accelerated response, coordination and monitoring of the intersecting gender issues within the national response to HIV during the period 2009/10 – 212/13.

  5. Strengthening gender based violence and HIV response in sub-Saharan Africa. Report of workshop organised by Liverpool VCT, Care and treatment (LVCT), World Health Organization (WHO) and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI)

    The Regional Workshop on Strengthening Gender Based Violence and HIV Response and Services in Sub-Saharan Africa was organized jointly by Liverpool VCT, Care and Treatment (LVCT), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI). It was supported by Comic Relief through Trocaire, the United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence against Women, the Elton John AIDS Foundation, and Population Council. …

  6. The importance of addressing gender inequality in efforts to end vertical transmission of HIV

    The recently launched ‘‘Global Plan towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children by 2015 and Keeping their Mothers Alive’’ sets forth ambitious targets that will require more widespread implementation of comprehensive prevention of vertical HIV transmission (PMTCT) programmes. As PMTCT policymakers and implementers work toward these new goals, increased attention must be paid to the role that gender inequality plays in limiting PMTCT programmatic progress. …

  7. Masculinities and condom use patterns among young rural South Africa men: a cross-sectional baseline survey

    Notions of ideal manhood in South Africa are potentially prescriptive of male sexuality thus accounting for the behaviors which may lead to men being at greater HIV risk. We tested the hypothesis that gender and relationship constructs are associated with condom use among young men living in rural South Africa. 1219 men aged 15–26 years completed a cross-sectional baseline survey from an IsiXhosa questionnaire asking about sexual behaviour and relationships. …

  8. Maisha Newsletter December 2011

    Maisha+ focuses on sharing experiences and lessons in reaching out to the hard-to-reach community populations in Sub Saharan African with HIV and AIDS interventions. In this issue: -Towards zero HIV infections, discrimination and AIDS deaths for hard to reach communities -Violence against women contributing to spread of HIV -Supporting Associations of people living with HIV in Uganda -Challenges in addressing traditional beliefs and practices in HIV and AIDS among the Maasai -Working with sexual minorities in Rwanda -Stop the discrimination! -testimony from a victim of assault

  9. HIV/AIDS and conflicts: micro evidence from Burundi

    This paper studies the relationship between civil war and HIV/AIDS in Burundi. It contributes to the empirical literature by providing micro level evidence using an identication strategy based on original data on the dynamics of rebel movements. The presence of exit and entry points from and to rebel safe havens is used to generate exogenous variation in con ict intensity. These points are plausibly assumed to serve as starting or end points for rebel attack, but are not directly related to HIV/AIDS or correlated with unobservables. …

  10. Gender and sexuality: emerging perspectives from the heterosexual epidemic in South Africa and implications for HIV risk and prevention

    Research shows that gender power inequity in relationships and intimate partner violence places women at enhanced risk of HIV infection. Men who have been violent towards their partners are more likely to have HIV. Men's behaviours show a clustering of violent and risky sexual practices, suggesting important connections. This paper draws on Raewyn Connell's notion of hegemonic masculinity and reflections on emphasized femininities to argue that these sexual, and male violent, practices are rooted in and flow from cultural ideals of gender identities. …

  11. A gender-based analysis of HIV/AIDS in Belize

    In this report, we present a Gender-Based Analysis (GBA) of HIV/AIDS in Belize. Added analysis of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and gender-based violence (GBV) is provided, as they affect biological risks and social vulnerabilities and help inform the GBA of HIV/AIDS. The objective is to explore current epidemiological patterns and trends, access to testing and treatment, health-related outcomes, and various risk factors associated with contracting HIV/AIDS among men, women, boys and girls living in Belize.

  12. HIV and violence against women in Belize

    The overall objective of this study was to explore the potential intersections between two forms of violence against women (VAW) - partner violence and non-partner violence - among users of VAW and HIV services and to document their experiences, knowledge and perceptions on HIV and violence. The information was collected using a standardized questionnaire in each participant country in order to collect and compare data in a multi-country analysis. In Belize seventy-four (74) women were interviewed, 32 users of HIV services and 42 users of VAW services countrywide during 2007. …

  13. Evaluation de la Prise en Compte du Genre dans les programmes et projets de lutte contre le SIDA au Senegal

    Cette évaluation est un exercice qui permet de mettre en lumière la situation du genre dans les projets et programmes de lutte contre le SIDA face à la réalité de la vulnérabilité des femmes et de la violation de leurs droits humains mais aussi une occasion d'entendre les partenaires sur leurs perspectives, leurs aspirations en termes de partenariats pour parfaire leurs approches. Les facteurs de vulnérabilité des femmes au VIH/SIDA sont d'ordre légal, socioculturel, économique politique et institutionnel.

  14. Encuesta nacional de demografía y salud sexual y reproductiva (ENDSSR) 2008

    The 2008 national Survey of Demography and Reproductive and Sexual Health, ENDSSR-2008, was conducted by the Paraguayan Center of Population Studies (CEPEP), with the cooperation of the United States Agency of International Development (USAID), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), and with the technical assistance of the Division of Reproductive Health of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia USA. …

  15. Manual "Violencia hacia las mujeres y riesgo de adquirir el VIH/SIDA"

    El Manual "Violencia Hacia las Mujeres y Riesgo de Adquirir el VIH/SIDA" contiene información respecto a la violencia familiar y/o sexual hacia las mujeres como factor de riesgo ante el VIH/SIDA. Además, presenta información sobre la realidad de las mujeres que viven con el VIH/SIDA, mostrando como muchos de sus derechos se ven vulnerados por esta condición, por lo que también se expone las normas que existen para garantizarlos.

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