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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Women-centered curriculum: addressing HIV among women and the gender dimensions of HIV in the Middle East and North Africa region

    The purpose of this Women's Workshop Curriculum is to support a truly sustainable HIV response in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region, centered on positive leadership, women's leadership, prevention, education, and mentorship, as well as gender equity and sensitivity. It is the first curriculum of its kind to be implemented by and for women living with HIV in the MENA Region and thus marks a shift in power from people living with HIV (PLHIV) as beneficiaries, imparters of testimonies, and workshop participants to experts taking a more active role in the response to HIV. …

  2. Approaches to gender and sexuality: responding to HIV. Report of the findings of a survey amongst Alliance linking organisations

    Gender and sexuality have long been recognised as key factors affecting the dynamics of the HIV epidemic. Issues vary across communities and countries, but power imbalances, harmful social norms, violence and marginalisation affect women, men, girls, boys and transgender people across the world, limiting their ability to prevent HIV infection. There are a growing number of HIV and broader health initiatives that not only highlight gender issues, but also aim to change harmful norms and practices. These are called "gender-transformative" approaches. …

  3. Girls Speak: A New Voice in Global Development

    Girls Speak: A New Voice in Global Development is part of a series of reports on investing in adolescent girls in the developing world. This report examines qualitative data on what girls say about their aspirations across different settings and contexts. From a girl's perspective, policies and programs need to address the harmful social norms that constrain her role and opportunities in society, and provide a greater vision for her life. In their own words, girls are saying that the context and environment that shapes their lives - how they live and what they aspire to - must be addressed. …

  4. Addressing gender and rights in your sex/HIV education curriculum: a starter checklist

    Attitudes and roles regarding gender are an important determinant of sexual health outcomes (including age at first sex, number of sexual partners, frequency of adolescent intercourse, use of condoms and contraceptives, and HIV infection). Fostering young people's critical reflection about gender role socialization has been proven to change attitudes and to lead to healthier sexual behavior. This checklist can help you assess how effectively your curriculum is addressing these issues and help you identify changes that can strengthen your curriculum. …

  5. A plan of action for mainstreaming gender into the Promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Reduction Program in Nigeria (PSRHH)

    This document presents the plan of action for mainstreaming gender into the Promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health & HIV/AIDS Reduction in Nigeria (PSRHH) programme. The purpose of this plan is to outline how the PSRHH programme will address specific community gender needs in relation to HIV/AIDS/RSH. The plan also promotes the right of, women and men as well as young people to age-appropriate information on HIV and AIDS prevention and care services. …

  6. Men-streaming in sexual and reproductive health and HIV: a toolkit for policy development and advocacy

    Sexual and reproductive health and rights and HIV programmes are likely to have greater impact on communities if they address constructively the actual and potential role of men in society. At present, however, many such programmes often fail to target men, to address their specific needs and understand the wider influence of male and female gender norms. This Men-streaming toolkit helps organizations create, and advocate for, affirmative policies which promote the positive roles that men can play in improving their own sexual and reproductive health - and those of women and children. …

  7. Where are the gaps?: HIV and gender pre-service teacher training curriculum and practices in East Africa

    Education, especially girls' education, is seen as the most effective protection against the HIV epidemic that has severely affected the school systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Effective HIV and AIDS education in schools can be achieved through high quality teaching, along with targeted and specific information about HIV and AIDS as part of a robust curriculum. Effective teacher-preparedness is a must for high quality HIV education in the classroom. …

  8. Gender, HIV/AIDS and the status of teachers. Report of the Third Commonwealth Teachers Research Symposium

    In February 2008 the Commonwealth Secretariat collaborated with Education International, the worldwide umbrella organisation of teachers unions, to hold the third in a series of research symposiums. Researchers from Ghana, Jamaica, Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, the United Kingdom and Zambia met in Maputo to address the most critical human resource for the achievement of education goals - the teacher. …

  9. Gender and HIV Prevention Education in the Asia and Pacific Region

    This paper is a collection, both previously published and new, describing efforts in the Asia/Pacific region to target young women with HIV prevention health messages. It seeks to provide non-formal HIV prevention educators with information and tools that will help them understand the complexities of gender specific to the region.

  10. Finding our voices. Gender and sexual identities and HIV/AIDS in education

    Of the 8,600,000 young people living with HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, 67 percent are young women and 33 percent are young men (Young People and HIV/AIDS: Opportunity in Crisis, UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO, 2001). The Girls' Education Programme recognises 'gender' as the features associated in specific cultures with masculinity and femininity, and acknowledges that not all societies and cultures share the same ideas of what it means to be male or female. …

  11. The voices and identities of Botswana's school children. Gender, sexuality, HIV/AIDS and life skills in education

    Although Botswana's youth constitute 47% of the total population, HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-19 years stands at 22.8% and 38.6% for the 20-24 year olds. The 2004 Botswana AIDS Impact Survey (BAIS II) results continue to show that the virus has a very acute gender dimension, where for every HIV positive boy aged 15-19 years, there are three HIV positive girls. Although education statistics (2001) show a general decline in primary school dropout rate, pregnancy alone contributed to 1.8% of all dropouts nationwide. …

  12. Report of the national conference on education and training

    The Kenyan Ministry of Education, Science and Technology organized in November 2003 a three day national conference on education and training. The objectives of the conference were to build consensus on policies and strategies in education and training for improved performance in the sector. Section one of this report provides the background with respect to policy background, objective, expected outputs, organizations and opening of the conference. Section two captures the recommandations made by the syndicate discussions group. …

  13. Changing times, changing attitudes: alternative portrayals of men and women

    Cet ouvrage présente des extraits des émissions de programmes de radio relatifs à l'équité entre les sexes à destination des programmes d'éducation non formelle. Les thèmes abordés sont le VIH & sida, la violence familiale, l'exploitation des jeunes bonnes, le mariage des enfants et la répartition inégale des travaux ménagers. Le Projet spécial pour les femmes et les filles en Afrique UNESCO-DANIDA organise et soutient une série d'ateliers pour la production de programmes radio et de matériel de lecture. …

  14. Gendering prevention practices: a practical guide to working with gender in sexual safety and HIV and AIDS awareness education

    This manual is based on an action research project that explored gender relations in HIV and AIDS education in Estonia. It contains practical resources for educators or trainers seeking to take a gendered approach to HIV and AIDS awareness raising activities with young people. The manual aims at providing some concrete suggestions for activities that can allow and encourage people to enter the debates about gender issues, examine gender systems in their own society and connect the gender issues they identify to key challenges of sexual transmission of HIV and AIDS. …

  15. Researching gender: explorations into sexuality and HIV/AIDS in African contexts

    The author demonstrates that collaborating with children using a gender-sensitive life-cycle approach yields social and health dividends. The paper focuses upon young people and children engaged in HIV/AIDS education, not only as consumers of information but also as generators of knowledge pertinent to their needs, aspirations, anxieties, fears, hopes and dreams. …

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