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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender, sex and HIV: How to adress issues that no-one want to hear about

    This paper discusses the limitations of conventional Information, Education and Communication (IEC) approaches to HIV prevention and describes Stepping Stones, one approach which 1) is more holistic in recognising the location of HIV in a broader sexual and reproductive health (SRH) context; 2) emphasises the importance of a gendered perspective throughout; and 3) works on the basis that, with good facilitation, ordinary community members are those most able to develop the best solutions for their own sexual health needs.

  2. Gender Dynamics and Sexual Norms among Youth in Mali in the Context of HIV/AIDS Prevention

    Socially constructed ideas of gender norms and values attached to sexuality need to be considered when aiming to build the young people’s capacity to adopt HIV preventive behaviours. We conducted ten focus groups and sixteen individual interviews to explore sexual norms among youth in Bamako. Premarital sex, multiple partnering, condom use and transactional sex were discussed. The findings suggest that young people’s sexual norms are shaped by kin or authoritative elders as well as by external influences coming from Western culture. …

  3. Gender-based violence and HIV: A review of the policy and legislative context in Southern and Eastern Africa

    This paper provides an analysis of the broad policy and legislative context for gender-based violence in the context of HIV across the 20 countries in southern and eastern Africa.

  4. If I buy the Kellogg’s then he should [buy] the milk: young women’s perspectives on relationship dynamics, gender power and HIV risk in Johannesburg, South Africa

    Ideals of masculinity and femininity may limit South African women's decision making power in relationships and increase their risk of HIV infection. The authors conducted 30 in-depth interviews with 18-24-year-old women in inner-city Johannesburg with the aim of understanding young women's expectations of intimate relationships with men, their perceptions of gender and power and how this influences HIV risk. …

  5. Engaging boys and men in gender transformation: The group education manual

    This 11-chapter manual offers trainers an array of participatory experiential exercises to reach men (and their partners), exploring gender socialization and its impact on HIV prevention and care. Piloted in Ethiopia, Namibia, South Africa and Tanzania, the manual is designed to assist master trainers in developing curricula to work with men and boys on gender, HIV and AIDS issues. …

  6. Policy analysis tool: Addressing gender-based violence and integrating attention to engaging men and boys for gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS

    Policy analysis tool: Addressing gender-based violence and integrating attention to engaging men and boys for gender equality in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS

  7. Mainstreaming Gender in HIV Responses in Kenya: National Action Plan 2009/10 – 2012/13

    The objective of this National Action Plan is to facilitate stakeholders to mainstream gender dimensions in the designs, plans, structures and processes of policies, financing mechanisms, programmes, monitoring, evaluation and research frameworks as they respond to the epidemic. The plan provides a framework for improved and accelerated response, coordination and monitoring of the intersecting gender issues within the national response to HIV during the period 2009/10 – 212/13.

  8. Gender Audit of the National Response to HIV and AIDS, Kenya

    The overall objective of the assignment was to audit the national HIV and AIDS response from a gender-sensitive standpoint. The audit was to be done with special attention inclined to the structures and processes through which programmes and interventions are prioritized, planned, monitored, evaluated and resourced. The audit findings were expected to provide national guidance for effective gender integration in the processes for delivery of results as espoused in the KNASP III. Key outcomes of this report include: 1. …

  9. Gender operational plan for the HIV response in Tanzania Mainland

    The vision of this Operational Plan is ‘Tanzania is united in its efforts to reduce the spread of HIV and provide the best available care for women, men, girls and boys infected with or affected by the virus.’ Its mission is 'Guiding and safeguarding the intensification and scaling up of gender sensitive quality HIV & AIDS prevention, care, treatment, support and impact mitigation programs and interventions within a framework of a well-coordinated national multisectoral response programme led by Central Governments, anchored at the Local Government Authorities, rooted in communities and active …

  10. Strengthening gender based violence and HIV response in sub-Saharan Africa. Report of workshop organised by Liverpool VCT, Care and treatment (LVCT), World Health Organization (WHO) and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI)

    The Regional Workshop on Strengthening Gender Based Violence and HIV Response and Services in Sub-Saharan Africa was organized jointly by Liverpool VCT, Care and Treatment (LVCT), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI). It was supported by Comic Relief through Trocaire, the United Nations Trust Fund to End Violence against Women, the Elton John AIDS Foundation, and Population Council. …

  11. Are there any disparities between girls and boys in the response of the education sector to HIV and AIDS? Assessment of educational HIV/AIDS prevention programmes applied by SACMEQ III countries

    This paper aims to assess whether the goals of the in-school programmes on prevention of HIV and AIDS that are taught in primary schools of 15 national ministries of education in Southern and Eastern Africa have been reached equitably between boys and girls by the end of primary education. One feature of most of these ministries is that they are in countries that are the hardest hit by a general HIV epidemic. More specifically, the paper aims to analyse schoolboys’ and schoolgirls’ general knowledge about HIV and AIDS. …

  12. The Youth to Youth Initiative – an assessment of results in Ethiopia and Kenya

    This report, commissioned by the Gesellschaft für International Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), brings out findings of an external assessment of the Youth-to-Youth (Y2Y) Initiative in Ethiopia and Kenya. The aim was to assess the results of the Y2Y-Initiative for young people with an emphasis on gender equality in the project regions both at individual level for participating young women and men as well as at the level of potentially changed perceptions of, and attitudes towards young people, in particular women, in their social environment.

  13. Zanzibar gender mainstreaming operational plan

    This Zanzibar gender operational plan is a follow up to implement the recommended strategies which were contained in the gender and HIV&AIDS publication. …

  14. Education sector response to HIV and AIDS: assessment on responses of higher education institutions to HIV/AIDS and gender in Ethiopia

    This assessment is based on an institution-based cross-sectional survey conducted with the main objective of assessing the current status of HIV/AIDS and gender responses of higher education institutions in Ethiopia. Eighteen public and four private HEIs located in nine regions of the country were covered by the study. The study was conducted between October and November 2011. The HEIs covered by this assessment have organized their HIV/AIDS program at different levels. …

  15. Gender violence and HIV: Perceptions and experiences of violence and other rights abuses against women living with HIV in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu Natal and Western Cape, South Africa

    The AIDS Legal Network (ALN), in collaboration with Her Rights Initiative (HRI), South Africa Positive Women Ambassadors (SAPWA), South Africa Partners, and the Mitchell’s Plain Network Opposing Abuse, engaged in a study to assess perceptions and experiences of violence and other rights abuses against women living with HIV. …

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