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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A plan of action for mainstreaming gender into the Promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Reduction Program in Nigeria (PSRHH)

    This document presents the plan of action for mainstreaming gender into the Promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health & HIV/AIDS Reduction in Nigeria (PSRHH) programme. The purpose of this plan is to outline how the PSRHH programme will address specific community gender needs in relation to HIV/AIDS/RSH. The plan also promotes the right of, women and men as well as young people to age-appropriate information on HIV and AIDS prevention and care services. …

  2. Sexual risk among orphaned adolescents: is country-level HIV prevalence an important factor?

    Previous studies from sub-Saharan Africa have found that orphans experience increased sexual risk compared to non-orphans. This article developed a theoretical framework for the investigation of determinants of HIV risk and used it to generate specific hypotheses regarding the effect of country-level HIV prevalence on the sexual risk experience of orphans. It expected that countries with high HIV prevalence would experience a higher prevalence of orphanhood. …

  3. Gender audit on Tanzania national response to HIV and AIDS: report

    This Gender Audit Report presents findings on the gender dimensions within the national response to HIV/AIDS in Tanzania. It was centred on the existing documents on policies, guidelines, advocacy and monitoring tools that are used in guiding the strategies for multisectoral national response. …

  4. Political Breakthrough: Mobilizing Accelerated Action to End Violence Against Women and Girls by 2015

    While violence against women and girls (VAW/G) is a factor in all the MDGs, it is linked particularly closely with HIV/AIDS, as both a cause and a consequence of the pandemic. Like HIV/AIDS, violence against women and girls has complex roots, driven by socio-economic issues and gendered power dynamics. Similarly, both HIV/AIDS and VAW/G require a holistic response that cuts across sectors and stakeholders. This report assesses the programs and policies being implemented by the Global Fund, the U.S. …

  5. Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

    Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities is a document that aims to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. …

  6. Etude sur l'intégration du genre dans les programmes de lutte contre le SIDA

    Cette étude sur l'intégration du genre dans les programmes de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA est une étude évaluative menée auprès des institutions oeuvrant dans le secteur de la lutte contre le SIDA au Rwanda. Les institutions évaluées sont celles du secteur public, privé, ainsi que le secteur communautaire et les structures organisationnelles. …

  7. Policy Guidance to Male Involvement in SRH, HIV/AIDS and Gender Based Violence Prevention and Management: An Addendum to Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Policy Guidelines and Service Standards

    In Botswana, the development and implementation of the Programme of Action on Male Involvement falls within the framework of the Government of Botswana and UNFPA programme of Assistance (2003-2007), whose overall goal is to support the quality of life of the people of Botswana. One main objective of the programme is to use standard guidelines for integrating male involvement issues in SRH information and service delivery. …

  8. In harm's way: the impact of Kenya's restrictive abortion law

    This report is based on research and interviews conducted by the Center between June 2009 and February 2010. The Center gathered the experiences of 59 women through a combination of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. This report proposes specific recommendations to all partners involved in abortion-related issues included the Government of Kenya.

  9. National AIDS Council Gender Policy

    The gender policy for the NAC provides a framework within which institutional policies, strategies and programs mainstream gender and women's empowerment into the national response to the HIV and AIDS epidemic. The policy applies to NAC as an organization and to its partners and implementers of the national response to HIV and AIDS. The policy seeks to provide a broad framework through which gender and women's empowerment can be mainstreamed in the national response to HIV and AIDS. …

  10. Assessing the Integration of gender and Human Rights in HIV Related Documents and Processes in Selected Southern African Countries. A rapid assessment

    This report presents the findings of a desk study undertaken to assess the integration of gender and human rights in HIV-related documents and processes in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It highlights best practices, lessons learned, and areas for future action. The report implies an urgency to move from the status quo, whereby the centrality of gender equality and human rights in the pandemic regionally is underestimated. …

  11. Integrating Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV and AIDS interventions: A Compendium of programs in Africa

    The public health and international development communities have known for nearly two decades that gender - the way in which societies define acceptable roles, responsibilities, and behaviors of women and men - strongly influences how HIV spreads and how people respond to the epidemic. Because of the interrelated factors that contribute to HIV infection, there is growing recognition that using multiple approaches in HIV and AIDS programming is more effective than single strategies. …

  12. Moving Beyond Gender as Usual

    Gender inequalities drive the HIV epidemic, increase the burdens of the disease on women and girls, and hinder the effectiveness of the fight against HIV and AIDS. In this analysis, CGD's HIV/AIDS Monitor argues that despite well-meaning global strategies and policies, the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the World Bank's Africa Multi-Country AIDS Program have not yet been able to turn them into systematic programming that addresses the needs of women and girls. …

  13. The questions adolescents ask most frequently about. Vol 2: Male-female relationships and their answers

    The GTZ supported Reproductive Health Project of Tanzania developed youth-friendly education materials, with basic facts about human physiology and reproduction, sexuality, prevention of unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STIs, as well as about partnership and communication between partners. Based on the most frequently asked questions adolescents had on a range of sexual and reproductive health issues, a multidisciplinary team of specialists together with young people de-veloped six "question-and-answer" booklets. …

  14. Where are the gaps?: HIV and gender pre-service teacher training curriculum and practices in East Africa

    Education, especially girls' education, is seen as the most effective protection against the HIV epidemic that has severely affected the school systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Effective HIV and AIDS education in schools can be achieved through high quality teaching, along with targeted and specific information about HIV and AIDS as part of a robust curriculum. Effective teacher-preparedness is a must for high quality HIV education in the classroom. …

  15. Mainstreaming gender equality into national response to HIV and AIDS Nigerian case study

    This book describes the successful efforts to mainstream gender into the National Strategic Framework (NSF). Part 1 presents the situation analysis that set out the context of the Nigerian case study. Part 2 describes the processes employed and steps taken to mainstream gender into the NSF, and highlights the achievements, challenges and lessons learned from the Nigerian experience. The book provides a model that other countries can emulate.

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