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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Sexual and reproductive health and rights for the next decades: What's been achieved? What lies ahead?

    This Global Public Health Special Issue ‘SRHR for the next decades: What's been achieved? What lies ahead?’ assesses progress 20 years after the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), which established the sexual and reproductive health and rights framework for population and health policy (United Nations [UN], 1995). …

  2. Invited commentary: Broadening the evidence for adolescent sexual and reproductive health and education in the United States

    Scientific research has made major contributions to adolescent health by providing insights into factors that influence it and by defining ways to improve it. However, US adolescent sexual and reproductive health policies-particularly sexuality health education policies and programs-have not benefited from the full scope of scientific understanding. From 1998 to 2009, federal funding for sexuality education focused almost exclusively on ineffective and scientifically inaccurate abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) programs. …

  3. Programas de Salud y Género. Mujeres con VIH/SIDA

    La proliferación de trabajos biológicos sobre el proceso del VIH/Sida contrasta con el abordaje de la problemática desde la experiencia de los que lo viven. De entre los involucrados, la mujer se vio implicada desde el comienzo como una de las poblaciones de riesgo de contagiar y de enfermarse. …

  4. Improving the HIV response for women in Latin America: barriers to integrated advocacy for sexual and reproductive health and rights

    Civil society plays an important health governance role by influencing international sexual, reproductive health and HIV agendas as expressed in international conferences; monitoring and evaluating implementation; and holding governments accountable for their commitments. Integration of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV services to achieve the health-related MDGs would seem to be a strategic joint advocacy agenda for the women's sexual and reproductive health movement and HIV activists, particularly women living with HIV. …

  5. Adolescents' reports of reproductive health education, 1988 and 1995

    This study used formal reproductive health education and communication with parents on reproductive health among 15-19 year old males from the National Survey of Adolescent Males (1988 and 1995). Female adolescent reports were taken from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. During this period, reproductive health education became almost universal among adolescent males. The percentage of males receiving information on HIV and AIDS rose from 73% to 97% and percentage receiving instruction on saying no to sex rose from 58% to 75%. Those who dropped out of school received less education. …

  6. Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities

    Men are changing. Case study evidence on work with men and boys to promote gender equality and positive masculinities is a document that aims to strengthen and broaden the evidence base on working with men and boys. It describes and analyzes 12 programmes from around the world that sought to alter the attitudes and behaviours of men in relation to sexuality, sexual and reproductive health, violence and relationships. …

  7. Hacerse hombres: La construcción de la masculinidad en los adolescentes y sus riesgos

    El presente documento sirve de guía para el análisis de la masculinidad y su relación con la salud reproductiva en adolescentes y jóvenes varones. Está basado en una investigación cualitativa, realizada durante el año 2000 por la Unidad de Salud y Desarrollo de Adolescentes de OPS, en nueve países latinoamericanos (Brasil, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, México y Nicaragua). …

  8. The sexual and reproductive health of young people in Latin America: Evidence from WHO case studies

    This original article addresses the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people aged 15 to 24 in Latin America. It introduces five articles from original research projects in three countries: Argentina, Brazil, and Peru. These projects were funded by the World Health Organization. This article explains the importance of studies that address the sexual and reproductive health of young people in developing countries. It provides an overview of sexual and reproductive health issues in Latin America and a discussion these issues in the three study countries.

  9. Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. Gateways to integration: a case study from Haiti

    The process of linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS needs to work in both directions: this means that traditional sexual and reproductive health services need to integrate HIV/AIDS interventions, and also that programmes set up to address the AIDS epidemic need to integrate more general services for sexual and reproductive health. While there is broad consensus that strengthening linkages should be beneficial for clients, only limited evidence is published regarding real benefits, feasibility, costs and implications for health systems. …

  10. Monitoramento das metas da UNGASS-Aids em saúde sexual e reprodutiva das mulheres

    1- Pressupostos: Metade das pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids no mundo são mulheres; no Brasil o número de casos entre mulheres tem aumentado progressivamente desde o início da epidemia. Atualmente, o número de casos novos entre mulheres jovens supera o dos rapazes. A redução dos casos de infecção pelo HIV em mulheres depende de ações voltadas para a sua saúde sexual e reprodutiva; no entanto, a saúde sexual e reprodutiva não depende apenas de ações dos serviços, mas também da autonomia das mulheres sobre seus corpos. …

  11. Mujeres frente al VIH

    Entrevista a la antropóloga Ángela Facundo, que está llevando una investigación sobre la vulnerabilidad frente al VIH por parte de las mujeres en varias ciudades de Colombia. Describe la situación general del VIH en mujeres en Bogotá, Bucaramanga, Barranquilla, Medellín y Cali y los resultados que está arrojando la investigación.

  12. Sexualidad adolescente: un estudio sobre conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas

    Estudio sobre comportamiento sexual de jóvenes y adolescentes del cantón de Golfito, Costa Rica. A fin de redefinir el Programa de Atención Integral a la Adolescencia (PAIA) llevado a cabo por el gobierno costarricense. Definición del proyecto de salud sexual y reproductiva para adolescentes. Se identifican los problemas y riesgos de este grupo (poco acceso a educación secundaria, falta de trabajo, drogadicción, entre otros), comportamiento y creencias. …

  13. Salud sexual y reproductiva en Chile - 2007: actualización de datos estadísticos

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue recolectar, actualizar y describir la información estadística disponible relacionada con salud sexual y reproductiva (SSR) en el país, incluido el VIH/SIDA y las ITS, considerando la perspectiva de género y étnica de Chile. De este modo, se da cuenta de los siguientes temas específicos: estadísticas vitales y demográficas, sexualidad en adolescentes y jóvenes, embarazo, regulación de la fecundidad, VIH/SIDA e ITS, violencia, salud en hombres y mujeres. …

  14. Youth reproductive and sexual health

    The study provides information on key reproductive and sexual health indicators in young women and men age 15-24 in 38 developing countries. The data come from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) conducted between 2001 and 2005. Indicators are selected for the following key areas: background characteristics; adolescent pregnancy; contraception; sexual activity; and HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Additional analysis examines the association of various individual and household characteristics with the key indicators.

  15. Roe v. Wade and the right to privacy

    In the 1973 landmark case Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court applied the core constitutional principle of privacy and liberty to a woman’s ability to terminate a pregnancy. In Roe, the Court held that the constitutional right to privacy includes a woman’s right to decide whether to have an abortion. …

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