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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Women and HIV in Viet Nam: Meeting the Needs. Report summary

    This report introduces current knowledge on the particular situation that Vietnamese women face with regard to HIV. Women are a critical population within the epidemic, not only in terms of sheer numbers, but as this report emphasizes, in terms of the disproportionate toll that HIV can take on their lives. Even as the rate of infection begins to stabilize among high-risk men, transmission continues from these men to their wives and regular partners. …

  2. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards people living with HIV among the general staff of a public university in Malaysia

    Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV have been widely documented, and have extended their impact into the workplace. Stigmatising attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the workplace significantly hinder HIV prevention efforts and indirectly affect national development. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and assess attitudes towards PLHIV among the general staff of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), as well as to identify factors that are associated with it.

  3. Turning the tide: an open strategy for a response to AIDS in the Pacific. Report of the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific

    The Pacific is home to some of the world's smallest, least developed, and most isolated communities. Development progress over the past 30 years, particularly in economic growth and poverty reduction, has been slow, uneven, and in some countries, even negative. Pacific island countries have also experienced pockets of instability with social and political unrest, civil conflicts and natural disasters all contributing to the region's development burden. The region's vulnerability is compounded by the impacts of climate change and globalization. …

  4. Regional Human Development Report. Living with HIV in Eastern Europe and the CIS: the human cost of social exclusion

    The report draws on data from an innovative six-country research study conducted by UNDP together with Oxford University researchers and local social research institutes and organisations of people living with HIV that looked at exclusion in the health, education and employment sectors from the point of view of people living with HIV. …

  5. HIV/AIDS in Karnataka: situation and response

    This bilingual chartbook is intended to inform a wide audience on the situation of HIV/AIDS in Karnataka and the state's response to the spread of deadly disease. It has been divided into two parts. Part one describes the level of infection and the manner in which it spreads. Part two provides details on the state's programme to confront the disease and the evidence -based planning. …

  6. Youth reproductive health in Nepal : is participation the answer?

    The document discusses the processes and results of a multi-year research study jointly undertaken by ICRW, EngenderHealth, and Nepali partners. The project tested the effectiveness of the participatory approach in defining and addressing the reproductive health concerns of adolescents.

  7. Walking the talk: putting women's rights at the heart of the HIV and AIDS response

    Using research from 13 countries, this report demonstrates that gender inequalities and the persistent and systematic violation of their rights are leaving women and girls disproportionately vulnerable to HIV and AIDS. Poverty and limited access to education and information, discriminatory laws and ingrained gender inequalities all deny women and girls their rights. …

  8. Potential economic impacts of an HIV/AIDS epidemic in Papua New Guinea

    This study explores the potential economic impact of HIV/AIDS in Papua New Guinea (PNG). It focuses on the macroeconomic and sectoral impacts for PNG if an epidemic should followalong the path of selected countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The results demonstrate the potential for HIV/AIDS to exacerbate poverty in PNG.

  9. HIV/AIDS in the Mekong Region: Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, and Viet Nam: current situation, future projections, socioeconomic impacts and recommendations.

    This report was prepared by the POLICY Project for the U. S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Itis designed as an advocacy tool to assist policymakers and other relevant stakeholders in stimulating dialogue about sustainable, contextually appropriate responses to HIV/AIDS in the Mekong Region. An exhaustive review of the complexities and data related to the pandemic is beyond the scope of this document. …

  10. Community participation in HIV prevention: problems and prospects for community-based strategies among female sex workers in Madras

    This paper examines the concept of strengthening community action within the context of HIV prevention. There is evidence of the potential role of community participation in HIV/AIDS prevention and care efforts. This paper examines problems and prospects for participation in HIV prevention strategies among commercial sex workers in Madras. It is based on the experiences of a pilot project established by the Tamil Nadu State Government AIDS Cell and WHO.

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