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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. 25 years after Cairo: accelerating Africa's promise; fast-tracking progress in achieving good sexual reproductive health and rights outcomes and achievement of Sustainable Development Goals

    This issue of the African Development Perspectives addresses sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) in Africa, with the backdrop of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action (PoA), signed by 179 governments twenty-five years ago, in 1994, in Cairo, Egypt, and the Nairobi Summit in November 2019, where delegates will converge to reaffirm the commitments to accelerate the promises made at the 1994 Conference. …

  2. Measuring adolescent women’s sexual and reproductive health within a rights-based framework: Developing and applying an index

    To explore the feasibility of creating an easy-to-use summary data tool from survey data, we combined 16 indicators into an index measuring four dimensions of adolescent women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights. The index was tested using data from 30 countries that had relatively recent nationally representative surveys and were distributed across four regions. The resulting index, denoted by the summary acronym AISAR, examines adolescents’ access to information and services, agency in sexual activity and health, and perceptions of rights within marriage. …

  3. Sexual and reproductive health and rights of adolescent girls: Evidence from low- and middle-income countries

    This paper reviews the evidence on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of adolescent girls in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC) in light of the policy and programme commitments made at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), analyses progress since 1994, and maps challenges in and opportunities for protecting their health and human rights. …

  4. Adolescent Fertility in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: Effects and Solutions

    Adolescent fertility in low- and middle-income countries presents a severe impediment to development and can lead to school dropout, lost productivity, and the intergenerational transmission of poverty. However, there is debate about whether adolescent pregnancy is a problem in and of itself or merely symptomatic of deeper, ingrained disadvantage. To inform policy choices and create a revised research agenda for population and development, this paper aggregates recent quantitative evidence on the socioeconomic consequences of and methods to reduce of teenage pregnancy in the developing world. …

  5. International, African and country legal obligations on women's equality in relation to sexual and reproductive health including HIV and AIDS

    The lack of universal access to women's reproductive health services has contributed to the collective failure to be on target to achieve the MDGs by 2015. This is part and parcel of the failure to secure Universal Access by 2010 and is a major factor in the high burden of HIV and AIDS on the African continent. …

  6. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV guidance for health managers, health workers, and activists

    Saúde Sexual e Saúde Reprodutiva das Mulheres Adultas, Adolescentes e Jovens Vivendo com HIV e Aids subsídios para gestores, profissionais de saúde e ativistas é um documento elaborada pela organização internacional EngenderHealth eoO Fundo de População das Nações Unidas (UNFPA) em 2008. …

  7. From rights to reality: how to advocate for women's reproductive freedom worldwide

    The handbook provides tools and strategies that anyone can use to advocate for the reproductive rights of women and girls everywhere. The handbook begins with an explanation of the role of an advocate and then discusses general strategies and tools for reproductive rights advocacy in diverse settings around the world.

  8. Reproductive rights of young girls and adolescents in Russia: a shadow report

    The report presents the legal status and real-life situation of female adolescents in Russia. The purpose of the shadow report is to supplement teh report of the government on reproductive health issues.

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