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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Zero discrimination against women and girls: fact sheet

    On Zero Discrimination Day and as part of the global movement for equality for women and girls, UNAIDS is highlighting seven areas where discrimination against women and girls persists, raising awareness and calling for change: 1) Equal participation in political life; 2) Human rights and laws that empower; 3) Economic justice - equal pay for equal work; 4) End gender-based violence; 5) Access to health care without stigma or barriers, including bodily autonomy and sexual and reproductive health and rights; 6) Equal and free access to primary and secondary education; 7) Climate justice.

  2. #WhatWomenWant: a transformative framework for women, girls and gender equality in the context of HIV and sexual and reproductive health and rights

    The report is based on six months of consultations with adolescent girls and young women around the world. It calls for sustained investment in women-led partnerships and civil society in order to advance gender equality and meet the ambitious targets set in the Sustainable Development Goals.

  3. Empower young women and adolescent girls: fast-track the end of the AIDS epidemic in Africa

    The purpose of this report is to guide regional and global advocacy and inform political dialogue over the coming year, including in the contexts of the African Union Agenda 2063 and the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. …

  4. Women out loud: How women living with HIV will help the world end AIDS

    Women may make up half the world’s population, but they do not share it equally. This is especially evident when it comes to HIV. Half of all people living with HIV are women, yet many are underserved or do not know their status. Despite the many successes we have seen, women still face inequalities that will keep the AIDS response from reaching its full potential.

  5. Spotlight on Gender: Evidence-Based Approaches to Protecting Adolescent Girls at Risk of HIV

    Despite decades of investment in HIV prevention, a large and vulnerable population—that of adolescent girls—remains invisible, underserved, and at disproportionate risk of HIV. Given the changing shape of the epidemic and the leveling off or shrinking of resources, there is an urgent need to rebalance HIV investments between treatment and prevention and to develop evidence-based approaches for protecting the large and vulnerable populations of adolescent girls who remain at risk of HIV. This paper outlines a stepwise engagement process for improving girls’ lives and reducing their HIV risk.

  6. Breaking vows: early and forced marriage and girls' education

    One in every three girls in the developing world is married by the age of 18. One in seven marries before they reach the age of 15. In countries like Niger, Chad, Mali, Bangladesh, Guinea and the Central African Republic (CAR), the rate of early and forced marriage is 60 per cent and over. It is particularly high in South Asia (46 per cent) and in sub-Saharan Africa (38 per cent). …

  7. Keep them in school: the importance of education as a protective factor against HIV infection among young South African women

    This study aimed to identify risk factors for HIV infection among women aged 15-24 years who reported having one lifetime sexual partner in South Africa. A 2003 household survey of 11,904 15-24 year old women on sexual behavior and HIV testing was used. The analysis focuses on a sample of 1,708 women reporting one lifetime partner. Results show that 15% of the women reporting one lifetime partner were HIV positive. In multivariable analysis, completion of high school was associated withábeing HIV-negative (AOR 3.75; 95% CI 1.34-10.46). …

  8. Piecing it together for women and girls. The gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma: evidence from Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic and Ethiopia

    This report focuses on the gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma. It aims to fill a gap and advance a more nuanced understanding and more effective advocacy on how stigma affects women and girls living with HIV more, less or differently to men and boys. This is an advocacy tool for use by relevant stakeholders - from international donors to global policy makers, national governments, programme managers, civil society and people living with HIV. …

  9. What's the budget? Where's the staff? Moving from policy to practice: an update on institutional responses to the intersection between violence against women and girls and HIV

    In 2007, the Women Won't Wait Campaign started to monitor policies, programming and funding priorities of key multilateral and bilateral agencies to assess their response to the twin, intersecting crises of HIV and violence against women and girls. We also asked whether these efforts were gender transformative and advanced women's human rights or whether they adopted an instrumentalist approach to gender equality. What's the budget? …

  10. Political Breakthrough: Mobilizing Accelerated Action to End Violence Against Women and Girls by 2015

    While violence against women and girls (VAW/G) is a factor in all the MDGs, it is linked particularly closely with HIV/AIDS, as both a cause and a consequence of the pandemic. Like HIV/AIDS, violence against women and girls has complex roots, driven by socio-economic issues and gendered power dynamics. Similarly, both HIV/AIDS and VAW/G require a holistic response that cuts across sectors and stakeholders. This report assesses the programs and policies being implemented by the Global Fund, the U.S. …

  11. The HIV/AIDS Epidemic: An Inherent Gender Issue

    A decade ago women seemed to be on the periphery of the epidemic, today they are at the epicentre. In fact, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is taking its toll on everyone, but women are impacted more. This leaflet argues that actions to resolve this issue is not simply a matter of justice or fairness, because gender inequality is fatal. It explains that effects of campaigns are limited, unless women are involved.

  12. Make it matter. 10 key advocacy messages to prevent HIV in girls and young women

    The aim of this guide is to equip its users with key messages, evidence and actions that can be used to advocate effectively on HIV prevention for girls and young women. It recognizes that advocacy needs to be adapted to each country using the methods and channels that work best in a specific context. It also, however, recognizes that any national advocacy work will be most successful if it follows some basic guiding principles.

  13. ADITHI : a journey of 15 years for the women by the women and of the women

    The goal of ADITHI (Agriculture, Animal husbandry, Dairy, Industries, Tree Plantation, Handicrafts, Handlooms, Horticulture, Home-Based Workers, Integration of women in the key economic sectors) are empowerment and advancement of resoourceless women and girl children through awareness generation programmes, leadership development, livelihood and income generation programmes in key economic sectors by forming self-sustainable groups. The report recounts the experiences of ADITHI in the past fifteen years.

  14. Children, youth and unsafe abortion

    The factsheet presents facts and consequences of unintended pregnancies and unsafe sex Statements of international commitments presented at the ICPD, Cairo 1994, Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing 1995, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and CEDAW General Recommendations No. 24 on Article 12 (Women and Health) are also included. The fact sheet can be used as advocacy tools for anyone working in the area of young people's sexual and reproductive health.

  15. Girls can't wait: why girls' education matters, and how to make it happen now

    This is the year that the world will miss the first, and most critical of all the Millennium Development Goals - gender parity in education by 2005. Over the next decade, unless world leaders take drastic action now, unacceptably slow progress on girls' education will account for over 10 million unnecessary child and maternal deaths, will cost poor countries as much as 3 percentage points in lost economic growth, and lead to at least 3.5 million avoidable cases of HIV/AIDS. …

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