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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs in humanitarian settings: an in-depth look at family planning services

    This report summarizes findings and recommendations of a year-long exercise undertaken by the Women’s Refugee Commission and Save the Children - in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to map existing adolescent sexual and reproductive health programs and document good practices. The work was accomplished through a practitioner survey and humanitarian funding analyses; key informant interviews; and collection of good practice case studies.

  2. Adolescent Fertility in Low-and Middle-Income Countries: Effects and Solutions

    Adolescent fertility in low- and middle-income countries presents a severe impediment to development and can lead to school dropout, lost productivity, and the intergenerational transmission of poverty. However, there is debate about whether adolescent pregnancy is a problem in and of itself or merely symptomatic of deeper, ingrained disadvantage. To inform policy choices and create a revised research agenda for population and development, this paper aggregates recent quantitative evidence on the socioeconomic consequences of and methods to reduce of teenage pregnancy in the developing world. …

  3. Why it's the right time: Moving on Reproductive Health Goals by Focusing on Adolescent Girls

    Adolescent girls face serious health risks, especially to their sexual and reproductive health. During this phase, they also acquire health-related behaviors and knowledge that have lifelong impacts on them, their families, and their future children. This paper presents compelling arguments for doing more to protect and promote women's and girls' sexual and reproductive health, and makes the case for why adolescent girls require special attention in order to accelerate progress on international health goals. Four main messages emerge: - When girls and women win, everyone wins. …

  4. International, African and country legal obligations on women's equality in relation to sexual and reproductive health including HIV and AIDS

    The lack of universal access to women's reproductive health services has contributed to the collective failure to be on target to achieve the MDGs by 2015. This is part and parcel of the failure to secure Universal Access by 2010 and is a major factor in the high burden of HIV and AIDS on the African continent. …

  5. A Reproductive health communication model that helps improve young women's reproductive life and reduce population growth: The case of PRACHAR from Bihar, India

    PRACHAR, a reproductive health communication model developed and tested in rural Bihar, India, has been found to be successful in (a) delaying age at marriage and onset of childbearing, (b) increasing contraceptive use for spacing of pregnancies, and (c) generating the most positive impact on contraceptive use among the socioeconomically least advantaged. This paper presents the results of an exercise that estimates the impact of implementing the PRACHAR model in the reproductive health and family planning programs in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. …

  6. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Women and Adolescent Girls Living with HIV guidance for health managers, health workers, and activists

    Saúde Sexual e Saúde Reprodutiva das Mulheres Adultas, Adolescentes e Jovens Vivendo com HIV e Aids subsídios para gestores, profissionais de saúde e ativistas é um documento elaborada pela organização internacional EngenderHealth eoO Fundo de População das Nações Unidas (UNFPA) em 2008. …

  7. Aunties for sexual and reproductive health. How unwed young mothers become advocates, teachers and counsellors in Cameroon

    In Cameroon, a girl's Auntie used to be her most trusted confidante, teacher and counsellor on sexual matters. In 2001, GTZ launched the Aunties Programme which borrows from this tradition. Since then, the Programme has recruited more than 6000 unwed young mothers who got pregnant while still in their teens and has given them basic training in sexual and reproductive health. …

  8. Informe Técnico sobre Monitoreo de las Metas UNGASS para la Salud Sexual y Reproductiva de las Mujeres

    Este informe técnico ha sido elaborado por MYSU en articulación con ASEPO en el marco de un proyecto internacional para el seguimiento de la Declaración de compromisos de Naciones Unidas sobre VIH-SIDA (UNGASS), en lo que refiere a la salud sexual y reproductiva.Para la elaboración de los informes se establecieron indicadores comunes que tienen como objetivo recoger información sobre la realidad de los países en relación a la pandemia de VIHSIDA y su impacto progresivo en las mujeres. …

  9. A measure of commitment: women's sexual and reproductive health risk index for Sub-Saharan Africa

    In 2008 the number of African women who died from pregnancy and child birth was much higher than the number of casualties from all the major conflicts in Africa combined. Maternal mortality continues to be the major cause of death among women of reproductive age (15-49) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This report looks at the performance of sub Saharan African countries in meeting reproductive health targets in 47 countries and ranks them using a set of ten indicators in order of the highest to lowest risk. …

  10. Hé les Miss !

    Hé les Miss ! est un petit guide édité en 2007 par l'Aide Suisse contre le Sida (ASS) de Zurich et l'Office fédéral de la santé publique (OFSP) à Berne. Il s'adresse aux adolescentes et vise à leur fournir, au moyen d'un langage simple et accessible, des informations essentielles sur leur santé et leur corps afin de leur permettre de vivre au mieux cette période particulière qu'est la puberté. …

  11. Mentoring Guide for Life Skills

    This series of Girls' Success Mentoring Guides is a tool to help mentors in their journey. These guides serve as road maps for them. They provide ideas for helping girls as they go through school and become young adults. The first section of each Guide talks about being a mentor and how to prepare for mentoring activities. Later sections talk about issues that are important to girls. This Guide describes life skills. These are the basic skills to help girls make good decisions as they become adults and plan for their futures. …

  12. Aborting and suspending pregnancy in rural Tanzania: an ethnography of young people's beliefs and pratices

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in family Planning" published in December 2008. The objective of this study is to analyse abortion practices and beliefs among adolescents and young adults in Tanzania, where abortion is illegal. From 1999 to 2002, six researchers carried out participant observation in nine villages and conducted group discussions and interviews in three others. Most informants opposed abortion as illegal, immoral, dangerous, or unacceptable without without the man's consent, and many reported that ancestral spirits killed women who aborted clan descendants. …

  13. Adolescent girls literacy initiative for reproductive health (a GIFT for RH)

    The goal of "GIFT for RH" project is to increase the ability of illiterate and out-of-school adolescent girls aged 10-19 living in remote regions of Nepal to make and act on informed decisions regarding their reproductive health and rights as well as to make the community and their peers aware of the same, by the girls' participating in Lalima literacy classes given in Adolescent Girls' Groups (AGGs). The programme was implemented by Aamaa Milan Kendra (Mothers' Club) with technical and financial support from Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA). …

  14. From rights to reality: how to advocate for women's reproductive freedom worldwide

    The handbook provides tools and strategies that anyone can use to advocate for the reproductive rights of women and girls everywhere. The handbook begins with an explanation of the role of an advocate and then discusses general strategies and tools for reproductive rights advocacy in diverse settings around the world.

  15. Reproductive health-seeking by married adolescent girls in Maharashtra, India

    In India, most adolescent girls 15-19 years old are married. A study was conducted in 1995-97 in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra, India to gain insight into whether and how their reproductive health needs are met, especially for gynaecological problems, family planning and perceived fertility problems. It included a survey among 302 married girls of this age, and in-depth interviews with 74 girls, 37 husbands and 53 mothers-in-law. Girls were treated quickly for illnesses interfering with domestic work and were expected to conceive in the first year of marriage. …

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