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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Programs to address child marriage: Framing the problem

    Child marriage violates girls’ human rights and adversely affects their health and well-being. While age at marriage is increasing in most regions of the developing world, early marriage persists for large populations. Worldwide, it is estimated that more than one out of three women aged 20–24 were married before age 18, and one out of seven were married before age 15. There is great variation in child marriage practices across and within regions and between ethnic and religious groups. Eradicating child marriage has long been on the agenda of the United Nations and of individual countries. …

  2. Breaking vows: early and forced marriage and girls' education

    One in every three girls in the developing world is married by the age of 18. One in seven marries before they reach the age of 15. In countries like Niger, Chad, Mali, Bangladesh, Guinea and the Central African Republic (CAR), the rate of early and forced marriage is 60 per cent and over. It is particularly high in South Asia (46 per cent) and in sub-Saharan Africa (38 per cent). …

  3. The establishment of a National Coalition on Women, Girls and AIDS

    The Network of Non-Governmental Organizations of Trinidad and Tobago for the Advancement of Women (The Network) has been contracted by the United Nations in Trinidad and Tobago to execute this Project: “Formation of a National Coalition on Women and Girls and AIDS. The project entails: a mapping of organizations working on women, girls and AIDS in Trinidad and Tobago; and the development of a structure and three year work plan for the coalition in consultation with national partners. …

  4. U.S. Global Health Policy. The Women, Girls, and Gender Equality Principle of the U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI): Assessment of the GHI Plus Country Strategies

    President Obama announced the U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI) in May 2009 as a step in developing a comprehensive, global health government strategy. One of its seven central tenets relates to "women, girls and gender equality." Eight GHI Plus countries (those in which the US rolls out health programs selected for accelerated implementation of GHI). This report assesses how this GHI requirements for strategies and 10 Key Elements of Implementation were integrated into GHI Plus country strategies. …

  5. Piecing it together for women and girls. The gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma: evidence from Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic and Ethiopia

    This report focuses on the gender dimensions of HIV-related stigma. It aims to fill a gap and advance a more nuanced understanding and more effective advocacy on how stigma affects women and girls living with HIV more, less or differently to men and boys. This is an advocacy tool for use by relevant stakeholders - from international donors to global policy makers, national governments, programme managers, civil society and people living with HIV. …

  6. Prevenção e Tratamento dos Agravos Resultantes da violência Sexual Contra Mulheres e Adolescentes: Norma Técnica

    O Estado brasileiro, por intermédio do Ministério da Saúde, assumiu o compromisso com os direitos humanos das mulheres e com a garantia do exercício pleno de sua saúde física e mental, por meio da formulação de políticas públicas de saúde que respondam a suas reais necessidades. A atenção à violência sexual e doméstica é objetivo específico da Política Nacional de Atenção Integral à Saúde da Mulher, na qual estão previstas ações de ampliação e acessibilidade das mulheres e adolescentes aos serviços de saúde. …

  7. Rompiendo el Muro: Manual para la formación de Facilitadoras y Facilitadores Comunitarios en Violencia Sexual Basada en Género

    El presente manual "Rompiendo el muro", producto del proceso piloto llevado a cabo en Buenaventura y Tumaco, constituye una herramienta de formación en el tema de violencia sexual basada en género para los funcionarios pertenecientes a organizaciones humanitarias y facilitadores comunitarios. En la introducción del manual, se ubica el tema de la violencia sexual basada en género en contextos de emergencia y recuperación. …

  8. Ynisiquieralloré: Testimonios de niñas y adolescentes latinoamericanas viviendo con VIH/SIDA

    Entrevistas a doce niñas y adolescentes que viven con VIH de diversos países de América Latina. Hablan de su vida, la discriminación, las redes sociales que los apoyan y su sexualidad. En la parte final se incluye una pequeña encuesta que se aplicó a las entrevistadas.

  9. Mujeres que viven con VIH/SIDA y servicios de salud: Recomendaciones para mejorar la calidad de la atención

    Estudio basado en entrevistas sobre la situación de las mujeres que viven con el VIH y su experiencia con los servicios de salud en México. Se aportan elementos para movilizar y mejorar la respuesta a los problemas surgidos de la epidemia por VIH/SIDA en mujeres, se exploran factores relacionados con la disponibilidad, acceso, efectividad y vacíos en materia de servicios para mujeres. Este texto busca dar cuenta de los hallazgos, reflexiones y recomendaciones derivadas a partir de la documentación y análisis de experiencias de mujeres mexicanas que viven con VIH/SIDA.

  10. Zero tolerance: stop the violence against women and children, stop HIV/AIDS

    This document describes a framework for a comprehensive response to violence against women and children, including the resources that would be needed, political and financial, for full implementation. It suggests taking into account the following pillars: 1. Political commitment and resource mobilization, 2. Legal and judicial reform, 3. Health sector reform, 4. Education sector reform, 5. Community mobilization for zero tolerance, 6. Mass marketing for social change.

  11. Walking the talk: putting women's rights at the heart of the HIV and AIDS response

    Using research from 13 countries, this report demonstrates that gender inequalities and the persistent and systematic violation of their rights are leaving women and girls disproportionately vulnerable to HIV and AIDS. Poverty and limited access to education and information, discriminatory laws and ingrained gender inequalities all deny women and girls their rights. …

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