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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    The US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) was reauthorized in June 2008 with a threefold increase in funds, and a broader, more explicit mandate to improve health in the low- and middle-income countries that it funded. However, the ability of a disease-specific, or vertical, programme to have a spill-over effect and improve health outcomes has been questioned. …

  2. Vietnam: Fighting a Rising Tide: The Response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Vietnam are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region. The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  3. Taiwan, Fighting a Rising Tide: The Response to AIDS in East Asia

    This publication by JCIE focuses on how governments, civil societies, corporations, and media in Taiwan are responding to the rising tide of HIV/AIDS infection that is afflicting the region. The varied responses by each society to the rising threat offer critical and practical lessons. Equally important is the increasing recognition that many problems contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS are cross-border issues that must be addressed collaboratively.

  4. Challenges and Opportunities: the Expanded Government-led HIV/AIDS Programs in China

    HIV/AIDS has posed an increasingly serious issue in China. In recent years, Chinese government has taken further intensified efforts to combat HIV/AIDS with high-level political commitment, supportive policy development, increased financial allocation, large-scale of government-led initiatives, expanded international cooperation and great involvement of non-governmental organizations. Meanwhile gaps and challenges coexist impacting the implementation and the results of national HIV/AIDS programs. …

  5. National poverty reduction strategies and HIV/AIDS governance in Malawi: a preliminary study of shared health governance

    The public health and development communities understand clearly the need to integrate anti-poverty efforts with HIV/AIDS programs. This article reports findings about the impact of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) process on Malawi's National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (NSF). How does the PRSP process support NSF accountability, participation, access to information, funding, resource planning and allocation, monitoring, and evaluation? …

  6. Mandatory HIV Testing for Employment of Migrant Workers in Eight Countries of South-East Asia: From Discrimination to Social Dialogue

    This study was undertaken by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in 2006, on the basis of recommendations made by APEC and ASEAN and guided by the principles of the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work. The purpose of the study is to promote dialogue amongst tripartite partners (representatives from governments, workers' and employers' organizations) throughout the region, and to provide a solid basis for an informed discussion on mandatory HIV testing for migrant workers. …

  7. Understanding the institutional dynamics of Zimbabwe's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic

    This study examines the institutional arrangements established to address the challenges of HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe. The first part of the study looks specifically at the Zimbabwe National AIDS Council (ZNAC) - its organisational structure and, to a limited extent, its programmes - while the second part of the study looks at selected non-governmental organisations (NGOs). This comparison is about clarifying the multi-sectoral approach with an attempt to understand the different and unique roles of each institution. …

  8. The numbers behind the stories: PEPFAR funding for fiscal years 2004 to 2006

    The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is the single largest funder of global AIDS relief programs, but it does not regularly release data on how its money is spent. As a result, little evidence has been available to policymakers and other stakeholders to inform policy debates. In this analysis from CGD's HIV/AIDS Monitor team, the authors analyze newly available data--the numbers behind the stories--that can supplement the largely anecdotal and impressionistic information that has been available to date. …

  9. Understanding the institutional dynamics of Namibia's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic

    This paper provides an overview of the impact of HIV and AIDS in Namibia and the institutional, multi-sectoral response which has been adopted to respond to the epidemic. It also provides an analysis of the response and offers recommendations for improvement.

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