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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Ministerial Commitment on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern African (ESA)

    On December 7, 2013, ministers and their representatives from 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa came together to endorse and adopt the UN commitment for Eastern and Southern Africa with its recommendations for bold action in response to HIV and the education/health challenges experienced by young people. Recognising the urgency of the situation facing young people, education and health ministers have now committed to addressing young people's realities by ramping up sexuality education and health services in their countries.

  2. AIDS policy in Lesotho: Implementation challenges

    HIV/AIDS, dubbed by some analysts as "a looming threat to security in Southern Africa" has been spreading at phenomenal rates in Lesotho since the first AIDS case was reported in 1986; twelve years later (1998) the number of infected adults stood at 101,000. At the end of 2001 this figure had risen by over 78% to 180,000, while children orphaned by the death of their AIDS-infected parents numbered 73,000. For an underdeveloped country with a population of just over two million, these statistics are a cause for alarm. …

  3. SADC regional assessment report of policies and programmes on child and adolescent HIV, TB and malaria

    The SADC Protocol on Health stipulates that Member States should cooperate in dealing with health issues in a harmonised manner as an essential ingredient for the effective control of communicable diseases in the region notably, HIV, TB and Malaria. As part of the response, key strategic frameworks to guide action in the control of these three diseases have been developed by SADC but these mostly address the adult population. In this context, the SADC Secretariat is mandated to develop The SADC Minimum Standards for Child and Adolescent HIV, TB and Malaria Continuum of Care. …

  4. Report on the national response to HIV and AIDS. Reporting period 2006-2010

    This report provides the state of the response to HIV and AIDS in Lesotho covering 2006-2010 which is the period during which the HIV and AIDS National Strategic Plan II (NSP) was implemented. The report outlines achievements as well as challenges encountered in the implementation of various interventions in the national response of both national and district levels. Il covers the thematic areas of management and coordination, prevention, treatment, care and support as well as impact mitigation as outlined in the NSP.

  5. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2011/12 - 2015/16

    The National Strategic Plan has been developed to: Provide a strategic framework that will guide and inform the planning, coordination, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the national multisectoral and decentralised HIV and AIDS response based on the three-ones principle, evidence and results based management, gender and human rights approaches; Articulate national priorities, results and targets that all stakeholders and partners will contribute towards; Provide the basis for consolidating strategic partnerships and alliances especially with civil society organisations and the priva …

  6. Lesotho national AIDS spending assessment (NASA) for the period 2005/06-2007/08

    The National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) is a tool designed to track the HIV and AIDS financial flows and actual expenditure at a country level. In essence, this systematic methodology captures all HIV expenditures, namely, health and non-health expenditures such as social mitigation, education, labour, justice and sectors related to HIV and AIDS. …

  7. National HIV and AIDS monitoring and evaluation plan (2006-2011)

    To effectively fulfil its mandate to co-ordinate the national response under the national strategic plan on AIDS 2006-2011, the National AIDS Commission (NAC) needs to understand the scope and effect of HIV and AIDS interventions in Lesotho. In order do this, a functional and robust M & E system needs to be in place. This document is the implementation plan of the national M & E framework to which all stakeholders have committed to using as part of the "three ones" principles. …

  8. Regional assessment on HIV-prevention needs of migrants and mobile populations in southern Africa

    Southern Africa continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global burden of HIV: 35% of HIV infections and 38% of AIDS-related deaths in 2007 occurred in this sub-region. Southern Africa also experiences high levels of population movement, voluntary or forced, and comprises a diversity of people, including contract labor migrants, irregular migrants, families of migrants, refugees, trafficked persons and mobile workers such as truck drivers and mine workers. Furthermore, migrants have loved ones back home, who may face their own vulnerabilities, as the family breadwinner is away. …

  9. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan 2006-2011 (revised April 2009)

    The multi-sectoral National Strategic Plan (NSP) for HIV and AIDS was developed and launched in 2006. It covers a five-year period from 2006-2011. In 2009, the National AIDS Commission in collaboration with its stakeholders and partners commissioned the Mid-Term Review (MTR) of the NSP. The purpose of the review was to take stock of the national response through determining progress made, identifying challenges and programme gaps together with emerging issues. …

  10. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  11. National HIV and AIDS strategic plan (2006-2011)

    This is a five year plan intended to scale up HIV and AIDS interventions to prevent transmission of new infections and minimise and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS on Lesotho population. The development of the National Strategic Plan 2006/2007-2010/2011 has been influenced by a number of national and international factors in the area of HIV and AIDS. Notable among these are lessons learned from the implementation of the previous three-year rally strategic plan, improved funding opportunities, international conventions and policies which Lesotho has adopted or is signatory to. …

  12. National HIV and AIDS policy

    This is the revised National Policy for HIV and AIDS, intended to provide a comprehensive framework to enable the Basotho nation to effectively fight HIV and AIDS epidemic with the implementation of a range of interventions to reduce transmission and mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in Lesotho. The purpose of the revision of the HIV policy framework in Lesotho was to strengthen the national HIV and AIDS response, in the light of the inadequacies of the policy framework that was adopted in 2000 together with the first National AIDS Strategic Plan 2000-2003. …

  13. A synthesis of institutional arrangements of national aids commissions in Africa

    This paper presents a synthesis of institutional arrangements and issues currently facing National AIDS Councils/Commissions (NACs) in 2007. In this paper the term National AIDS Council or Commission or NAC is used to describe a stand-alone institution, independent of a government ministry, and usually comprising a governance body (the Board) and an operational body (the Secretariat), which, taken together form the National AIDS Council or Commission (NAC). …

  14. Turning a crisis into an opportunity: Strategies for scaling up the national response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Lesotho

    This document is aimed mainly at health organisations, educators, church leaders and scholars. The main objective is to address the alarming spread of HIV and AIDS in Lesotho and to find strategies to prevent it. This document has the endorsement of the government secretary of the kingdom of Lesotho. …

  15. Policy Framework on HIV/AIDS Prevention, Control and Management

    The main aim of this policy is to create a conducive policy environment for the prevention of the further spread of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and to mitigate the adverse impact on infected and affected individuals, families and communities.The Government of Lesotho recognises that HIV & AIDS is not only a health problem but a development problem that has social, economic and cultural implications.

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