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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Zimbabwe's national AIDS levy: a case study

    Background: The authors conducted a case study of the Zimbabwe National AIDS Trust Fund (‘AIDS Levy’) as an approach to domestic government financing of the response to HIV and AIDS. Methods: Data came from three sources: a literature review, including a search for grey literature, review of government documents from the Zimbabwe National AIDS Council (NAC), and key informant interviews with representatives of the Zimbabwean government, civil society and international organizations. Findings: The literature search yielded 139 sources, and 20 key informants were interviewed. …

  2. Scaling up comprehensive sexuality education in Nigeria: from national policy to nationwide application

    Nigeria is one of few countries that reports having translated national policies on school-based comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) into near-nationwide implementation. We analysed data using the World Health Organization-ExpandNet framework, which provides a systematic structure for planning and managing the scaling up of health innovations. We examined how Nigeria's nationwide programme was designed and executed. Since 2002, Nigeria has developed a well thought through strategy to scale up CSE. …

  3. Teen pregnancy and education: politics of knowledge, research, and practice

    This article explores the politics surrounding the education of pregnant/mothering students. Utilizing Title IX, which guarantees the rights of pregnant/mothering students to an education equal to her peers, as an analytical lens, the author specifically identifies how absences in knowledge, research, and practice about the education of pregnant/mothering students are constructed. These absences, which are not neutral, construct discourses that affect the provision of education to pregnant/mothering students. …

  4. Mobilisation, politics, investment and constant adaptation: lessons from the Australian health-promotion response to HIV

    ISSUE ADDRESSED: The Australian response to HIV oversaw one of the most rapid and sustained changes in community behaviour in Australia's health-promotion history. The combined action of communities of gay men, sex workers, people who inject drugs, people living with HIV and clinicians working in partnership with government, public health and research has been recognised for many years as highly successful in minimising the HIV epidemic. …

  5. Pressbook. Lancement et validation du plan stratégique multisectoriel de lutte contre le Sida - 3-ème génération (2014-2017)

    Revue de presse du CNLS regroupant des articles sur les thèmes du "Lancement et validation du Plan stratégique multisectoriel de lutte contre le Sida - 3-ème Génération (2014-2017)" et du "Lancement campagne nationale de lutte contre le sida".

  6. AIDS policy in Lesotho: Implementation challenges

    HIV/AIDS, dubbed by some analysts as "a looming threat to security in Southern Africa" has been spreading at phenomenal rates in Lesotho since the first AIDS case was reported in 1986; twelve years later (1998) the number of infected adults stood at 101,000. At the end of 2001 this figure had risen by over 78% to 180,000, while children orphaned by the death of their AIDS-infected parents numbered 73,000. For an underdeveloped country with a population of just over two million, these statistics are a cause for alarm. …

  7. Policy adoption in dynamic international environments: Evidence from national AIDS programs

    The policy adoption is often seen as a function of internal determinants, external determinants, or a combination of the two. In the years since the start of the HIV/AIDS epidemic nearly every country in the world has adopted of some nature a program to combat the epidemic. This article demonstrates the mixed mechanisms influencing the adoption of AIDS programs, in a quantitative study of 90 countries. Prior studies have claimed that multilateral organizations were vital to global action against the HIV/AIDS epidemic. …

  8. Challenges and opportunities in HIV/AIDS counseling: a case of Jharkhand

    The study highlights the challenges and opportunities in HIV/AIDS counseling. The major challenges are recruiting the right individuals and their capacity building and retention. The finding shows that most of the counselors are not befitting in terms of qualification and experience besides motivation, remuneration, and other issues. The study suggests that to ensure the effective counseling to reverse the epidemic, it is important to focus on such issues through appropriate policy interventions.

  9. Challenges in developing national HIV guidelines: experience from the eastern Mediterranean

    Objective: To appraise the process of development and clinical content of national human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinical practice guidelines of countries in the eastern Mediterranean and to formulate recommendations for future guideline development and adaptation. Methods Twenty-three countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) Eastern Mediterranean and United Nations Children’s Fund Middle East and North Africa regions were invited to submit national HIV clinical practice guidelines for review. …

  10. Using research to influence sexual and reproductive health practice and implementation in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case-study analysis

    Research institutions and donor organizations are giving growing attention to how research evidence is communicated to influence policy. In the area of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV there is less weight given to understanding how evidence is successfully translated into practice. Policy issues in SRH can be controversial, influenced by political factors and shaped by context such as religion, ethnicity, gender and sexuality. …

  11. HIV/AIDS epidemiology and prevention in China

    This article presents a review on HIV/AIDS epidemic history, current situation and prevention policy in China. HIV/AIDS epidemic groups and trends for HIV transmission were also discussed. In January 2006, 650 000 people were estimated to be living with HIV in China. The overall HIV/AIDS epidemic is at a low level (0.05%) and concentrated in several at risk populations. However, the data show that new cases of HIV infection are growing every year and spreading from at risk populations to the general population. …

  12. Processus de formulation du nouveau cadre stratégique 2009-2013. Belle illustration de l'approche participative des acteurs de lutte contre le sida dans la validation du rapport d'analyse de la situation nationale de l'épidémie et de la revue du CSN 2003-2007

    Processus de formulation du nouveau cadre stratégique 2009-2013. Belle illustration de l'approche participative des acteurs de lutte contre le sida dans la validation du rapport d'analyse de la situation nationale de l'épidémie et de la revue du CSN 2003-2007 est un numéro du bulletin trimestriel d'information, Info-SIDA, développé par le Secrétariat Exécutif Permanent du conseil National de Lutte contre le SIDA & les IST. Ce document se présente sous la forme d'un petit journal, dans lequel l'actualité relative au VIH et sida en République du Congo est présentée. …

  13. The HIV Epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, 1989-2007

    The article aims to investigate the characteristics and trends in the HIV epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, between 1989 and 2007. It shows that the HIV epidemic in Yunnan has progressed to a concentrated epidemic. Future efforts must focus not only on groups at risk for primary infection (injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers) but also on their low-risk sexual partners.

  14. Working from the inside: mainstreaming HIV into government planning in Kenya

    This article describes how the the government of Kenya took into account HIV in its government planning.

  15. Evaluación del impacto de una política pública: ampliación del acceso a terapia antiretroviral en Chile

    Este documento elaborado por CONASIDA es una evaluación delos impactos que ha logrado la política de acceso a TARV (Terapia Antirretroviral) en Chile,teniendo en cuentala gran inversión de recursos tanto financieros como por parte de los equipos de salud involucrados.

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